On Critical Practice Under Historical Conditions
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: Northwestern University Press
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List of Abbreviations
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To begin a book on effective history is to be already deprived of, because already furnished with, one’s beginning. The possibility of a grand opening, with a ceremonious placing of the foundation stone, is removed. There is a sense of having arrived too late, to find that a stone is already there in the spot one had thought to lay the founding one. ...
1. Habermas: A Closet Kantian
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Let us first turn to a still contemporary debate, between Habermas and Gadamer on our topic of the nature and possibility of critical practice under historical conditions. It is a debate in which there is ultimately at stake a Cartesian- style emptying of the apple basket, Habermas defending his conviction of the heuristic value of invoking a capacity for “pure” reflection ...
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This chapter exposes the manner in which Kant, with a carefully devised account of aesthetic judgment as pure reflection, would temper Descartes’ ideals of unity, purity, and certainty by acknowledging and accommodating the historical nature of human thought and action, and would thereby both anticipate and attempt to foreclose our “problem of history,” that is, our concern about the possibility of critical practice under historical conditions. ...
3. Vattimo: A Closet Kantian
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There is an established branch of criticism of Gadamer’s account of effective historical understanding, which joins with Habermas in objecting to the dearth of critical potential available from within one’s tradition and which yet appears far removed from those Enlightenment dreams of reason and progress that we have seen Habermas so faithfully, though unpersuasively, defend. This branch of criticism may be broadly described as reliant upon altogether more postmodern convictions ...
4. Gadamer and Lyotard on Aesthetic Judgment (I): Some Problems
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If, counter to traditional repute, it is to Descartes that we can look for the suggestion that our a priori foundations need not be more than hypothetically or provisionally held, but may, given confusions, contradictions, or simply demands for greater certainty, at some stage be themselves subject to scrutiny on the basis of other a priori assumptions, then it is certainly to Kant that we owe the simultaneous systematization and suppression of this account of a priori legitimacy. As we saw Foucault ...
5. Gadamer and Lyotard on Aesthetic Judgment (II): The Story of Where They Go Wrong
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Kant’s essay on the progress of the human race left us with two influential role models: the modern player and the postmodern spectator, with whom, by now, we are well acquainted and with whose various guises we are becoming familiar. An important aspect of their joint hegemony over our philosophical options, however, and one to which we have yet to call attention ...
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Have Gadamer and Lyotard both been unfortunate, then, in the examples with which they chose to illustrate their rejection of Kant’s efforts to divide truth from its histories? Or have their examples been perfectly chosen, in illustration of what is effectively a continued adherence to Kant’s efforts to divide truth from its histories? In either of these cases, ...
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Publication Year: 2010
Volume Title: 1