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The Philosophy of Hegel as a Doctrine of the Concreteness of God and Humanity

Volume One: The Doctrine of God

I. A. Il'in

Publication Year: 2010

This translation from Russian of The Philosophy of Hegel as a Doctrine of the Concreteness of God and Humanity marks the first appearance in English of any of the works of Russian philosopher Ivan Aleksandrovich Il’in.

Published by: Northwestern University Press

Title Page, Copyright

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Contents of Volume One

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pp. vii-viii

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pp. ix-xiii

The attempt to retrieve a work of scholarship buried under as much historical debris as was I. A. Il’in’s original two- volume commentary on the philosophy of Hegel presented distinct challenges, as well as possible satisfactions. In 1918 the universe of Russian...

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pp. xv-xix

In an undertaking as large, daunting, and time- consuming as this translation has proven to be, there have been innumerable occasions when further progress depended upon being able to reach out for a helping hand from someone with superior expertise on the puzzling question...

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Translator’s Introduction

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pp. xxi-xciv

In the early afternoon of May 19, 1918, members of the Faculty of Law of Moscow University were assembling for the purpose of conducting the formal defense of the thirty- five- year- old Ivan Aleksandrovich Il’in’s master’s dissertation, scheduled to begin at 2:00 p.m.1 The dean of the...

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pp. 5-13

On the threshold of new quests and achievements, in the struggle for spiritual purity,a for authenticity of experience and objectivity of cognition, it is natural for philosophy to turn to its past in order to find inspiration, and a valedictory, in its greatest works...

Part 1: The Doctrine of the Essence of the Divinity

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pp. 15-160

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1. The Concrete-Empirical

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pp. 17-31

The first and most important thing that should be done by anyone striving to understand Hegel’s philosophical doctrine adequately and assimilate it intuitively is to clarify for oneself Hegel’s attitude toward the concrete empirical world. The doctrine of the concrete- empirical determines...

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2. The Abstract-Formal

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pp. 32-45

By virtue of its fundamental properties the concrete- empirical cannot serve as the object of cognition in general, nor as the object of philosophical cognition in particular. Before it lies a profound, all- renouncing and renewing regeneration. Its chaotic character must encounter the principle of strict measure...

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3. On Speculative Thinking in General (The Doctrine of Reason)

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pp. 46-70

Hegel’s doctrine of the essence of speculative thought, like his philosophy as a whole, is grounded in genuine psychic- spiritual cognitive experience. That experience revealed to him what he in essence asserted, and affirmed for him the truth of what had revealed itself to him. The...

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4. The Reality of Thought

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pp. 71-90

As we enter into the realm of speculative thinking, a new structure of life and a new order of relations are revealed.a The soul recognizes the possibility of ascending to “objektive” life, without, evidently, abandoning its own limits and, in any event, without surrendering to the will of...

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5. The Universality of Thought

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pp. 91-112

Perhaps nowhere is the difference between Hegel’s logic and conventional formal logic so sharp and clear as in the idea of the “universal” (Allgemein). The doctrine of the reality of thought established by him leads to this with iron necessity; for, together with this fundamental...

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6. Dialectic

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pp. 113-133

Intrinsic to the concept as such is a certain inner dialectic: it is intrinsic to the concept to enter into an “inner contradiction” with itself, to divide into new concepts which exclude one another. In this lies its universal, fundamental, and specific property: there is no concept that does not...

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7. The Concrete-Speculative

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pp. 134-160

Every great and mature philosophical doctrine has a fundamental idea concealing in itself that “main,” that essential, thing in name of which this doctrine was brought forth, matured, and acquired a garment of words. This idea consolidates through itself that situation that was revealed...

Part 2: The Doctrine of the Divine Path

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8. The Concept and Science

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pp. 163-179

Philosophy is adequate cognition of the absolute Object. Philosophy is possible because the absolute Object enters undistorted into the sphere of the human soul, masters the soul’s powers and living tissue,a and genuinely realizes itself in it, filling it with its own...

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9. Logic

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pp. 180-203

Hegel’s entire philosophical doctrine is devoted to an adequate exposition of the essence of Divinity and to a description of that creative path that is accomplished by the Substance of Divine Meaning. This path is a path of continuous ascent and self- enrichment...

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10. The Universe

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pp. 204-224

Among the problems that a historian of metaphysical doctrines must deal with, the problem of the “coming into being of the world” occupies a special place.a The great transition from the “absolute” and “infinite” to the relative and finite, clothed in the living form...

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11. On Actuality

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pp. 225-242

Hegel’s philosophy finds its fate in the necessity of accepting what is unacceptable for its fundamental vision and creed. To reject the empirical world does not mean to transform it into nothing: it remains immediately present for the most sharp-sighted and objective philosophical...

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12. The Shapes of the World

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pp. 243-262

The philosophical receptiona of the world can consist neither in rebelliously convicting the world of “lying in wickedness” (Plato) nor in an enthusiastic depiction of its supposed perfection (Leibniz). A doctrine of the world must first of all be objective. In response to the summons of...

Bibliographic Appendix

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pp. 263-297

Table of Page Equivalents for the Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion

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pp. 299-301


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pp. 303-305

E-ISBN-13: 9780810162556
Print-ISBN-13: 9780810126084
Print-ISBN-10: 0810126087

Page Count: 402
Publication Year: 2010

Edition: New
Volume Title: 1

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Subject Headings

  • God -- History of doctrines -- 19th century.
  • Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, 1770-1831 -- Religion.
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