The Chickamauga Campaign
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: Southern Illinois University Press
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As the editor of this series, I take pleasure in expressing my gratitude for the kind assistance of several people who in various ways have aided in the production of this volume and helped to make this series possible. The idea for the series was the brainchild of professors Jason�M. Frawley, Charles Grear, and David Slay. In addition, Grear is not only an assistant professor ...
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The Battle of Chickamauga was the largest and bloodiest battle in the Civil War’s decisive western theater. It was the first major victory won by the Confederacy’s hard-luck Army of Tennessee, and yet the battle was barren of results for its winners. The campaign represented the culmination of long-debated concepts of concentrating Confederate strength against the Union’s Army of the Cumberland in quest of a decisive victory, but when ...
1. In the Shadow of the Rock: Thomas L. Crittenden, Alexander M. McCook, and the 1863 Campaigns for Middle and East Tennessee
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In histories of the great campaign that culminated in the September 1863 Battle of Chickamauga, discussion of the role the Army of the Cumberland’s corps commanders played in shaping its course and outcome has understandably been dominated by the performance of Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas. From the time Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans assumed command in October 1862...
2. “In Their Dreams”: Braxton Bragg, Thomas C. Hindman, and the Abortive Attack in McLemore’s Cove
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During September 10 and 11, 1863, the Confederate Army of Tennessee had the opportunity to attack an isolated segment of William S. Rosecrans’s Union Army of the Cumberland, striking it in front and flank with overwhelming force and cutting oﬀ its retreat. The potential existed to cripple Rosecrans’s army, leaving its three sundered corps unable to support each other against the centrally positioned Confederate force. Yet the...
3. The Censure of D. H. Hill: Daniel Harvey Hill and the Chickamauga Campaign
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On July 13, 1863, as Maj. Gen. Daniel Harvey Hill evaluated the eﬀects of the Confederacy’s summer campaigns from his headquarters east of Richmond, Virginia, he focused his attention on a group of riders galloping from the direction of the Confederate capital. Dressed in a plain gray suit, President Jeﬀerson Davis led the entourage. Davis dismounted, congratulated Hill on his recent defense of Richmond, and explained the reason for his ...
4. A. P. Stewart at Chickamauga
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The Battle of Chickamauga was the only victory of the ill-starred Army of Tennessee. It was a vicious, chaotic, and hard-fought battle in a thick old-growth forest that was only occasionally broken by a cedar glade or a poor farmer’s field that had been cut out of the surrounding hardwood timber. For three days in September of 1863, the Confederate Army of Tennessee would fight the Federal Army of the Cumberland...
5. “A Minute Now Is Worth an Hour Tomorrow”: Cleburne’s Night Attack
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As the September sun began to set in the west, the men of Major General Pat Cleburne’s division approached the freezing water of Chickamauga Creek and began to pull oﬀ their boots in preparation for the crossing. With the sounds of battle ahead and impressed with a sense of urgency, Cleburne called out to them: “Boys, go through that river, we can’t wait!” With this exhortation, the men splashed through the waist-deep cold water, holding ...
6. Bull of the Woods?: James Longstreet at Chickamauga
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One of the best-known Confederate general oﬃcers in the American Civil War is James Longstreet, “Lee’s old war horse.” His fame stems from his substantial record in the eastern theater of the conflict and the postwar controversy revolving around his role in the Battle of Gettysburg on 2–3 July 1863. Long reviled in Confederate historiography, Longstreet has enjoyed a renaissance in assessments of his performance for the last several ...
7. Negley at Horseshoe Ridge: September 20, 1863
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Union Major General James S. Negley was uneasy. The time was 11:00 a.m. on September 20, 1863, the second day of the battle of Chickamauga. Due to tactical emergencies elsewhere, his command, the 2nd Division, 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, had largely been taken from him and dispatched to other points of the line. Now he was assigned a position on a high, open ridge, left with only one of his three infantry brigades,...
8. Henry Van Ness Boynton and Chickamauga: The Pillars of the Modern Military Park Movement
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The two veterans were obviously moved at the sight on that beautiful summer Sunday in 1888. Having fought at the Civil War battlefield of Chickamauga some twenty-five years earlier, these two ageing men were here remembering, reflecting, and rejoicing. The trees had just put on their newly grown leaves and the landscape almost sang with peace and tranquility. Then, the two old soldiers passed a small church, from which they heard “the voice ...
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The area west of the Appalachian Mountains, known in Civil War parlance as “the West,” has always stood in the shadow of the more famous events on the other side of the mountains, the eastern theater, where even today hundreds of thousands visit the storied Virginia battlefields. Nevertheless, a growing number of Civil War historians believe that the outcome of the war ...
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Page Count: 192
Illustrations: 3 maps
Publication Year: 2010