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Mixed Methods Research

Exploring the Interactive Continuum

Carolyn S. Ridenour and Isadore Newman

Publication Year: 2008

Published by: Southern Illinois University Press


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p. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright, Quote

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pp. 2-7


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pp. vii-9


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pp. ix-x

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pp. xi-xii

Qualitative and quantitative research strategies and their underlying presuppositions have been increasingly debated since the early 1980s as though one or the other should eventually emerge as superior. We reject the dichotomy assumed by this debate. We address the growing popularity of the mixed methods research paradigm as one that most usefully assumes research as a qualitative-quantitative ...

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1. Qualitative-Quantitative Research

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pp. 1-15

The research question initiates any research study. The research question is fundamental, much more fundamental than the para-digm (qualitative or quantitative) to which a researcher feels allegiance. In social and behavioral sciences, qualitative research is usually holistic, uncontrolled, exploratory, and carried out for purposes of understand-ing meaning. Quantitative research generally uses measured variables ...

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2. The Qualitative-Quantitative Research Continuum

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pp. 16-34

Until the 1970s, any discussion of research methods presented them as dichotomized categories, either quantitative or qualitative. The two paradigms had been assumed to be polar opposites and, among some researchers, even separate and distinct scientific absolutes. Despite the strong historical roots of this dichotomy, an appreciation for mixed methods research has grown over the past two decades (Creswell, 2005;...

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3. Validity and Trustworthiness of Research

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pp. 35-66

Validity is the truth value of a research study and, therefore, a central concern for all researchers. In their most recent qualitative research handbook, Denzin and Lincoln (2005) define important contemporary research issues, and, unsurprisingly, they claim, “An important topic may be one that is widely debated (or hotly contested)—validity is one that the studies are valid, that they have led to truthful outcomes. ...

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4. Strategies to Enhance Validity and Trustworthiness

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pp. 67-90

Research design is made up of the methods one selects to carry out the study. The methods implement the design—the focus of chapter 3. The discussion of legitimacy of design continues by focusing in this chapter on the qualitative paradigm. Although ways to mitigate threats to the validity of quantitative research are well recognized, ways to mitigate threats to qualitative research are not universally accepted ...

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5. Applying the Qualitative-Quantitative Interactive Continuum

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pp. 91-108

This chapter begins with procedures that can be used in critiquing research, with actual examples of research published in the disci-plines of education and counseling, contextualizing them within the The process of critiquing each study involves assessing the methods the researchers use; the methods are presented in figure 3. The totality of the “methods” we call the design. When critiquing a published study, ...

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6. “Science” and a Search for Principles of Practice in Mixed Methods

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pp. 109-118

The validity in quantitative research is well established; the validity in qualitative research has been subject to long and thorough dis-cussion, and the validity of mixed methods research has only recently begun to provoke serious consideration. For all three paradigms, we argue that consistency among the research purposes, research question, and research methods is the answer to the validity question. Validity (or ...

Appendix A

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pp. 119-122

Appendix B

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pp. 123-129

Appendix C

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pp. 130-142

Appendix D

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pp. 143-159

Appendix E

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pp. 160-175

Appendix F

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pp. 176-178


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pp. 179-182


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pp. 183-190


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pp. 191-202


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pp. 203-209

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Author Bios, Back Cover

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pp. 210-226

Carolyn S. Ridenour is a professor in the Department of Educational Leadership at the University of Dayton, where she regularly teaches qualitative and quantitative research methodology courses and directs doctoral dissertations...

E-ISBN-13: 9780809387151
E-ISBN-10: 0809387158
Print-ISBN-13: 9780809327799
Print-ISBN-10: 0809387158

Page Count: 224
Illustrations: 10
Publication Year: 2008