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Christian Society and the Crusades, 1198-1229

Sources in Translation, including "The Capture of Damietta" by Oliver of Paderborn

Edited by Edward Peters

Publication Year: 2012

During the thirteenth century, the widespread conviction that the Christian lands in Syria and Palestine were of utmost importance to Christendom, and that their loss was a sure sign of God's displeasure with Christian society, pervaded nearly all levels of thought. Yet this same society faced other crises: religious dissent and unorthodox beliefs were proliferating in western Europe, and the powers exercised, or claimed, by the kings of Europe were growing rapidly.

The sources presented here illustrate the rising criticism of the changing Crusade idea. They reflect a sharpened awareness among Europeans of themselves as a community of Christians and the slow beginnings of the secular culture and political organization of Europe.

Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press

Title Page

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Copyright Page

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Table of Contents

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Introduction

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pp. ix-xxii

Thus, in his letter of 1213 to the ecclesiastical officials of the province of Canterbury, did Pope Innocent I11 (1198-1216) depict the dangers to universal Christendom and the two most pressing tasks before it. To be sure, the first fifteen years of Innocent's pontificate had not neglected these problems...

I. The Fourth Crusade, 1202-1207

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pp. 1-24

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II. Crusade and Council, 1208-1215

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pp. 25-57

Roger of Wendover began to write his chronicle at St. Albans monastery in England around 1217 and continued to 1235, when he was succeeded by Matthew Paris. Roger was uniquely well informed and a sensible user of documentary evidence. His account of the Council and the events of the...

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III. The Fifth Crusade, 1217-1222

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pp. 58-145

The Crusade invoked by the Fourth Lateran Council began to move in 1217. These brief selections offer a jlavor of men's apprehensiveness and eagerness to answer Pope Innocent's summons. Of Signs in the Heavens by which the Province of Cologne Was Incited to Assist in the Crusade, 1217...

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IV. The Emperor's Crusade, 1227-1229

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pp. 146-170

After twelve years of delays, Frederick II embarked from Italy in 1227, only to put back to port because plague had stricken his army. Pope Gregory IX, however, exasperated by Frederick's procrastination, summarily excommunicated the emperor. The crusade began without the emperor, but by...


E-ISBN-13: 9780812207361
Print-ISBN-13: 9780812210248

Page Count: 192
Publication Year: 2012

Series Title: The Middle Ages Series