All Necessary Measures
The United Nations and Humanitarian Intervention
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press
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1. Constructing Humanitarian Intervention
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It is important that when civilians in grave danger cry out, theOn the evening of 17 March 2011, members of the United Nations SecurityCouncil (UNSC) met to discuss the deteriorating security situation inLibya. It was the fourth Security Council meeting on Libya in a monthfollowing the outbreak of violence between Colonel Muammar Qadhafi’s...
2. The Emergence of Human Rights Discourse in the Security Council: Domestic Repression in Iraq, 1990–1992
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Between March and August 1988, the government of Iraq launched a seriesof lethal poison gas attacks against Kurdish villages in northern Iraq. West-ern media covered the effects of the chemical weapons attack on the townof Halabja: ‘‘Ghastly scenes of bodies strewn along Halabja’s streets, fami-lies locked in an embrace of death, lifeless children, doll-like with blackened...
3. State Collapse in Somalia and the Emergence of Security Council Humanitarian Intervention
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When Somalia made it onto the United Nations Security Council agendain January 1992, the council members were newly optimistic about theirability to react promptly and effectively in concert with one another to threatsto international peace and security. Just the year before, the council hadreversed Iraq’s occupation of Kuwait and stopped the Iraqi regime from...
4. From Nonintervention to Humanitarian Intervention: Contested Stories About Sovereignty and Victimhood in Bosnia-Herzegovina
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The war in Bosnia-Herzegovina acquired special significance for membersof the United Nations Security Council. It represented the emergence of anew type of problem at the close of the twentieth century: political turmoilwithin states accompanied by exclusionist ideologies leading to gross andwidespread violations of human rights. Indeed, the agenda of the UNSC in...
5. The Perpetrator State and Security Council Inaction: The Case of Rwanda
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When the United Nations Security Council became involved in Rwanda’scivil war in March 1993, the spirit of post–Cold War optimism that hadcharacterized the council in the aftermath of the Gulf War had been re-placed by a deepening concern over the health and reputation of the UnitedNations. The UN had taken on more peacekeeping operations in the five...
6. International Law, Human Rights, and State Sovereignty: The Security Council Response to Killings in Kosovo
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The decade of the 1990s ended as it began for the United Nations SecurityCouncil, with systematic human rights violations in the territory of theformer Yugoslavia threatening to destabilize the entire Balkan region. Thewar in Bosnia in the first half of the 1990s had its start in Kosovo, a prov-ince of Serbia that lost its constitutional autonomy to growing Serbian na-...
7. Complex Conflicts and Obstacles to Rescue in Darfur, Sudan
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When the conflict in Darfur, Sudan, caught the attention of the UnitedNations Security Council in early 2004, members of the United Nationswere debating whether the international community has a responsibility toprotect people from gross violations of their fundamental human rightswhen their state is unable or unwilling to do so. The idea of the interna-...
8. The Responsibility to Protect, Individual Criminal Accountability, and Humanitarian Intervention in Libya
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On 15 February 2011, the wave of protests that had been sweeping theMiddle East since December 2010 came to Libya. As in other Arab states,popular protests began peacefully but were immediately met with a violentand repressive response by the ruling regime. Unlike protests in Tunisiaand Egypt, however, the situation quickly escalated into a full-scale war...
9. Causal Stories, Human Rights, and the Evolution of Sovereignty
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At the start of the twenty-first century, human rights are increasingly linkedto international peace and security, and normative ideas about human rights,sovereign authority, and state responsibilities to their populations shapeUnited Nations Security Council decision making about humanitarian inter-vention as much as material and geostrategic considerations. The inclusion...
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This project is the culmination of many years of research and writing atmultiple institutions including the University of Minnesota, the Gerald R.Ford School of Public Policy at the University of Michigan, and AlbionCollege. Many people have helped and encouraged me in this research. Iespecially thank Ken Booth, Barbara Frey, and Kathryn Sikkink for encour-...
Page Count: 328
Illustrations: 16 illus.
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights
Series Editor Byline: Bert B. Lockwood, Jr., Series Editor