From Fort Marion to Fort Sill
A Documentary History of the Chiricahua Apache Prisoners of War, 1886-1913
Publication Year: 2013
From 1886 to 1913, hundreds of Chiricahua Apache men, women, and children lived and died as prisoners of war in Florida, Alabama, and Oklahoma. Their names, faces, and lives have long been forgotten by history, and for nearly one hundred years these individuals have been nothing more than statistics in the history of the United States’ tumultuous war against the Chiricahua Apache.
Based on extensive archival research, From Fort Marion to Fort Sill offers long-overdue documentation of the lives and fate of many of these people. This outstanding reference work provides individual biographies for hundreds of the Chiricahua Apache prisoners of war, including those originally classified as POWs in 1886, infants who lived only a few days, children removed from families and sent to Indian boarding schools, and second-generation POWs who lived well into the twenty-first century. Their biographies are often poignant and revealing, and more than sixty previously unpublished photographs give a further glimpse of their humanity.
This masterful documentary work, based on the unpublished research notes of former Fort Sill historian Gillett Griswold, at last brings to light the lives and experiences of hundreds of Chiricahua Apaches whose story has gone untold for too long.
Published by: University of Nebraska Press
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Gillett Griswold, director of the U.S. Army Field Artillery Museum from 1954 to 1979, accepted the position when the museum consisted of one building at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. By the time he retired his contribution to the museum complex had been significant: it consisted of twenty-six buildings, including eight exhibit buildings, and eleven sites listed in the ...
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I am grateful to many people whose help is appreciated and I would like to recognize them. Two people in particular, Edwin R. Sweeney and Mir-I met Ed in 1987 at Cañon de los Embudos, Sonora, Mexico, the site where the Chiricahuas negotiated their surrender terms in March 1886, a fortuitous place to begin an extraordinary journey into all things Chir-...
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When Gillett Griswold compiled “The Fort Sill Apaches: Their Vital Sta-tistics, Tribal Origins, Antecedents,” during 1958–61, the survivors and descendants of that people were mostly living in two widely separated locations: the area around Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and the Mescalero Apache Neither of these places was their historical homeland, which lay west ...
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Aaitsa; Aanitsa; Aanitsao; Frank Ahnitsa; Ahnitza; Georgia Aanitsa.He was Dahahtsozhn’s brother, Beshadé’s husband, and Susie Aan-itso’s father. He was enrolled in Carlisle on April 30, 1887 as “Borgia Aanitsa, age 10, height 4'8½", weight 88, mother living, father dead.” He was assigned to work for Samuel Smith of Holicong, Pennsylvania, ...
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A widowed sister of Chatto (Alfred), Bahnahtsi lived in Chatto’s vil-Bahnahtsi attended the 1898 Trans Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha, Nebraska. Among the 400–500 American Indian participants in the Indian Congress were twenty-two selected Chirica-hua prisoners of war. Being under military control, they were housed ...
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...ried Martine (Charles); they had seven children: Bertha, Martha, June, Roscoe, Norma, Jessie, and George Martine. She settled at Mescalero. According to Hampton records of her oldest son, Charles Martine Jr., His Apache name was Goyelis; he was Eskkellain’s son and related to Norma Nahstlee. He was enrolled in Carlisle on April 30, 1887, as ...
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Probably “Askaecha,” listed in Kaahteney’s band in 1884 as a single sixteen-year-old. Dahkeya surrendered in March 1886 with Chihua-hua’s group. He married Lulu Geronimo; their children were Joe, Nina, and Thomas Dahkeya. Mike Dahkeya died on April 21, 1899 [nw5082].2A son of Lulu Geronimo and Dahkeya (Mike), Joe died on April 26, ...
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He was enrolled in Carlisle on April 30, 1887, as “Alfred Eateh, orphan, age 10, height 4'6", weight 75, Indian name ‘E-at-eh.’” He was assigned to E. Livezey of Buckmanville, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, June 23–Sep-tember 15, 1888. Discharged from school on March 2, 1892, due to ill health, Alfred was sent to Mount Vernon, where he died on April 13, 1901.1...
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...(David) and a sister of Kenoi (Samuel); for half-siblings see Agnes Fatty; and she was a cousin of Kaywaykla. Major William Sinclair, commander of Company H, 5th Infantry, at Mount Vernon named her after his wife, Teachers there were especially fond of Daisy’s “innate and natural refinement.” Once she was asked about her father and “home influ-...
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Garditha was probably born around 1876. He was Robert Gooday’s uncle and related to Charlotte Losahnne. An orphan, he was one of three children, Charlotte among them, who surrendered with Naiche and Geronimo in September 1886. At that time he was thought to be He was enrolled in Carlisle on November 4, 1886 as “Eric Gatay, ...
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Hahdunkey was related to Kaywaykla. She married Perico; they had two children. In the spring of 1887 Hahdunkey opted to join Perico at Fort Pickens while prisoners at Fort Marion were preparing for trans-Her Apache name Haozinne means “standing up straight like a tree.” She was a daughter of Ugohun and Beshe, full sister of Tahdiskess, and ...
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She was enrolled in Carlisle on April 30, 1887, as “Henrietta Iadista.” Discharged on October 16, 1889, she was sent Alabama, where she likely She was enrolled in Carlisle on April 30, 1887 as “Maggie Iahanetha, father dead, mother living, age 12, height 4'7", weight 87.” She died of Her Apache name Ihtedda means “young girl.” One of Geronimo’s later ...
