Divided Nations and European Integration
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press
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Th e subject of this book is the development of nations and national home-lands divided by sovereign borders within and around the current and pro-spective frontier of the Eu ro pe an Union (EU). No one should assume any inexorable march of the EU, though the short- run and longer- run incorpo-rations of Iceland and Norway respectively are not diffi cult to foresee. We ...
Chapter 1 Divided Nations and Challenges to Statist and Global Theories of Justice
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Th is chapter examines the conceptual resources and limitations of two dom-inant traditions in po liti cal theory regarding cases of nationally mobilized groups that straddle borders. Th e fi rst tradition encompasses fairly tradi-tional, state- centric, and liberal- democratic justice theories, of which John Rawls’s Th eory of Justice (1971) is a leading example. Th e second tradition ...
Chapter 2 Forked Tongues: The Language Politics of Divided Nations
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As Eu rope entered the twenty- fi rst century, a number of regional observers found that the social and po liti cal integration of the Eu ro pe an Union (EU) signaled the demise of the state in the very part of the world where this insti-tutional entity fi rst evolved out of medieval muck. Th ey claimed that a major change was in the offi ng: for those peoples who lacked the protection of their ...
Chapter 3 Kin-State Activism in Hungary, Romania, and Russia: The Politics of Ethnic Demography
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Although kin- state nationalism is neither new nor specifi c to Eu rope, the postcommunist world in Central and Eastern Eu rope provides particularly fertile grounds for this kind of national competition. Modern state- building in this region unfolded under conditions created by Great Power politics that engendered dramatic shift s in territorial borders and a po liti cal land-...
Chapter 4 European Integration and the Basque Country in France and Spain
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Eu ro pe an history has included the emergence of states and nations, some of which coincide almost perfectly while others do not: both are constructions, circumstantial, rarely complete and oft en contested. In this chapter we de-construct what is understood as the Basque nation in order to refl ect on the Basque Country’s situation as a territory divided between France and Spain ...
Chapter 5 Albanians Divided by Borders: Loyal to State or Nation?
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...“If you look down there [pointing into the valley], you can see the border. It cuts straight across the valley and up the other side into those mountains. Th at’s Albania. I remember standing here every eve ning when I was 11 years old with my father and just gazing at Albania. We couldn’t point then be-cause it was too dangerous. We just looked. I came to this spot every day just ...
Chapter 6 The Kurds and EU Enlargement: In Search of Restraints on State Power
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Turkey’s Kurdish minority numbers around fi ft een million, or around 20 percent of the country’s total population of seventy- two million. Kurds in Turkey hold a wide variety of po liti cal opinions, and some do not even self- identify as Kurds. However, it appears that most Kurds in Turkey look upon the possibility of Turkish accession to the Eu ro pe an Union (EU) with a ...
Chapter 7 European Integration and Postwar Political Relations between Croatia and the Bosnian Croats and Serbia and the Bosnian Serbs
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In Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereaft er Bosnia) sizable populations of Serbs and Croats maintain active ties with their neighboring titular nation- states. Th ese relationships are markedly diff erent from other examples of cross- border “kin” relations in Eu rope, where “external minorities” separated from “kin- states” are typically subject to the nationalizing policies of their “host- ...
Chapter 8 The Divided Irish
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Northern Ireland is now an example of a successful resolution to the prob-lem of divided nations, although disputes continue as to why it has had a successful peace pro cess and a stable po liti cal settlement (for example, see Taylor 2009). In this chapter the contribution of Eu ro pe an integration to confl ict resolution in the region is examined, beginning with a discussion of ...
Chapter 9 Germany and German Minorities in Europe
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Before the collapse of communism and the reunifi cation of Germany, Ger-mans constituted the largest divided nation in Eu rope by far, a position today occupied by Rus sians. Aft er 1990 seventeen million citizens of the former German Demo cratic Republic (GDR) accounted for more than 20 percent of the enlarged population in re united Germany. Nonetheless large numbers ...
Chapter 10 Ties That No Longer Bind: Greece, Turkey, and the Fading Allure of Ethnic Kinship in Cyprus
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Since the mid- twentieth century the “Cyprus problem” has loomed large as a source of tension and mutual recrimination between Greece and Turkey, dominating their strategic and diplomatic calculations and at times leading them to the brink of war. At the heart of the matter lies an unresolved and perhaps irresolvable confl ict of ethnonational identities and interests between ...
Conclusion: The Exaggerated Impact of Europe an Integration on the Politics of Divided Nations
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To assess Eu ro pe an integration’s impact on the politics of divided nations, we here divide our colleagues’ fi ndings in the previous chapters into two catego-ries. Th eir evaluations of the eff ects of Eu ro pe an integration on state borders are discussed fi rst. One understanding of Eu ro pe an integration, held by many ardent Europhiles, is that it has promoted respect for state borders and un-...
List of Contributors
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Th is volume is the result of the project “Globalization, Eu ro pe an Integration and Self- determination,” which was generously funded by the Carnegie Cor-poration of New York. It is the fi nal volume of three on diff erent aspects of this broad subject, the fi rst two of which were Minority Nationalism and the Changing International Order (Oxford University Press, 2001) and E u r o p e a n ...
Page Count: 408
Illustrations: 21 illus.
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: National and Ethnic Conflict in the 21st Century
Series Editor Byline: Brendan O'Leary, Series Editor