Asian Medicine and Globalization
Publication Year: 2011
Medical systems function in specific cultural contexts. It is common to speak of the medicine of China, Japan, India, and other nation-states. Yet almost all formalized medical systems claim universal applicability and, thus, are ready to cross the cultural boundaries that contain them. There is a critical tension, in theory and practice, in the ways regional medical systems are conceptualized as "nationalistic" or inherently transnational. This volume is concerned with questions and problems created by the friction between nationalism and transnationalism at a time when globalization has greatly complicated the notion of cultural, political, and economic boundedness.
Offering a range of perspectives, the contributors address questions such as: How do states concern themselves with the modernization of "traditional" medicine? How does the global hegemony of science enable the nationalist articulation of alternative medicine? How do global discourses of science and "new age" spirituality facilitate the transnationalization of "Asian" medicine? As more and more Asian medical practices cross boundaries into Western culture through the popularity of yoga and herbalism, and as Western medicine finds its way east, these systems of meaning become inextricably interrelated. These essays consider the larger implications of transmissions between cultures.
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press
Download PDF (150.5 KB)
Download PDF (9.8 KB)
Download PDF (16.3 KB)
Download PDF (32.2 KB)
1. Introduction: The Politics of Culture and Medicine
Download PDF (1.2 MB)
The chapters in this volume deal with the ways in which bodies ofknowledge are manipulated to produce coherence and health, broadlylinked, in practice and the imagination, to specific nations: India,China, England, and the United States most directly, but also Australia,Tibet, Japan, Singapore, and Germany. And yet the manipulation of...
2. Ayurvedic Acupuncture—Transnational Nationalism: Ambivalence About the Origin and Authenticity of Medical Knowledge
Download PDF (1.4 MB)
Few if any would argue that medicine is not politicized on a number oflevels and that it is deeply permeated by culture and cultural values. Yetmedical systems, like the sciences on which they are based, are usuallyfounded on universalist principles of health and healing, defined inpan-human terms and in terms of natural laws that are thought to tran ...
3. Deviant Airs in "Traditional" Chinese Medicine
Download PDF (1.3 MB)
Difficulties in rendering into English the Chinese term xie have doggedhistorians of Chinese medicine working in different historical periodsand social/religious contexts. A core meaning of xie is "oblique" or"deviating," not zheng, "physically upright," an opposition frequentlyinvoked in Chinese discourses on morality and early Chinese medical...
4. Reinventing Traditional Medicine: Method, Institutional Change, and the Manufacture of Drugs and Medication in Late Colonial India
Download PDF (621.5 KB)
Several themes resurface in accounts ofthe encounter between so-calledtraditional systems ofIndian medicine and modern allopathic medicine,each of which focuses differently on the politics of knowledge, science,and empire (Petitjean,Jami, and Moulin 1992). In each ofthese themes,the nation-state most visibly confers an identity on traditional knowledge...
5. Health and Medicine in British India and the Dutch Indies: A Comparative Study
Download PDF (593.3 KB)
India and Indonesia provide a striking example of similarity and con trast. In both countries, their famed tropical riches attracted foreignintervention and both fell to colonization. Health was considered crucialin both countries and both had a medical tradition of their own. West ern medicine, on the other hand, moved overseas riding the colonial...
6. Nationalism, Transnationalism, and the Politics of "Traditional" Indian Medicine for HIV/AIDS
Download PDF (1.1 MB)
Traditional medicine. Complementary medicine. Alternative medicine.Herbal medicine. Complementary alternative medicine. These phraseshave been flashing on radar screens ofinternational public health orga nizations, pharmaceutical companies, and market investors since thelate twentieth century and are gaining even more attention in the early...
7. Mapping Science and Nation in China
Download PDF (792.7 KB)
The mandate of heaven (tianming) is a Confucian notion that anyonewho is successful in seizing the reins ofpower retains the rightful author ity to rule over China. Across the centuries, many imperial rulers andtheir contestants invoke tianmingto declare each other as morally bank rupt while legitimizing their own form of hierarchy as better. In this...
8. Sanskrit Gynecologies in Postmodernity: The Commoditization of Indian Medicine in Alternative Medical and New-Age Discourses on Women's Health
Download PDF (729.3 KB)
What is significant about the adoption of alien objects-as of alienideas-is not the fact that they are adopted, but the way they areThe two earliest extant medical compendia in Sanskrit, the Caraka Sarrt hita (circa second century C.E.) and the Susruta Sarrthita (circa mid-thirdcentury C.E.)l contain detailed information about women's bodies...
9. China Reconstructs: Cosmetic Surgery and Nationalism in the Reform Era
Download PDF (1.1 MB)
Most of the contributions to this volume trace the paths followed bylocal medical practices as they travel across national, regional, and otherboundaries. This chapter, however, traces a reverse direction of travel: itdescribes the transnational development ofthe field ofcosmetic surgeryand how it was appropriated into local, everyday practices in China. In...
Download PDF (802.4 KB)
Download PDF (885.7 KB)
List of Contributors
Download PDF (162.6 KB)
Download PDF (349.9 KB)
Download PDF (38.1 KB)
This volume is the direct result of support provided by the Asian StudiesCenter at the University of Pittsburgh. In particular, I would like tothank Bell Yung, the director ofthe Asian Studies Center, for his supportand encouragement. I would also like to thank Dianne Dakis, ElizabethGreene, and Doreen Hernandez for their hard work. The Asian Studies...
Page Count: 200
Publication Year: 2011
Series Title: Encounters with Asia