Of Duty Well and Faithfully Done
A History of the Regular Army in the Civil War
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: University of Nebraska Press
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
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During the Civil War, several Regular Army officers stationed at West Point discussed the lack of national attention the Regular Army had received for its contribution to the war . . .
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The Union Army of the Civil War era was, for all practical purposes, a volunteer organization. As in the Mexican War before and the Spanish-American War after, the . . .
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We are grateful for the assistance of many people, particularly the staff of the U.S. Army Military History Institute at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania. We also wish to thank . . .
The Regular Army on the Eve of the Civil War
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Until well into the twentieth century, the fundamental principle of American military policy was the reliance on militia and Volunteer forces, rather than a large standing army, to . . .
Regular Army Leaders and Personnel
1. Headquarters of the Army
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The combat elements of the small Regular Army of the United States were soon all but forgotten amidst the enormous number of volunteers who rushed to defend the Union, . . .
2. Regular Army Personnel, 1861–1865
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During the Civil War, the Regular Army, which numbered less than 17,000 officers and men on January 1, 1861, expanded significantly but still constituted only a very small fraction of . . .
The Staff Departments
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The Civil War staff departments can be conveniently divided into four major groups. The administrative bureaus included those departments headed by the Adjutant General, . . .
4. The Administrative Departments
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In April 1861 the administration of the U.S. Army was entrusted to the heads of three departments — the adjutant general, the inspector general, and the paymaster general — and . . .
5. Subsistence Department
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During a visit to the Richmond front early in 1865, President Abraham Lincoln told an officer of the Subsistence Department, “Your department we scarcely hear of; it is like a . . .
6. Ordnance Department
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The supply of weapons, ammunition, and related equipment was a significant logistical challenge for both sides in the Civil War, but once again the advantage lay with the North, . . .
7. Quartermaster’s Department
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In the nineteenth century, the Quartermaster’s Department (qmd) fairly claimed the position of primus inter pares.1 Its operations, particularly its transportation operations, supported . . .
8. Medical Department
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The prompt evacuation of the sick and wounded from the battlefield, their effective treatment in field and general hospitals, their comfort and continued care during convalescence . . .
The Army in the Field
9. Transition to War
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In the summer of 1860, Maj. John Sedgwick (USMA 1837) of the 1st Cavalry led four companies from his regiment and two from the 2d Dragoons on an expedition to conduct . . .
10. The Infantry
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The Regular Army had nineteen regiments of infantry during the Civil War. Ten were part of the Army before the war, and nine more were organized in 1861. Significant . . .
11. The Cavalry
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At the beginning of the war, the military leadership of the Union Army had little or no understanding of the potential value of the mounted regiments. Schooled in the European method . . .
12. The Artillery
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When the Civil War began, the Regular Army artillery was far from prepared to fight a large war of maneuver. Thirty batteries were scattered across the West in small, isolated posts, . . .
13. The Fighting Bureaus
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Prior to the Civil War, the Army’s engineer officers were assigned to either the Corps of Engineers or the Corps of Topographical Engineers. Almost all of them were graduates of . . .
Reflections on the Regular Army in the Civil War
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During four years of civil war, the Regular Army of the United States underwent a profound transformation. Its combat elements more than doubled in size and . . .
Appendix: Selected Acts of Congress Pertaining to the Regular Army
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Glossary of Acronyms Used in the Text
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Page Count: 440
Illustrations: 30 illustrations, 1 map, 44 tables, 3 charts, 1 appendix
Publication Year: 2011
Series Title: Studies in War, Society, & the Military