Opposing Jim Crow
African Americans and the Soviet Indictment of U.S. Racism, 1928-1937
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: University of Nebraska Press
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
List of Illustrations
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Throughout the many years I have been working on this project, diverse people have asked me how I became interested in comparative Soviet and African American history. I always appreciated their curiosity but I could never adequately address the question because . . .
Introduction: The Birth of a Nation
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On December 1, 1958, amidst the Berlin Crisis, U.S. senator Hubert H. Humphrey had an unprecedented eight-hour-long meeting with Nikita Khrushchev in the Kremlin. Humphrey explained afterward that at . . .
1. American Racism on Trial and the Poster Child for Soviet Antiracism
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In an entry to his diary labeled “Stalingrad, August 1930,” William Henry Chamberlin, then the Moscow correspondent for the Christian Science Monitor, recorded that he traveled with his wife to “the . . .
2. “This Is Not Bourgeois America”: Representations of American Racial Apartheid and Soviet Racelessness
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Robert Robinson constituted the “face” of Soviet antiracism, but representations of black Americans’ inclusion in the USSR and the indictment of U.S. racism were not limited to the black toolmaker and the . . .
3. The Scottsboro Campaign: Personalizing American Racismand Speaking Antiracism
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While a black migrant laborer from Detroit became the de facto poster child for Soviet antiracism, in the early 1930s nine black male teenagers from Tennessee became the faces of U.S. racial apartheid. They . . .
4. African American Architects of Soviet Antiracism and the Challenge of Black and White
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African Americans, as the preceding chapters have alluded to, were indispensable to Soviet officials’ and citizens’ efforts to speak antiracism. This chapter closely examines the various ways and venues in . . .
5. The Promises of Soviet Antiracism and the Integration of Moscow’s International Lenin School
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The year before twenty-one African Americans traveled to Moscow to make a film that would indict U.S. racism, the Soviet capital had been the site of a different sort of antiracist experiment. In September 1931 . . .
Epilogue: Circus and Going Softon American Racism
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On nearly every occasion in which the topic of this book was mentioned, scholars of Russian history responded by uttering the title of a 1936 Soviet film: Circus. As the response of these historians suggests, . . .
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Page Count: 360
Illustrations: 7 illustrations
Publication Year: 2012