Confederate General John G. Walker's History of the Civil War West of the Mississippi
Publication Year: 2013
While a political refugee in London, former Confederate general John G. Walker wrote a history of the Civil War west of the Mississippi River. Walker's account, composed shortly after the war and unpublished until now, remains one of only two memoirs by high-ranking Confederate officials who fought in the Trans-Mississippi theater. Edited and expertly annotated by Richard Lowe -- author of the definitive history of Walker's Texas division -- the general's insightful narrative describes firsthand his experience and many other military events west of the great river.
Before assuming command of a division of Texas infantry in early 1863, Walker earned the approval of Robert E. Lee for his leadership at the Battle of Antietam. Indeed, Lee later expressed regret at the transfer of Walker from the Army of Northern Virginia to the Trans-Mississippi Department. As the leader of the Texas Division (known later as the Greyhound Division for its long, rapid marches across Louisiana and Arkansas), Walker led an attempt to relieve the great Confederate fortress at Vicksburg during the siege by the Federal army in the spring and summer of 1863. Ordered to attack Ulysses Grant's forces on the west bank of the Mississippi River near Vicksburg, Walker unleashed a furious assault on black and white Union troops stationed at Milliken's Bend, Louisiana. The encounter was only the second time in American history that organized regiments of African American troops fought in a pitched battle. After the engagement, Walker realized the great potential of black regiments for the Union cause.
Walker's Texans later fought at the battle of Bayou Bourbeau in south Louisiana, where they helped to turn back a Federal attempt to attack Texas via an overland route from New Orleans. In the winter of 1863--1864, Walker's infantry and artillery disrupted Union shipping on the Mississippi River. According to Lowe, the Greyhound Division's crucial role in throwing back the Union's 1864 Red River Campaign remains its greatest accomplishment. Walker led his men on a marathon operation in which they marched about nine hundred miles and fought three large battles in ten weeks, a feat unmatched by any other division -- Union or Confederate -- in the war. General Walker's history stands as a testament to his skilled leadership and provides an engaging primary source document for scholars, students, and others interested in Civil War history.
Published by: Louisiana State University Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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While doing research in the 1990s for a history of John G. Walker’s ment that had been examined by previous researchers but was not sissippi River. General Walker himself, shortly after the conflict ended, had written a history of the war in the Trans-Mississippi Department. Considering that Confederate generals in that region ...
EDITOR'S INTRODUCTION: The General and His History
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When Walt Whitman wrote in 1882 that “the real war will never get in the books,” he could not have known that, over the next cen-published. And in the following thirty years, thousands more vol-tail and from almost every conceivable angle, have poured out of the publishing houses. In addition to new biographies, battle stud-...
Original Title Page
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Mrs. Walker’s Preface
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This partial history of the campaigns of the Trans-Mississippi De-partment was written by my husband the late Gen. Major- General For the first two years of the war he fought under Genl Lee in the capture of Harper’s Ferry occupying Loudoun Heights, & then took part in the battle of Sharpsburg. After this engagement he ...
CHAPTER 1. [No chapter title]
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In order to afford the reader a clearer understanding of the events of the last three years of the war, west of the Mississippi, it will be holding states of Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky, and Tennes-see, and deeply sympathizing with the people of those states in their war against abolitionism, were yet so strongly attached to ...
CHAPTER 2. Operations in the Trans-Mississippi States in 1862
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In the early Spring of this year the Federal Army, twenty thousand tion from St. Louis for the invasion of Arkansas via South Western Missouri.1 Price, who during the winter had occupied that portion of the latter State, with his headquarters at Springfield, rapidly fell back into Arkansas at the approach of Curtis, until uniting ...
CHAPTER 3. Military Operations West of the Mississippi during the Year 1864
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To enable the reader more clearly to understand what follows it will [be] useful to bear in mind the strength and relative situation of the Federal and Confederate armies at the opening of the season for active operations in the Spring of ’64. As has already been said Gen. Franklin [should be Frederick] Steele occupied Little Rock ...
CHAPTER 4. The Arkansas Campaign and the Battle of the Saline
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Leaving Gen. Banks to pursue his retreat, followed by the dimin-ished forces of Gen. Taylor, let us turn our attention in another di-rection. Gen. Steele was still at Camden, in ignorance of the defeat of Banks, but such was the condition of the roads and the failing strength of his draft animals upon which he depended to bring his ...
CHAPTER 5. The Federal Evacuation of Red River Valley
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We left General Taylor in pursuit of Banks’ flying and demoral-that resulted in its expulsion from the valley of the Red River. With war vessels, and another of transports, that Gen. Banks no longer the extent to which demoralization and panic existed in his army. to shake the sturdiness even of veterans, but the effect was height-...
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Page Count: 152
Illustrations: 8 maps
Publication Year: 2013