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Migrant Youth, Transnational Families, and the State

Care and Contested Interests

By Lauren Heidbrink

Publication Year: 2014

Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press

Title Page, About the Series, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Chapter 1. Children on the Move

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pp. 1-37

In November 1999, a fishing boat rescued a five-year-old boy clinging to a small raft in the waters south of Florida. His mother and stepfather died while traveling from Cuba to the United States when their vessel capsized. A fisherman took young Elian Gonzalez to the home of his great- uncle living in a Cuban enclave of Miami. For the next seven months, a transnational...

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Chapter 2. Criminal Alien or Humanitarian Refugee?

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pp. 38-62

Th e Refugee Act of 1980 recognized the needs of refugee children who are unaccompanied, creating special legal provisions for their acceptance into the United States via formal refugee resettlement processes. The act established and funded specialized programs through the Department of Health...

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Chapter 3. Youth at the Intersection of Family and the State

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pp. 63-83

The relationship between the state, the family, and the child is a fundamental unit of analysis in society. The law and social norms that shape this triad inform the ways adults provide for and parent their children and the ways children are socialized into the community, allowing for social continuity...

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Chapter 4. Forced to Choose

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pp. 84-108

The study of migration invariably involves discussions of law— immigration processes, agreements between nations, human rights, and interventions of civil society— all related to the fl ow of people across national boundaries. In the exploration of child migration, the law provides an essential site for probing...

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Chapter 5. The Shadow State

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pp. 109-134

In this chapter, we enter the labyrinth of federal immigration detention for migrant children called “shelters,” in which the federal government subcontracts with NGOs to provide for the everyday needs of children. At the point of apprehension, ICE makes a series of assessments. Is the child accompanied...

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Chapter 6. Reformulating Kinship Ties

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pp. 135-155

“Born in the USA. Don’t take our moms and dads away,” the crowd chanted during a 2007 immigration rally in Chicago. With much anticipation, Saul Arellano took the stage. His mother, Elvira Arellano, had rallied a national call for immigration reform in the United States. Despite Chicago being a...

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Conclusion

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pp. 156-164

Since 2001, the state has invested record levels of human and financial capital to militarize the U.S.-Mexico border. Th rough institutionalized partnerships with local law enforcement and significant levels of foreign aid to Mexico to thwart thru-migration from Central and South America, the state...

List of Acronyms

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pp. 165-166

Notes

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pp. 167-178

Bibliography

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pp. 179-190

Index

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pp. 191-194

Acknowledgments

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pp. 195-196


E-ISBN-13: 9780812209679
E-ISBN-10: 0812209672
Print-ISBN-13: 9780812246049

Page Count: 208
Illustrations: 4 illus.
Publication Year: 2014

Series Title: Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Children of migrant laborers -- Government policy -- United States -- 21st century.
  • Children of migrant laborers -- Services for -- United States -- 21st century.
  • Children of migrant laborers -- United States -- Social conditions -- 21st century.
  • Migrant agricultural laborers -- Government policy -- United States -- 21st century.
  • Migrant agricultural laborers -- Services for -- United States -- 21st century.
  • Migrant agricultural laborers -- United States -- Social conditions -- 21st century.
  • Unaccompanied immigrant children -- Government policy -- United States -- 21st century.
  • Unaccompanied immigrant children -- Services for -- United States -- 21st century.
  • Unaccompanied immigrant children -- United States -- Social conditions -- 21st century.
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