The Philosophy of Hegel as a Doctrine of the Concreteness of God and Humanity
The Doctrine of Humanity
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: Northwestern University Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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Contents of Volume Two
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A Brief Introduction to Volume Two
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Most of the contents of this second volume of I. A. Il’in’s commentary on the philosophy of Hegel will be unknown even to those who have read his 1946 German version of the text, because in that version he omitted eight of the original ten chapters of this volume. These omitted chapters...
Part 3. The Doctrine of the Meaning of Human Life
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Hegel’s philosophical doctrine, taken as a whole, can be depicted as a doctrine of Divine freedom, since everything that he saw and taught really reduces to that content. His philosophy attempts to reveal adequately the essence of the Divinity, and establishes that this essence lies in freedom; it...
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For one who strives to comprehend the philosophy of Hegel in its fundamental essence, it is necessary to uncover his conception of “humanity” with special, intuitively concentrated attention, for here lies the key to understanding the whole of the “philosophy of spirit.” All higher shapes...
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The meaning of human life consists in the realization of freedom, or, what is the same thing, in the holistic disclosure of the rational and good will. This is accomplished by the human soul gradually overcoming the empirical and fi nite form of existence, grasping its own universality, and committing itself...
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It can be established in theoretical work as a general rule that the essence of a question and the way in which it is framed predetermine the content of the theory answering that question, and moreover, the stronger and more mature the thought of the theorist, the tighter and deeper this...
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Morality is the truth of abstract right, i.e., a higher, more free, and more
concrete stage in the ordering of rightful states of the will.
Morality is a higher stage because the human will enters onto this level only after having passed through the mediation of “abstract right” and having overcome its determinations. The moral state of the will, in...
18. Ethical Life
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In Hegel’s philosophy there is no problem more complex and difficult to understand than the problem of speculative ethical life (Sittlichkeit). The very level on which this new “shape of the world” unfolds and lives occupies what amounts to a central position in the entire ascending order of...
19. On Personhood and Its Virtue
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The shape of ethical life, despite all its complexity, displays a certain holistic and classic simplicity, maintaining itself on the path of continuous speculative growing- together. The concreteness of this “shape” consists, first, in the fact that it always conceals within itself a multiplicity of...
20. On the State
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One of the boldest and most original of Hegel’s conceptions in his philosophy of right is the conception of the state as the mature realization of ethical life. In contrast to the usual understanding, inclined to see in the state the organization of a socio-ethical minimum, Hegel holds the political...
21. The Limit of the Human
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According to Hegel’s general, fundamental project, philosophy is the thinking account of the ascending victories of Divinity in the realm of empirical existence. The power of imaginative thought reveals the systematic series of real “shapes” in the world; i.e., pure, typical spiritual...
22. Conclusion: The Crisis of Theodicy
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One of the greatest spiritual tasks of philosophy consists in cognizing, and revealing by the powers of reason, all that objective content which religion considers to be its exclusive domain. In this process of cognition, philosophy must separate the true from the false, affirming the true on the basis of unshakable self- evidence, and sweeping away the false as a delusion...
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Table of Page Equivalents for the Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion
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Page Count: 318
Publication Year: 2011
Volume Title: 2