The Thirty Years' War and German Memory in the Nineteenth Century
Publication Year: 2007
Published by: University of Nebraska Press
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This advertisement appeared on the end sheet of Luise Mühlbach’s Die Opfer des religiösen Fanatismus: Historicher Roman aus dem dreißigjährigen Krieg (The Victims of Religious Fanaticism: A Historical Novel of the Thirty Years’ War) (1871–72). The publisher, Sigmund Bensinger...
1. The Great War
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How did historians in nineteenth-century Germany come to grips with the complex sequence of events that ignited a fratricidal thirty-year conflict that was also remembered as the Great German War, the Great War, the Great Schism, and Germany’s Darkest Hour? The debate over the origins of the war...
2. The War of Protestant Liberation
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In 1844 Friedrich Moser, an amateur historian who lived in Zwickau, published a pamphlet describing the 1837 unveiling of the Gustavus Adolphus memorial in the Saxon village of Lützen, outside Leipzig. Moser recalled the anguished prayers of Germany’s Protestants in 1629 as Wallenstein’s imperial army...
3. Wallenstein’s Revolution
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“In life,” wrote Friedrich Schiller in 1793, “it was his misfortune to make himself the enemy of the victorious party; in death it was his misfortune to be survived by his enemies, who then wrote his history.”1 Schiller’s observation captures the essence of the “Wallenstein question,” which occupied such a central place...
4. The Martyrdom of Magdeburg
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The nineteenth-century reinterpretations of the origins of the Thirty Years’ War and the motivations and aims of Gustavus Adolphus and Wallenstein were stories of triumphs and of grand designs that had failed. In the retelling of the story, and the debates that ensued, these histories...
5. German Gothic
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Historians have long debated the actual extent of the material damage the Thirty Years’ War inflicted on German economic development and the veracity of contemporary accounts that described Germany after the war as a wasteland of empty villages, overgrown fields, and impoverished...
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In the nineteenth century, German historians rediscovered the Thirty Years’ War as the great conflict that created the foundations of the modern German nation. As they retold the story of the war, they uncovered, or so they believed, the meaning of centuries of defeat, territorial fragmentation...
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Publication Year: 2007
Series Title: Studies in War, Society, & the Military