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The mother of Stephen Kyzha, Jago died on April 28, 1899 [sw5018].1Her name Jahkenishishn means “black girl.” She was the daughter of Nastihdeh and Ettsohnn (Bonita). Her full siblings were Fun (Larry), Tsisnah, and Jozhe (Benedict) and she was half-sibling to Perico. She was a great granddaughter of Mahko and first cousin of Ahnandia, ...
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Kaahtennae; Kaahtenny; Kaatenney; Kaetena; Kaetenna; Kahahtenai; Kaahtonai; Kantenné; Kantinno; Kayatennae; Looking Glass; Cartridges was a nephew of Konthlekizh and was related to Chihuahua, perhaps through one of Chihuahua’s earlier wives. A prominent warrior, Kaaht-eney was a major figure of considerable authority and influence among ...
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Her Apache name Lagadasihn means “looking through something.” She was the mother of Yahbeclothlay (Henry), and a wife of Baykath-Astsinastay; Blind Tom; Lahtsebaste; Lahtsinasty; Lanxzinasxy; Thomas Lahtsenaste was Bezhahun’s brother and was listed in Naiche’s band as “Sat-sin-ustua, age 24, height 5'9", single,” and having a light com-...
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Nothing is remembered about this man, who died in 1909 [ne5243].1gado was a survivor of Tres Castillos. He was listed in Nana’s band as “Ah-ga-doh, age 40, height 5'8", married.” He enlisted as a scout in Nana’s band who did not participate in the May 1885 breakout. Dis-charged at Fort Bowie on October 23, 1885, Mahgado was reenlisted as ...
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She was enrolled in Carlisle on April 30, 1887, as “Susie Nachekea, father dead, mother living, age 12, height 4'6", weight 82.” Susie died of An orphan enrolled in Carlisle on April 30, 1887, as “Virginia Nahaklo, age 16, height 5', weight 130.” She was assigned to work for Mr. L. Mar-tindell of Colora, Maryland, May 1–September 29, 1889. She was dis-...
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A daughter of Ihzeh, Oskissay was a full sister of David Kazhe and half-sister of Morgan Kazhe. Oskissay married Tissnolthtos; they had six children. At Fort Sill she lived in Naiche’s village at Four Mile Cross-A daughter of Nahkeshahn and a full sister of Mahgado, Ototie mar-ried Nahnalzhuggi; they had no remembered children. Ototie settled ...
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He was enrolled in Carlisle on November 4, 1886, as “Godfrey Pal-atchay, father and mother living, age 13, height 4'11½", weight 96, Indian name Pa-lat-chay, home address ‘Pe-tee-san.’” He was assigned to J. H. Satterchwaite of Oxford Valley, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, May 3–September 15, 1888. Although terminally ill by the fall of 1888, he was ...
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...prior to 1886 he was a principal informant for Captain John Bourke’s ethnological studies of Chiricahua and Warm Springs Apaches. Ramon was listed in Loco’s band in 1880 as “Ra-mone,” with a four dependents, and was listed again in Loco’s band in 1884, as “Ramon, a married man, age 48, height 5'5½".” He enlisted as a scout in Company F on March ...
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His parents were Coshey and Tom (Chiricahua), and his full siblings were Horace Yahnahki and Hettie Tom. Sago married Alice Longfel-low; they had two children, Harold and Rufus Sago. Sago died on July A son of Alice Longfellow and Sago (Jim), Harold was a half-brother of Hugh Chee’s children, Parker, Theodore, and Menola Chee. He died ...
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She was an older sister of Effie Zaienah, a niece of Gonahsin, and related to Guyan. Taayzslath married Geronimo and they had two chil-Taayzslath stated in an interview conducted by Captain Emmet Craw-ford on April 1, 1884, that in the spring of 1883 she and twenty-two women and children and “one large boy” were taken prisoner after ...
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Her Apache name Uahteen means “got no teeth.” She was possibly a sister of Bashdelehi. Uahteen died on October 16, 1897 [s5459].1Ugohun was Zhonne’s mother; her husband’s name is not recalled. She later married Beshe; their children were Haozinne and Tahdiskess. Haozinne was Naiche’s third and last wife; Tahdiskess married Toois-...
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Calico and red flannel cloth were issued to the prisoners to make cloth-ing; missionaries in Alabama assumed that children without clothing were motherless. One morning a missionary asked a man why his son wore a single and very soiled garment. He disappeared, then returned carrying some unused cloth. “By gesture he conveyed his wife was dead ...
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Yahbeclothlay was Lagadasihn and Baykathenn’s son and was not related to Alice Longfellow. Henry died on May 15, 1899 [se5201].1Yahnahke; Yahnaki; Yuhnahka; Horace Tom; Horace Yahnahki; Yeinka.hill,” referring to the white-muslin-shirted Mexicans whose bodies lay scattered on a hillside after an attack by the Apaches. He was a son of ...
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A daughter of Yuan, she was enrolled in Carlisle on December 8, 1886, as “Penelope Zaen, father dead, mother living, age 16, height 5'1", weight 97, home address Yu-en (mother).” She died of tuberculosis on Zahnah was a sister or half-sister of Mangigan. She had one child, Nahtalish, father unknown. Her second husband was Spitty; they had ...
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Page Count: 432
Illustrations: 70 Images, 3 Maps
Publication Year: 2013