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Celebrating Insurrection

The Commemoration and Representation of the Nineteenth-Century Mexican Pronunciamiento

Will Fowler

Publication Year: 2013

Published by: University of Nebraska Press

Title Page

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pp. vii-xi

This book is about revolutions and fiestas. To be more specific, it is about a very particular kind of revolution: the nineteenth-century Mexican pronunciamiento, and how this intriguing insurrectionary practice was celebrated at the time and commemorated thereafter. It is also concerned with how the pronunciamiento was...

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pp. xiii-xv

In June 2007 I was the recipient of a major Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) research grant amounting to more than £610,000, which funded the three-year project on “The Pronunciamiento in Independent Mexico, 1821–1876” (2007–2010). It paid for the salaries of two research fellows and a database...

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Introduction: The Damned and the Venerated: The Memory, Commemoration, and Representation of the Nineteenth-Century Mexican Pronunciamiento

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pp. xvii-xlii

After watching Memorias de un mexicano (1950), the extraordinary documentary Carmen Toscano produced with the footage from her father’s historical archive, one is left with the vivid impression that in Mexico the passing of time was punctuated by the regular eruption of revolutions and the authorities...

Chronology of Main Events and Pronunciamientos,1821–1910

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pp. xliii-lvi

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1. The Memory and Representation of Rafael del Riego’s Pronunciamiento in Constitutional New Spain and within the Iturbide Movement, 1820–1821

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pp. 1-27

On Thursday 1 June 1820 the Gaceta del Gobierno de México reproduced the Count of Venadito Viceroy Juan Ruiz de Apodaca’s decree, issued in Mexico City the previous day, announcing the reintroduction of the 1812 Constitution in what was then still New Spain. It would be as a result of this...

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2. The Damned Man with the Venerated Plan: The Complex Legacies of Agustín de Iturbide and the Iguala Plan

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pp. 28-49

In February of 1821 Agustín de Iturbide, a Mexican-born military officer at the head of thousands of troops loyal to the Spanish crown, issued the Iguala Plan, a schematic for achieving Mexican independence. The document is composed of two dozen articles that proclaimed Mexico’s freedom from external...

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3. Refrescos, Iluminaciones, and Te Deums: CelebratingPronunciamientos in Jalisco in 1823 and 1832

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pp. 50-73

When, on 1 March 1823, Miguel Ignacio Castellano, the military commander of Tepic, Nueva Galicia, seconded the Plan of Jalisco drafted in the provincial capital of Guadalajara, he marched his officers straight to the municipal buildings, where the city council was in session, to arrange...

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4. The Political Life of Executed Pronunciados: The Representation and Memory of José Márquez and Joaquín Gárate’s 1830 Pronunciamiento of San Luis

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pp. 74-92

As was the norm for the majority of successful pronunciamientos in San Luis Potosí, they ended in celebratory acts which included Te Deums, ceremonial lighting of the streets, and repiques, the pealing of church bells. Indeed it is the political importance of post-pronunciamiento fiestas and...

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5. Memory and Manipulation: The Lost Cause of the Santiago Imán Pronunciamiento

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pp. 93-113

The Santiago Imán pronunciamiento of 1836–40 was the most significant and exceptional pronunciamiento in Yucatecan history. The year of 1835 had seen the demise of the federal system in both Yucatán and Mexico, with the establishment of a much more stringent and controlling...

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6. Salvas, Cañonazos, y Repiques: Celebrating the Pronunciamiento during the U.S.-Mexican War

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pp. 114-151

Recent research has shed light on the ways Mexican regimes made use of public spectacles to legitimize the government and attempt to turn former Spanish colonists and ensuing generations of Mexicans into citizens of the new nation in the aftermath of independence, but historians have yet to fully...

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7. Contemporary Verdicts on the Pronunciamiento during the Early National Period

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pp. 152-175

In his 1851 book Porvenir de México, Luis G. Cuevas, a lawyer who was foreign minister six times as well as minister for Mexican affairs in both the United States and Great Britain, declared: “There is almost no discussion, private talk or article in the press that does not concern the causes of our ills, the...

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8. The Crumbling of a “Hero”: Ignacio Comonfort from Ayutla to Tacubaya

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pp. 176-200

In El Libro Rojo, published between 1870 and 1871, Manuel Payno addressed the figure of Ignacio Comonfort, pointing out that it was not his intention to write a biography but only “the familiar memories of some of the most striking features of a man who, in any case, would have to be taken into account in our...

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9. Porfirio Díaz and the Representations of the Second of April

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pp. 201-227

On 9 March 1867 Porfirio Díaz rebelled against Maximilian of Habsburg and placed the city of Puebla under siege. On hearing that Leonardo Márquez and his imperial troops were approaching to free the besieged city, Díaz decided to attack, and Puebla surrendered to him on...

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10. Juan Bustamante’s Pronunciamiento and the Civic Speeches That Condemned It: San Luis Potosí, 1868–1869

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pp. 228-246

In the 1860s social groups in Mexico coexisted in the midst of intense disputes to control the political sphere. Divisions and fighting arose from the hub of the various political parties as members and followers sought to define the kind of government they believed the nation should adopt. The conservatives and...

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11. “As Empty a Piece of Gasconading Stuff as I Ever Read”: The Pronunciamiento through Foreign Eyes

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pp. 247-272

The purpose of this final essay is to explore how the pronunciamiento phenomenon was represented in the writings of foreigners who visited Mexico during what Stanley Payne defined (for Spain) as the “era of the pronunciamiento.” Complementing Melissa Boyd’s review in chapter 7 of the...


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pp. 273-297


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pp. 299-303

E-ISBN-13: 9780803244863
E-ISBN-10: 080324486X
Print-ISBN-13: 9780803225411

Page Count: 360
Illustrations: 1 chronology
Publication Year: 2013

Research Areas


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Subject Headings

  • Revolutions -- Mexico -- History -- 19th century.
  • Mexico -- History -- 19th century.
  • Political violence -- Mexico -- History -- 19th century.
  • Political culture -- Mexico -- History -- 19th century.
  • Government, Resistance to -- Mexico -- History -- 19th century.
  • Legitimacy of governments -- Mexico -- History -- 19th century.
  • Collective memory -- Mexico.
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