Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press
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This book challenges the dominant concept of citizenship: a unitary and homogeneous legal status granted to an individual by a sovereign state. Before it was monopolized by sovereign nation-states, citizenship had many different meanings, and it was not unusual to think of various levels of citizenship. Today it is important to step back from the details of nationality law under public international law (questions such as which individuals are entitled to acquire or lose...
Chapter 1 Varieties of Multilevel Citizenship
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Citizenship in contemporary societies has come to be defined as a homogeneous legal and political status within the context of a nation-state: in the now-dominant meaning, the only form of membership that may be termed citizenship is membership in a sovereign state. Although undeniably important, this narrow and exclusionary definition of citizenship obscures important developments at both sub- and suprastate levels. For example, the rise of citizenship of the European...
Part I: Migrants and Migrations
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Chapter 2 Denizen Enfranchisement and Flexible Citizenship: National Passports or Local Ballots?
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It is obvious that the dynamics of migration have profound consequences for both sending and receiving societies. Yet the impact of significant immigration on the practices and understanding of citizenship in democracies fundamentally committed to fair and equal representation remains a puzzle, and not for lack of attention. A full-fledged body of literature—...
Chapter 3 Attrition through Enforcement in the ''Promiseland'': Overlapping Memberships and the Duties of Governments in Mexican America
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As in many other parts of the world, recent American immigration disputeshave involved tensions not just between proponents of different policies butalso, and increasingly, between champions of the prerogatives of differentgovernments—national, state, and local—governments structured bothvertically and horizontally. The vertical dimension includes clashes between...
Chapter 4 Multilevel Citizenship in a Federal State: The Case of Noncitizens' Rights in the United States
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Immigration poses an array of complex questions for a receiving polity. Normative questions about integration and rights intersect with practical questions about governance and sovereignty. These questions must be answered at all levels of any society’s government, from local to regional and state to the federal and national levels. At each juncture, answers to these questions will either...
Part II: Empires and Indigeneity
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Chapter 5 When Did Egyptians Stop Being Ottomans? An Imperial Citizenship Case Study
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Historians of the Ottoman Empire are dramatically recasting our understanding of the empire in its provinces, demonstrating the flexible, locally conditioned, and often ephemeral nature of the imperial presence in each provincial setting.1 Although it was one of the empire’s most important provinces, Egypt has not figured very significantly in this revision. There are some good reasons for...
Chapter 6 The Su Bao Case and the Layers of Everyday Citizenship in China, 1894–1904
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Near the end of the Qing Dynasty, six Chinese nationals were arrested inthe International Settlement at Shanghai and charged with acts of treasonagainst the Chinese state. Their arrest prompted an international crisis and,as a result, took almost a year to resolve. The men were arrested in July1903, but it was not until May 1904 that a specially constituted court finally...
Chapter 7 The International Indigenous Rights Discourse and Its Demands for Multilevel Citizenship
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As the construction of state sovereignty has become more complex andnuanced in recent years, the coordinating concept of citizenship has alsoundergone significant transformation: it has increasingly been constructedin plural ways and has departed from its exclusive tie to territoriallybounded, sovereign nation-states. As the international system changes to...
Part III: Local, Multinational, and Postnational
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Chapter 8 Local Citizenship Politics in Switzerland: Between National Justice and Municipal Particularities
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Although the nation-state is commonly regarded as a crucial actor and the most relevant level when it comes to citizenship politics, related policies are often executed or even shaped at the regional and the local levels. As a consequence, policies can vary from region to region or from town to town within the very same nation-state. Switzerland constitutes the most extreme case when it comes to local-level variations in citizenship policies. In this country, every municipality...
Chapter 9 Multilevel Citizenship and the Contested Statehood of Bosnia and Herzegovina
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Examining the multilevel citizenship regime in Bosnia and Herzegovina as established through the provisions of the Dayton Peace Agreement (DPA), this chapter considers how the citizenship regime relates to the character of the Bosnian state and its statehood and how this relationship affects human rights. I argue that the existing multilevel citizenship regime harms human rights because of its...
Chapter 10 Citizens of a New Agora: Postnational Citizenship and International Economic Institutions
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Globalization is eroding the certainties of citizenship, but not citizenship itself. Instead, new supernational regimes and institutions are increasingly populated by new forms of political subjecthood and participation, creating new possibilities for citizenship.1 Contrary to the hopes expressed in the literature on global citizenship, however, not all of these...
Chapter 11 Sites of Citizenship, Politics of Scales
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There is in the literature on citizenship a frequent tendency to focus onnation-state citizenship, obscuring other sites, spaces, and levels where citi-zenship manufacturing processes also take place. But even when citizenshipanalysis does include other sites, spaces, and levels, such diversity is toooften analyzed through the lens of nation-state citizenship, which is thus...
List of Contributors
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Page Count: 272
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Democracy, Citizenship, and Constitutionalism
Series Editor Byline: Rogers M. Smith and Mary L. Dudziak, Series Editors