The Political Economy of Tanzania
Decline and Recovery
Publication Year: 2014
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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pp. ix -x
List of Abbreviations
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1. Introduction: A Tanzanian Overview
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Tanzania has undergone two transformations in the last thirty years. It has transformed its economy from one of state ownership and control to a market-based system. In addition, it has transformed its political system from a constitutionally entrenched single-party system to an openly competitive multiparty system. It has accomplished these transformations peacefully..
2. Economic Decline and Authoritarian Rule
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The economic trajectory of post-independence Tanzania is painfully familiar. A poor choice of economic policies led to economic decline, which manifested itself in growing and acute scarcities of essential goods and services. Pervasive scarcities, in turn, gave rise to the rapid spread of parallel markets, which gradually came to provide a larger and larger proportion of what ordinary...
3. The Failure of Central Planning
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To succeed, the strategy of import substitution required a massive transfer of economic resources from agriculture to industry. The development economists had specified that the government should treat agriculture as a source of capital and labor for new, state-sponsored industrial firms rather than as an object of development in its own right. Their ideas had vast ramifications for...
4. The Path to Economic Reform I: The Aid Debate
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Despite desperate economic conditions, Tanzania did not initiate an economic reform program until summer 1986, nearly seven years after the end of the Ugandan War. If the famine conditions that prevailed during summer and fall 1974 are taken as Tanzania’s low point, twelve years elapsed before the 1986 IMF agreement, which most observers view as the beginning of the...
5. The Path to Economic Reform II: Internal Alignments
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There are two critical weaknesses in the aid debate. The first is its reliance on an oversimplified, two-actor model, the tendency to view the reform dialogue as one between unitary agents on each side. The Tanzanian reality was far more complex. During the long period of delay between the 1974 economic...
6. Cases in Economic Reform
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By the mid-1980s, it appeared that Tanzania had the major ingredients in place for sustained reform. A reform-minded president had replaced Julius Nyerere. A new economic paradigm that emphasized market forces had discredited the older idea of state-sponsored industrialization. Following on the diffusion of this paradigm in the form of the Berg Report, the donor community...
7. Conclusion: Contemporary Tanzania
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Tanzania has attained its post-reform equilibrium. During five decades of independence, it has morphed from a failed experiment in socialist egalitarianism to a dystopian realm in which economic and political inequalities have taken on every appearance of permanence. The principal political characteristics...
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The helpful taxi driver is a fabled figure in African political studies, and this book owes more than most to such well-disposed individuals. The narrative that follows grows out of nearly fifty years of research on Tanzania, beginning with research on Zanzibar during 1962 and 1963 and continuing with visits to Tanzania almost every year since. It is squarely in the genre of scholarship...
Page Count: 312
Illustrations: 2 illus.
Publication Year: 2014