Rites of Place
Public Commemoration in Russia and Eastern Europe
Publication Year: 2013
Ranging widely across time and geography, Rites of Place is to date the most comprehensive and diverse example of memory studies in the field of Russian and East European studies. Leading scholars consider how public rituals and the commemoration of historically significant sites facilitate a sense of community, shape cultural identity, and promote political ideologies. The aims of this volume take on unique importance in the context of the tumultuous events that have marked Eastern European history—especially the revolutions of 1905 and 1917, World War II, and the collapse of the Soviet Union. With essays on topics such as the founding of St. Petersburg, the battle of Borodino, the Katyn massacre, and the Lenin cult, this volume offers a rich discussion of the uses and abuses of memory in cultures where national identity has repeatedly undergone dramatic shifts and remains riven by internal contradictions.
Published by: Northwestern University Press
Download PDF (99.4 KB)
Title Page, Copyright
Download PDF (406.4 KB)
Download PDF (380.0 KB)
List of Illustrations
Download PDF (261.7 KB)
Download PDF (135.7 KB)
The editors wish to thank their home institutions for support provided for the publication of this volume. We also extend our grateful appreciation to acquisitions editor Mike Levine at Northwestern University Press for all his help and guidance. And fi nally, we thank our daughters, Cerria Johnson and ...
Introduction / Julie Buckler and Emily D. Johnson
Download PDF (424.5 KB)
Changing times demand new symbols, rituals, and public spaces. During the twenty- plus years since the collapse of the Soviet Union, governments, civic groups, religious authorities, and private interests across Eastern Eu-rope and Eurasia have worked to preserve, restore, reclaim, and reshape re-emergent sites seen as central to collective memory. As part of this process, ...
Part 1: Reconstituting Urban Space
Transporting Jerusalem: The Epiphany Ritual in Early St. Petersburg / Michael S. Flier
Download PDF (665.4 KB)
In 1776, Gavrila Derzhavin, the court poet laureate during the reign of Catherine II, wrote an ode, “To Peter the Great,” that encapsulated a broad perception of the emperor’s relationship to Russia’s medieval past:One has only to consider words such as darkness and gloom in Derzhavin’s characterization of medieval Rus’ to ask what precisely Peter might have ...
Prague Funerals: How Czech National Symbols Conquered and Defended Public Space / Marek Nekula
Download PDF (477.6 KB)
This paper analyzes the semiotics of nineteenth- and twentieth- century national commemorative ceremonies and memorial culture by applying the theoretical models developed by Yuri Lotman, Roland Posner, and Vladimír Macura, which can be situated within the interpretative theory of culture.1 National commemorative ceremonies and memorial culture played an im-...
"A Monstrous Staircase" : Inscribing the 1905 Revolution on Odessa / Rebecca Stanton
Download PDF (700.1 KB)
And the grand staircase, as wide as a broad street, two hundred low, lordly steps; it seems there’s no other one like it in the world, Russia’s revolutionary unrest of 1905 spawned narratives set in various lo-cales, including the two imperial capitals, Moscow and St. Petersburg; but it was in comparatively sleepy, provincial Odessa that the most vivid—albeit ...
Jubilation Deferred: The Belated Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of St. Peterburg/Leningrad / Emily D. Johnson
Download PDF (473.7 KB)
Compared to the extravagant festivities staged around the globe in connec-tion with St. Petersburg’s tercentennial in 2003, remarkably little was done in 1953 to mark the city’s 250th anniversary. Some publications on regional history appeared, local museums organized a few Leningrad- related exhibits, and postwar restoration work continued at sites in and around the capital, ...
Part 2: The Art and Culture of Commemoration
The Portrait Mode: Zhukovsky, Pushkin, and the Gallery of 1812 / Luba Golburt
Download PDF (715.3 KB)
The aim of any commemoration is to defi ne and perpetuate popular histori-cal knowledge. Thus, the forms commemoration takes are also essentially forms of knowledge that entail diﬀ erent modes of engagement and diﬀ erent objects of knowing, and the study of commemoration is of necessity also an epistemological project. Originating from these general premises, this essay ...
