The Social Construction of Russia's Resurgence
Aspirations, Identity, and Security Interests
Publication Year: 2009
Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press
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List of Figures and Tables
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It was clear to me then that the dominant theoretical argument that I studied in universityâthat material power drove how countries behaved with each otherâdid not match up with what I witnessed among practitioners. It seemed, in contrast, that the government and political officials with whom I interacted were moved by forces other than material power and that ideas and identity had much to do with how they defined what their country was about ...
Note on Transliteration of Russian
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In the case of some well-known politicians, I have used the spelling of the name that is commonly used in the Western media. So, for example, I have used Yeltsin instead of Elâtsin. In cases where a Russian has published in a West European language, I have used the publicationâs spelling of his or her name when citing that particular work (e.g., Baranovsky) but have retained the standard transliteration (Baranovskii) when ...
1. Introduction: Identity and Interests in World Politics
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What do states want? It is a truism of international politics that national interestsâwhat states wantâdrive foreign policy. But how are national interests formed? How do they develop, change, reproduce, or decline over time? How stable are they? This book addresses these questions with reference to post-Soviet Russia. Russian foreign policy ...
2. Aspirational Constructivism: A Theory of Identity and Interests
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Aspirational constructivism is centrally concerned with how national identities are formed and how these shape what political elites view as the national interest. It draws on the constructivist and social psychological literature to address three questions: What are the sources of national identity? Why do multiple identities come into contention ...
3. Russian National Self-Images in the 1990s
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With the implosion of the Soviet Union in December 1991, Russian political elites were faced with the question of whether the new Russia would cast off the legacy of the Soviet and tsarist past or carry that legacy forward in whole or in part. The question of Russiaâs identityâ what sort of state Russia would be and what it wantedâpervaded the political discourse. Should Russia seek to âreturn to Europe,â as ...
4. Russiaâs Foreign Policy Orientations: Ingroups, Outgroups, and Identity Management Strategies
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Chapter 2 developed the three core expectations derived from aspirational constructivism: political elites, motivated by the need for collective self-esteem and their preferred values, should seek to create new bases for national self-esteem and valid social orders, especially during times of change, through the construction of national self-images and ...
5. Post-Soviet Russiaâs âRevolutionary Decadeâ and the Creation of National Identity
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From the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 to Vladimir Putinâs reelection as president in 2004, Russian debates on national identityâand Russian foreign policyâswung from warmly embracing the West and the United States to heatedly rebuking them. Russian foreign policy moved between Russiaâs incorporation into Western global ...
6. The Post-Soviet Creation of Russiaâs Security Interests in Europe
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Europe after the end of the Cold War saw major transformations in the definitions of security interests. Ethnic conflict, humanitarian crises, extension of the liberal zone of peace, and transnational terrorism replaced territorial defense and power balancing as the primary security concerns for European security officials over the 1991â2004 period. Despite the changed security environment in Europe and internal agreement ...
7. The Post-Soviet Creation of Russiaâs Interests in Nuclear Arms Control
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Nuclear weapons were the epicenter of the relationship between the two Cold War superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union. Efforts to control them, particularly the category of strategic arms that were capable of reaching each otherâs homelands, were taken as key indicators of the state of the superpower relationship and of international ...
8. Conclusion: Aspirational Constructivism and International Institutional Change
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This study began by asking how national interests are formed. The answer proposed hereâin the form of aspirational constructivismâ is that to understand what states want, scholars must start by investigating what the sources of a countryâs national identity are and how they influence its national interests. In trying to explain how national interests are created, aspirational constructivism has looked to research in ...
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Page Count: 336
Illustrations: 3 line drawings
Publication Year: 2009