From Homeland to New Land
A History of the Mahican Indians, 1600-1830
Publication Year: 2013
This history of the Mahicans begins with the appearance of Europeans on the Hudson River in 1609 and ends with the removal of these Native people to Wisconsin in the 1830s. Marshaling the methods of history, ethnology, and archaeology, William A. Starna describes as comprehensively as the sources allow the Mahicans while in their Hudson and Housatonic Valley homeland; after their consolidation at the praying town of Stockbridge, Massachusetts; and following their move to Oneida country in central New York at the end of the Revolution and their migration west.
The emphasis throughout this book is on describing and placing into historical context Mahican relations with surrounding Native groups: the Munsees of the lower Hudson, eastern Iroquoians, and the St. Lawrence and New England Algonquians. Starna also examines the Mahicans’ interactions with Dutch, English, and French interlopers. The first and most transformative of these encounters was with the Dutch and the trade in furs, which ushered in culture change and the loss of Mahican lands. The Dutch presence, along with the new economy, worked to unsettle political alliances in the region that, while leading to new alignments, often engendered rivalries and war. The result is an outstanding examination of the historical record that will become the definitive work on the Mahican people from the colonial period to the Removal Era.
Published by: University of Nebraska Press
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List of Illustrations
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I would like to thank James Bradley, José António Brandão, Col-David Silverman, who read drafts of various chapters, and in Ei-enced here were translated by Corinna Dally-Starna. Christopher see, and Connecticut Valley history and ethnology. The staff at ten Cella. Kate Simeon assisted in preparing the illustrations. I ...
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This is a story, one of the many that has been or could be told the accepted fi rst contact with European interlopers and ending cis Jennings has put it, the goal for historians should be to open the fi eld rather than attempt to close it.1 The focus here is in-of which are fi rmly rooted in historical context. Thus, the fi rst ...
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All I know of my ancestors commences with the fi rst emigrant from Holland who came over in 1633 [sic], and settled in what is now Rens-In May 1631 one Cornelis Maesen van Buijrmaelsen sailed for New the patroon, Kiliaen van Rensselaer, to serve as a farm laborer for a period of three years. At the end of his contract he returned ...
1. Landscape and Environment
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...titudes that have contemplated its expanse, sailed its waters, or they appear as sketches of the early exploits of adventurers and low; or speak to the creation and administration of fi rst the col-ony and then the state of New York. And assuredly, there is all lected works are widely considered to represent the fi rst wholly ...
2. Natives on the Land
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English, but earlier Basques, Portuguese, and Italians — on the coast and soon thereafter in the interior of northeastern North appropriate, it is the rare history that does not provide something the tales might be. Because of the scattered, cursory, and often adumbrated nature of the accounts left by sailors, soldiers, and ...
3. Mahican Places
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Archaeological sites refl ecting contact and postcontact period Na-tive lifeways in the upper Hudson Valley, while present in some over, descriptions of artifact assemblages, along with settlement and subsistence data, in the few instances where they have been ing something of this inattention is the fact that there is but a ...
4. Native Neighbors
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...saded, and densely populated villages, situated on hilltops and low terraces adjacent to the Mohawk River, were confi ned to an area that extended just under forty miles along a narrow east to ture, evidenced by extensive fi elds of corn, beans, and squashes planted on the river’s fertile fl ats, mandated a commitment to ...
5. The Ethnographic Past
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Dutch arrived either had previous fi rsthand encounters with Eu-ropeans or were well aware of their presence in nearby regions, in particular, the St. Lawrence Valley. To what degree these ex-societies at this early date is unknown. In the absence of a writ-ten language, their histories were undoubtedly recalled through ...
6. The Mahicans and the Dutch
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...1609. Although the record is meager, the fi rst vessel known to be dispatched to engage in the fur trade in what would be called New Netherland was the St. Pieter out of Amsterdam in 1611. Its In 1613–14 the company sent out the Fortuyn, whose crew would utary that today marks the southern limit of the city of Albany. ...
7. The Mahican Homeland
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Establishing the extent — the boundaries — of the Mahican home-land at contact, and for the period of these Indians’ occupancy rons, is a task fraught with diffi culties. The basis for the earli-lacks an explicit statement on sources. Those that followed are offers no evidence for the boundaries it describes. More recent ...
8. A Century of Mahican History
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In the beginning of this year , war broke out between the tled towards the north by the Fresh [Connecticut] River, so called; This excerpt from Van Wassenaer’s Historisch Verhael offers the village.1 It remains, however, that there is nothing to establish themselves, it is impossible to securely identify the location or ...
9. Stockbridge and Its Companions
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...ic Valleys. A small number, it is generally believed, resided at these Indians to seek shelter elsewhere in the region. Although there is little direct evidence that at the turn of the eighteenth tional core of their homeland, the continued sales of lands there there. Even so, a hamlet of these Indians was reported to be on ...
10. New Stockbridge and Beyond
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...assert its claims of jurisdiction over Indian lands west of the 1768 line of property. It fi rst called for a council with the Iro-cas. However, much to the state’s disappointment, the council accomplished little.1 That October, over the strong objections of hostile nations, also at Fort Stanwix, where the “Treaty with the ...
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The system of removing the Indians west of the Mississippi, com-menced by Mr. Jefferson in 1804, has been steadily persevered in by every succeeding President, and may be considered the settled Stipulations have been made with all the Indian tribes to remove them beyond the Mississippi, except with the bands of the Wyandots, the Six ...
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Page Count: 336
Illustrations: 2 illustrations, 11 maps
Publication Year: 2013