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Forgotten Tribes

Unrecognized Indians and the Federal Acknowledgment Process

Mark Edwin Miller

Publication Year: 2004

The Federal Acknowledgment Process (FAP) is one of the most important and contentious issues facing Native Americans today. A complicated system of criteria and procedures, the FAP is utilized by federal officials to determine whether a Native community qualifies for federal recognition by the United States government. In Forgotten Tribes, Mark Edwin Miller offers a balanced and detailed look at the origins, procedures, and assumptions governing the FAP. His work examines the FAP through the prism of four previously unrecognized tribal communities and their battles to gain indigenous rights under federal law.

Based on a wealth of interviews and original research, Forgotten Tribes features the first in-depth history and overview of the FAP and sheds light on this controversial Native identification policy involving state power over Native peoples and tribal sovereignty.

Published by: University of Nebraska Press

Title Page

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Copyright Page

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Table of Contents

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pp. v-

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-viii

Many people and organizations have guided this project to its ultimate completion. Both in professional and personal terms, I could not have nished this work without the support of numerous individuals who lent...

Abbreviations

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pp. ix-xiii

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Introduction

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pp. 1-22

It was in the early 1990s that the small Mashantucket Pequot Tribe of Connecticut burst upon the national scene, indelibly marking popular perceptions of once unacknowledged Indian tribes in the public conscious. After struggling for centuries without federal tribal status, the Pequots under Richard...

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1. Adrift with the Indian Office

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pp. 23-46

Seven miles off the Massachusetts coast, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis's secluded four-hundred-acre estate on the resort island of Martha's Vineyard was surely a welcome retreat from the constant gaze of the gawking public on the mainland. From her nineteen-room shingled home the former rst lady...

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2. Building an Edifice

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pp. 47-78

After starting with such high hopes, the bia's Branch of Acknowledgment and Research was under attack at the close of the century. By 1999 the situation had become so tense that branch anthropologist Steve Austin ushered visitors into the of ce's secret location within the Department...

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3. Bypassing the Bureau

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pp. 79-122

Just west of the growing Sunbelt city of Tucson, Arizona, in the spring of 1962, a middle-aged Yaqui spiritual leader went wandering in search of wild tea leaves amid the giant saguaro cactus of the Sonoran Desert. In the shadow of the eroded remnant of a long-dead volcano called Black...

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4. Sometimes Salvation

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pp. 123-155

Travelers heading west toward Death Valley National Monument in the late 1960s would enter the California park on a lonely blacktop road through a long, winding canyon that splits the Funeral and Black Mountain Ranges. Descending steadily downward,the visitors would see...

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5. A Matter of Visibility

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pp. 156-208

Sometime in the rst half of the nineteenth century, the historic Houma Tribe that once lived along the lower Mississippi River of Louisiana disappeared from known historical records. Over 150 years later, a group claiming descent from this tribe, the United Houma Nation, petitioned...

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6. From Playing Indian to Playing Slots

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pp. 209-255

In late 1985 Texas state comptroller Bob Bullock, who was legendary for both his tax-collecting prowess and a temper that a colleague described as "a woeful and awful thing to behold," had turned his wrath on the Tigua people in the far western corner of Texas. Bullock was directing his considerable political...

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Conclusion

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pp. 256-266

On a winter's day in January 2001 Utah sheriff deputies raided the home of James Warren Flaming Eagle Mooney and seized a computer, ceremonial pipe, and thirty-three pounds of peyote cactus. In the roundup the State of Utah arrested the leader on a dozen counts...

Notes

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pp. 267-322

Bibliography

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pp. 323-346

Index

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pp. 347-355


E-ISBN-13: 9780803204096
E-ISBN-10: 0803204094

Page Count: 355
Illustrations: Map
Publication Year: 2004