Divided Nations and European Integration
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press
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...The subject of this book is the development of nations and national homelands divided by sovereign borders within and around the current and prospective frontier of the Europe an Union (EU). No one should assume any inexorable march of the EU, though the short- run and longer- run incorporations of Iceland and Norway respectively are not difficult to foresee. We have avoided the EU’s North African...
1. Divided Nations and Challenges to Statist and Global Theories of Justice
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...This chapter examines the conceptual resources and limitations of two dominant traditions in political theory regarding cases of nationally mobilized groups that straddle borders. The first tradition encompasses fairly traditional, state- centric, and liberal-democratic justice theories, of which John Rawls’s Theory of Justice (1971) is a leading example. The second tradition involves more recent theories of global justice, such as those advanced by Thomas Pogge (2002) and Simon Caney (2005) ...
2. Forked Tongues: The Language Politics of Divided Nations
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...As Europe entered the twenty- first century, a number of regional observers found that the social and political integration of the Europe an Union (EU) signaled the demise of the state in the very part of the world where this institutional entity first evolved out of medieval muck. They claimed that a major change was in the offing: for those peoples who lacked the protection of their...
3. Kin-State Activism in Hungary, Romania, and Russia: The Politics of Ethnic Demography
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...Although kin-state nationalism is neither new nor specific to Eu rope, the postcommunist world in Central and Eastern Eu rope provides particularly fertile grounds for this kind of national competition. Modern state-building in this region unfolded under conditions created by Great Power politics that engendered dramatic shifts in territorial borders and a political...
4. European Integration and the Basque Country in France and Spain
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...Europe an history has included the emergence of states and nations, some of which coincide almost perfectly while others do not: both are constructions, circumstantial, rarely complete and often contested. In this chapter we de-construct what is understood as the Basque nation in order to reflect on the Basque Country’s situation as a territory divided between France and Spain...
5. Albanians Divided by Borders: Loyal to State or Nation?
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...“If you look down there [pointing into the valley], you can see the border. It cuts straight across the valley and up the other side into those mountains. That’s Albania. I remember standing here every evening when I was 11 years old with my father and just gazing at Albania. We couldn’t point then because it was too dangerous. We just looked. I came to this spot every day just...
6. The Kurds and EU Enlargement: In Search of Restraints on State Power
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...Turkey’s Kurdish minority numbers around fifteen million, or around 20 percent of the country’s total population of seventy-two million. Kurds in Turkey hold a wide variety of political opinions, and some do not even self-identify as Kurds. However, it appears that most Kurds in Turkey look upon the possibility of Turkish accession to the European Union (EU) with a ...
7. European Integration and Postwar Political Relations between Croatia and the Bosnian Croats and Serbia and the Bosnian Serbs
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...In Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereafter Bosnia) sizable populations of Serbs and Croats maintain active ties with their neighboring titular nation- states. These relationships are markedly different from other examples of cross-border “kin” relations in Europe, where “external minorities” separated from “kin-states” are typically subject to the nationalizing policies of their...
8. The Divided Irish
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...Northern Ireland is now an example of a successful resolution to the problem of divided nations, although disputes continue as to why it has had a successful peace process and a stable political settlement (for example, see Taylor 2009). In this chapter the contribution of European integration to conflict resolution in the region is examined, beginning with a discussion of ...
9. Germany and German Minorities in Europe
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...Before the collapse of communism and the reunification of Germany, Germans constituted the largest divided nation in Europe by far, a position today occupied by Russians. After 1990 seventeen million citizens of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) accounted for more than 20 percent of the enlarged population in reunited Germany. Nonetheless large numbers ...
10. Ties That No Longer Bind: Greece, Turkey, and the Fading Allure of Ethnic Kinship in Cyprus
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...Since the mid-twentieth century the “Cyprus problem” has loomed large as a source of tension and mutual recrimination between Greece and Turkey, dominating their strategic and diplomatic calculations and at times leading them to the brink of war. At the heart of the matter lies an unresolved and perhaps irresolvable conflict of ethnonational identities and interests between ...
Conclusion: The Exaggerated Impact of Europe an Integration on the Politics of Divided Nations
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...To assess European integration’s impact on the politics of divided nations, we here divide our colleagues’ findings in the previous chapters into two categories. Their evaluations of the effects of European integration on state borders are discussed first. One understanding of European integration, held by many ardent Europhiles, is that it has promoted respect for state borders and...
List of Contributors
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...This volume is the result of the project “Globalization, Europe an Integration and Self- determination,” which was generously funded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York. It is the final volume of three on different aspects of this broad subject, the first two of which were Minority Nationalism and the Changing International Order (Oxford University Press, 2001) and...
Page Count: 408
Illustrations: 21 illus.
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: National and Ethnic Conflict in the 21st Century
Series Editor Byline: Brendan O'Leary, Series Editor