A Troubled Peace
U.S. Policy and the Two Koreas
Publication Year: 2006
Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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There is an old saying in Asia suggesting that when we drink water from a well, we should think of those who dug it long ago. As I reflect upon my forty years in academia, I cannot help but remember those who dug the well of knowledge from which I gained enormous benefits. As a student at Seoul National University, I was fortunate to have been educated by two towering pioneers: Min Byung Tae, an eminent scholar...
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Note on Korean, Chinese, and Japanese Terms
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Ever since the end of World War II, the United States has played a key role in the management of Korean affairs. With the defeat of Japan in 1945, the United States terminated Japan’s thirty-five years of colonial rule over Korea and, together with the Soviet Union, divided the peninsula along the 38th Parallel, occupying South Korea and North Korea, respectively. After prolonged negotiations failed...
2. The United States Faces Korea
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Geographically and culturally worlds apart, the United States and the Korean Peninsula in the early nineteenth century had little in common. Yet they were about to enter a turbulent period of conflict and cooperation that would last for more than a century and a half. As early as the 1830s, the United States government believed that one of the advantages of opening Japan to the West would be the...
3. The Dynamics of Structural Adjustment: From Nixon to Carter
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The structure of relations between the United States and South Korea shifted dramatically in the period from the beginning of the Nixon administration (January 1969) to the end of the Carter presidency (January 1981) and required a significant change in each country’s policy toward the other. As a result of its costly and ill-fated entanglement in the Vietnam War, the United States began to reassess the...
4. The Passing of the Cold War: The Reagan and Bush Years
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Championing a moralistic and militantly anti-Communist foreign policy, President Ronald Reagan, at the time of his inauguration, rejected the liberal premises that had guided Carter’s military and diplomatic approaches toward Korea. In his summit meeting with President Chun Doo Hwan in February 1981, Reagan unequivocally declared that “the United States, as a Pacific power, will seek...
5. From Containment to Engagement: Clinton’s Policy
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As discussed in the preceding chapter, the end of the global cold war marked a sea change in the international strategic and economic order. As a principal beneficiary and custodian of this changing world order, President William J. Clinton was faced with the challenge of meeting the commitments made by his predecessors in a world that had dramatically changed. When he took office in the...
6. In Search of Hegemonic Diplomacy: Bush’s Policy
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Dashing President Clinton’s hopes that his Republican successor, George W. Bush, would continue his carefully crafted policies of constructive engagement with North Korea and close cooperation with South Korea, the incoming Bush administration was inclined to change both the philosophical foundations and the substantive direction of the U.S. approach toward the Korean Peninsula. In terms of...
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Once, in a discussion of the complexities of international relations, George F. Kennan suggested that there was not only “nothing final in point of time, nothing not vulnerable to the law of change,” but also “nothing absolute in itself.”1 He added: “There is no friendship without some element of antagonism; no enmity without some rudimentary community of interests; no benevolent intervention which is not...
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Page Count: 376
Illustrations: 1 line drawing (map)
Publication Year: 2006