All Necessary Measures
The United Nations and Humanitarian Intervention
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press
Download PDF (195.0 KB)
Download PDF (36.9 KB)
1. Constructing Humanitarian Intervention
Download PDF (151.0 KB)
On the evening of 17 March 2011, members of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) met to discuss the deteriorating security situation in Libya. It was the fourth Security Council meeting on Libya in a month following the outbreak of violence between Colonel Muammar Qadhafi’s regime and the opponents to his rule. ...
2. The Emergence of Human Rights Discourse in the Security Council: Domestic Repression in Iraq, 1990–1992
Download PDF (147.6 KB)
Between March and August 1988, the government of Iraq launched a series of lethal poison gas attacks against Kurdish villages in northern Iraq. Western media covered the effects of the chemical weapons attack on the town of Halabja: ‘‘Ghastly scenes of bodies strewn along Halabja’s streets, families locked in an embrace of death, lifeless children, ...
3. State Collapse in Somalia and the Emergence of Security Council Humanitarian Intervention
Download PDF (144.6 KB)
When Somalia made it onto the United Nations Security Council agenda in January 1992, the council members were newly optimistic about their ability to react promptly and effectively in concert with one another to threats to international peace and security. Just the year before, the council had reversed Iraq’s occupation of Kuwait and stopped the Iraqi regime from violating the human rights of its population. ...
4. From Nonintervention to Humanitarian Intervention: Contested Stories About Sovereignty and Victimhood in Bosnia-Herzegovina
Download PDF (153.9 KB)
The war in Bosnia-Herzegovina acquired special significance for members of the United Nations Security Council. It represented the emergence of a new type of problem at the close of the twentieth century: political turmoil within states accompanied by exclusionist ideologies leading to gross and widespread violations of human rights. ...
5. The Perpetrator State and Security Council Inaction: The Case of Rwanda
Download PDF (162.8 KB)
When the United Nations Security Council became involved in Rwanda’s civil war in March 1993, the spirit of post–Cold War optimism that had characterized the council in the aftermath of the Gulf War had been replaced by a deepening concern over the health and reputation of the United Nations. ...
6. International Law, Human Rights, and State Sovereignty: The Security Council Response to Killings in Kosovo
Download PDF (168.8 KB)
The decade of the 1990s ended as it began for the United Nations Security Council, with systematic human rights violations in the territory of the former Yugoslavia threatening to destabilize the entire Balkan region. The war in Bosnia in the first half of the 1990s had its start in Kosovo, a province of Serbia that lost its constitutional autonomy ...
7. Complex Conflicts and Obstacles to Rescue in Darfur, Sudan
Download PDF (143.5 KB)
When the conflict in Darfur, Sudan, caught the attention of the United Nations Security Council in early 2004, members of the United Nations were debating whether the international community has a responsibility to protect people from gross violations of their fundamental human rights when their state is unable or unwilling to do so. ...
8. The Responsibility to Protect, Individual Criminal Accountability, and Humanitarian Intervention in Libya
Download PDF (150.7 KB)
On 15 February 2011, the wave of protests that had been sweeping the Middle East since December 2010 came to Libya. As in other Arab states, popular protests began peacefully but were immediately met with a violent and repressive response by the ruling regime. ...
9. Causal Stories, Human Rights, and the Evolution of Sovereignty
Download PDF (125.3 KB)
At the start of the twenty-first century, human rights are increasingly linked to international peace and security, and normative ideas about human rights, sovereign authority, and state responsibilities to their populations shape United Nations Security Council decision making about humanitarian intervention as much as material and geostrategic considerations. ...
Download PDF (168.4 KB)
Download PDF (315.5 KB)
Download PDF (28.8 KB)
This project is the culmination of many years of research and writing at multiple institutions including the University of Minnesota, the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy at the University of Michigan, and Albion College. Many people have helped and encouraged me in this research. ...
Page Count: 328
Illustrations: 16 illus.
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights
Series Editor Byline: Bert B. Lockwood, Jr., Series Editor