Reflections on Their Changing Society, 1970-2000
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: University of Nebraska Press
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
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The Seminoles were among the pioneers of Indian gaming, and today they own one of the most successful gaming enterprises in the country. The Seminoles are also the most culturally conservative of the South’s Native peoples. They continue to ...
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This book project had its origins many years ago when Dr. Samuel Proctor, then director of the University of Florida Oral History Program (subsequently renamed the Samuel Proctor Oral History Program in his honor), was awarded a grant of $170,935 from the Doris Duke Foundation to help compile an oral history of Indians in the southeastern United States. Beginning in 1971, Dr. Proctor supervised the collection of some 900 interviews with Cherokees, Choctaws, Catawbas, Creeks, and Lumbees. ...
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During three tumultuous decades between 1970 and 2000, the Seminole Tribe of Florida underwent a dramatic transformation that affected virtually every aspect of the people’s lives. Within a little more than one generation the tribe moved from relative obscurity to unimaginable notoriety, primarily as a result of the wealth derived from its highly successful gaming and other business ventures. ...
1. Economic Change
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From 1971 to 1979, the initiation and successful development of such lucrative enterprises as tax-free cigarette stores (known as “smoke shops”) and high-stakes bingo halls dramatically changed the modern economy of the Seminole Indians. The tribe continued to support the older standbys of cattle, tourism, and crafts, but it also encouraged economic diversification by providing both capital and a safety net for entrepreneurs desirous of branching out into new endeavors. ...
2. Seminole Education
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By the late 1960s the Seminole Tribe of Florida had made only modest strides in having its children attend k–12 schooling; very few members of the tribe had graduated from high school or attained a postsecondary education. Although Indian children from the Hollywood and Brighton reservations attended the local public schools, this was arranged after prolonged negotiations with local school authorities. ...
3. Transformations in Religion and Medicine
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Beginning in the mid-twentieth century, the Seminole people began to experience fundamental transformations in both their spiritual life and the way they tended to health needs. Historically there has been a close connection between spiritual beliefs and the physical medicine practiced by the shamans or medicine men of the tribe. The Green Corn Dance was ...
4. Housing and Family Transitions in Social Context
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Seminole housing has changed dramatically over the past hundred years—from the thatched-roof chikees, to concrete block or wood frame structures, and more recently with increased wealth to elaborate mansions. This chapter addresses the changes in Seminole family and community life that occurred as a result of moving residents from traditional camps to modern housing provided by the tribal government. The changes in ...
5. Dilemmas of Language and Culture
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Like many other American Indian tribes, the Seminoles continue to struggle to define what it means to be Indian in a world dominated by non-Indians. Although there is disagreement over how effectively the Seminoles have defined their worldview, at its core, culture retention requires an effort to preserve one’s language, material culture, and essential values as handed down by elders who are rapidly passing from the scene. ...
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Over the thirty-year span between 1970 and 2000, members of the Seminole Tribe of Florida underwent an extraordinary sociocultural, economic, and political transformation. By the opening decade of the twenty-first century, the tribe had created a workable governmental system and had established itself as an economic powerhouse. Gone forever were ...
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Page Count: 272
Illustrations: 14 illustrations, 1 map
Publication Year: 2010
Series Title: Indians of the Southeast