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Transnational Crossroads

Remapping the Americas and the Pacific

Camilla Fojas

Publication Year: 2012

The twentieth century was a time of unprecedented migration and interaction for Asian, Latin American, and Pacific Islander cultures in the Americas and the American Pacific. Some of these ethnic groups already had historic ties, but technology, migration, and globalization during the twentieth century brought them into even closer contact. Transnational Crossroads explores and triangulates for the first time the interactions and contacts among these three cultural groups that were brought together by the expanding American empire from 1867 to 1950.

Through a comparative framework, this volume weaves together narratives of U.S. and Spanish empire, globalization, resistance, and identity, as well as social, labor, and political movements. Contributors examine multiethnic celebrities and key figures, migratory paths, cultural productions, and social and political formations among these three groups. Engaging multiple disciplines and methodologies, these studies of Asian American, Latin American, and Pacific Islander cultural interactions explode traditional notions of ethnic studies and introduce new approaches to transnational and comparative studies of the Americas and the American Pacific.

Published by: University of Nebraska Press

Title Page

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Copyright Page

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pp. vii-ix

List of Illustrations

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pp. x

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pp. 1-30

Transnational Crossroads explores the contact among Asian, Latina/o, and Pacific Islander cultures and communities in the Americas and the American Pacific that is apparent in key figures, migratory paths...

Part 1: The End of Empire: Spanish and U.S. Imperialism

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pp. 31-118

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1. Postcolonial Im/migration and Transnational Activist Practices: Filipino American and U.S. Puerto Rican Performance Poet Activism

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pp. 33-56

On August 5, 2007, Annalisa Enrile, the national chairperson of Gabriela Network, a Philippines-U.S. women’s organization focused on issues concerning Filipinas globally, was prevented from returning to the United States...

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2. Imperial Works: Writing the United States after 1898

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pp. 57-85

At the turn of the nineteenth century, four island nations from different parts of the globe were in constant company in the U.S. press. Though the United States had been gaining territory for years in the Southwest, the acquisitions...

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3. Hawaiian Quilts, Global Domesticities, and Patterns of Counterhegemony

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pp. 87-118

In 1959 the Stearns and Foster Company released a print advertisement for Mountain Mist, its commercial quilt batting.1 While this in itself was not an unusual practice — Mountain Mist had been synonymous with...

Part 2: Comparative Racialization: Trans-American Pacific Racial Formations

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pp. 119-197

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4. Dismantling Privileged Settings: Japanese American Internees and Mexican Braceros at the Crossroads of World War II

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pp. 121-141

Tanforan Assembly Center, a black-and-white photograph by Dorothea Lange, commemorates the first bracero workers as they came into Los Angeles on September 27, 1942, just in time for the sugar beet...

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5. (De)Constructing Multiple Gaps: Divisions and Disparities between Asian Americans and Latina/os in a Los Angeles County High School

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pp. 143-170

While at Southern California High School (SCHS), we frequently heard about “high-performing students,” “low-performing students,” and “the gap,” in reference to an achievement gap determined largely by standardized...

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6. Mabuhay Compañero: Filipinos, Mexicans, and Interethnic Labor Organizing in Hawai‘i and California, 1920s–1940s

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pp. 171-197

Pablo Manlapit, a Filipino labor organizer in Hawai‘i during the 1920s, believed his countrymen deserved a “square deal” while working in Hawai‘i’s sugar plantation system. He and other Filipinos rallied...

Part 3: The American Pacific

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pp. 199-312

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7. Spectacles of Citizenship: Native Hawaiian Sovereignty Gets a Makeover

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pp. 201-228

In October 2006 the Japanese real estate tycoon Genshiro Kawamoto announced that he would “give away” multimillion-dollar houses in a rich O‘ahu suburb to eight “deserving” Native Hawaiian...

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8. From Captain Cook to Captain Kirk, or, From Colonial Exploration to Indigenous Exploitation: Issues of Hawaiian Land, Identity, and Nationhood in a “Postethnic” World

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pp. 229-268

“Eia Hawai‘i, he moku, he kanaka, ke kanaka nui o Hawai‘i e-” (Behold Hawai‘i, an island, a man, a great chief is Hawai‘i indeed).1 Thus begins an ancient oli (chant) from the sixteenth century equating Hawaiian identity with that of the...

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9. Re-archiving Asian Settler Colonialism in a Time of Hawaiian Decolonization, or, Two Walks along Kamehameha Highway

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pp. 269-289

In 1893 the U.S. military aided the overthrow of the last monarch of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i, Queen Lili‘uokalani. A white-dominated oligarchy governed the Hawaiian Republic from 1894 until 1900...

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10. Multitasking Mediators: Intracolonial Leadership in Filipino and Puerto Rican Communities in Hawai‘i, 1900–1928

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pp. 291-312

In 1901 Florentin Souza served as a labor liaison for Puerto Ricans at multiple sugar plantations on the east side of the Island of Hawai‘i. He also worked as a manager for the Hawaiian Business Agency in Hilo, where he handled...

Part 4: Crossroads of American Migration

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11. The “Yellow Peril” in the United States and Peru: A Transnational History of Japanese Exclusion, 1920s–World War II

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pp. 315-358

The day before the U.S. Congress passed the 1924 Immigration Act, which excluded Asian immigrants and tied immigrant admissions to quotas based on national origin, the San Francisco Examiner made the following...

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12. Crossing Borders, Locating Home: Ethical Responsibility in Karen Tei Yamashita’s Tropic of Orange

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pp. 359-376

The concept of borderlands has garnered much debate in contemporary U.S. cultural representations.1 In Border Matters: Remapping American Cultural Studies, José Saldívar argues for “changing borderland...

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13. Chinese Migration to the Western Hemisphere: Multiraciality, Transgenerational Trauma, and Comparative Studies of the Americas

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pp. 377-402

Recent demographic changes in the Asian population in the United States have posed a serious challenge to academic formations concerned with studying these communities. Especially the concept...

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14. Unequal Transpacific Capital Transfers: Japanese Brazilians and Japanese Americans in Japan

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pp. 403-426

In Japan, nikkeijin refers to the descendants of Japanese emigrants, sometimes including Japanese emigrants themselves. Regardless of the country to which they emigrated, all nikkeijin have a common history...

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15. Ganbateando: The Peruvian Nisei Association and Okinawan Peruvians in Los Angeles

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pp. 427-460

On April 19, 1990, more than five hundred Okinawan and Japanese Peruvians came together in a crowded ballroom in Los Angeles at a fiesta de reencuentro (reunion party) to celebrate the revival of the Peruvian Nisei...


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pp. 461-467


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pp. 469-478

E-ISBN-13: 9780803240889
E-ISBN-10: 0803240880
Print-ISBN-13: 9780803237957

Page Count: 504
Illustrations: 1 illustration
Publication Year: 2012

Research Areas


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Subject Headings

  • United States -- Ethnic relations -- History.
  • Asia -- Relations -- United States -- History.
  • United States -- Relations -- Asia -- History.
  • Latin America -- Relations -- United States -- History.
  • United States -- Relations -- Latin America -- History.
  • Islands of the Pacific -- Relations -- United States -- History.
  • United States -- Relations -- Islands of the Pacific.
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