An Island of Antiquity: The Double Life of Talashkino in Russia and Beyond / Katia Dianina
Download PDF (854.0 KB)
National consciousness—this fi rmament of the people’s spirit—is ments of a bygone life, and we are happy that our fatherland can still gather and store in safe haven many objects that have great Until very recently, much has remained uncertain about Princess Mariia Klavdievna Tenisheva (née Piatkovskaia, 1858–1928), a patron of the arts ...
From Lenin's Tomb to Avtovo Station: Illusion and Spectacle in Soviet Subterranean Space / Julia Beckman Chadaga
Download PDF (708.7 KB)
How do our material surroundings correspond to and shape the world of ideas, our beliefs, and our behavior? This question is particularly interest-ing to ask about the Soviet period from the 1920s through the beginning of the Thaw. Architecture played a prominent role in the culture of that time, and such rhetorical constructions as “building socialism” and “living in ...
From Public, to Private, to Public Again: International Women's Day in Post-Soviet Russia / Choi Chatterjee
Download PDF (456.8 KB)
On March 8, 2000, Kukly (Puppets), the satirical show, sponsored by the then- independent and outspoken Russian television channel NTV, aired a segment called “Women’s Day.” The sly puppets in the show had built a considerable following across the Commonwealth of Independent States by savagely lampooning celebrities and politicians, and were popular among ...
Part 3: Military and Battlefield Commemorations
Taking and Retaking the Field: Borodino as a Site of Collective Memory / Julie Buckler
Download PDF (471.9 KB)
Mikhail Lermontov’s poem “Borodino” (1837) marked the twenty- fi fth anniversary of the 1812 battle fought on Russian soil against Napoleon’s Grand Armée.1 The poem, familiar to every Russian schoolchild, stages an encounter between a youth and an old veteran. In the opening stanza, the youth asks, “Tell me, Grandfather, isn’t it true that fi re- scorched Moscow ...
Who to Lead the Slavs? : Poles, Russians, and the 1910 Anniversary of the Battle of Grunwald / Patrice M. Dabrowski
Download PDF (451.3 KB)
Those familiar with the event mentioned in my title may wonder what a battle fought in medieval times between the Teutonic Knights and a motley group of East and Central European allies could possibly have to do with the relationship of Poles to Russians and, ultimately, to pan- Slavism. Yet, the battle of 1410 proved to be a rallying cry for Poles in the fi rst decade ...
Moscow's First World War Memorial and Ninety Years of Contested Memory / Karen Petrone
Download PDF (721.7 KB)
The calamity of the First World War created an unprecedented number of wartime deaths that radically transformed the commemoration of “the fallen” all over Europe.1 Members of Russian educated society, like the opinion makers in other European combatant countries, stepped forward during the war to honor the dead in ways that aﬃ rmed the nation’s patri-...
Part 4: Commemorating Trauma
Memory as the Anchor of Sovereignty: Katyn and the Charge of Genocide / James von Geldern
Download PDF (468.7 KB)
...“Space” means an arena of freedom, without coercion or account-ability, free of pressures and void of authority. . . . But “place” is a very diﬀ erent matter. Place is space which has historical meanings, Katyn, 1940. Such was the simple inscription in the Polish War Cemetery at Katyn (Russian Federation) at its oﬃ cial opening on July 28, 2000. Simi-...
Postcolonial Estrangements: Claiming a Space Between Stalin and Hitler / Serguei Alex. Oushakine
Download PDF (731.8 KB)
You know, it was always like that: the French, the Germans, the pushing us, pressing us, kicking us. One day Russia includes us in its empire, another day—Rzeczpospolita, and so on; plus all those permanent wars that went for years. . . . So all that shaped us in such a way . . . you know, so that we have to think, always to think....
Prisons into Museums: Fashioning a Post-Communist Place of Memory / Cristina Vatulescu
Download PDF (492.3 KB)
What happened to Communist political prisons and camps in the twenty years following the fall of the Iron Curtain? For years many of my travels through Eastern Europe were driven by this question. This drive to see the material remains of those sites of suﬀ ering even outlasted the gradual real-ization that as they now stand or crumble, these places often have more to ...
Download PDF (394.3 KB)
Page Count: 348
Illustrations: 34 b&w
Publication Year: 2013
Volume Title: 1
Series Editor Byline: John Smith, Will Wordsworth