Citizenship across Borders
The Political Transnationalism of El Migrante
Publication Year: 2007
Michael Peter Smith and Matt Bakker spent five years carrying out ethnographic field research in multiple communities in the Mexican states of Zacatecas and Guanajuato and various cities in California, particularly metropolitan Los Angeles. Combining the information they gathered there with political-economic and institutional analysis, the five extended case studies in Citizenship across Borders offer a new way of looking at the emergent dynamics of transnational community development and electoral politics on both sides of the border.
Smith and Bakker highlight the continuing significance of territorial identifications and state policies-particularly those of the sending state-in cultivating and sustaining transnational connections and practices. In so doing, they contextualize and make sense of the complex interplay of identity and loyalty in the lives of transnational migrant activists. In contrast to high-profile warnings of the dangers to national cultures and political institutions brought about by long-distance nationalism and dual citizenship, Citizenship across Borders demonstrates that, far from undermining loyalty and diminishing engagement in U.S. political life, the practice of dual citizenship by Mexican migrants actually provides a sense of empowerment that fosters migrants' active civic engagement in American as well as Mexican politics.
Published by: Cornell University Press
Download PDF (814.5 KB)
Title Page, Copyright
Download PDF (78.4 KB)
Download PDF (67.7 KB)
Download PDF (96.7 KB)
This book has been seven years in the making. It would not have been pos-sible without the willingness of our interview subjects to tell us their storiesof transnational political engagement. We especially wish to thank themain protagonists of our ﬁve case studies, migrant political activists ÁngelCalderón, Andrés Bermúdez Viramontes, Guadalupe Gómez, Efraín...
Download PDF (68.4 KB)
CDPMECoalición por los Derechos Políticos de los Mexicanos en el Exterior (Coalition for the Political Rights of Mexicans Abroad)CIC Centro Interuniversitario del Conocimiento (Interuniversity CISAN Centro de Investigaciones sobre América del Norte (Center for COESPO Consejo Estatal de Población de Guanajuato (Guanajuato State ...
1 The Politics of Transnational Citizenship
Download PDF (156.3 KB)
...pora life is that it necessarily stretches the idea of national belong-ing by disengaging it from its presumed territorial and linguisticimperative, de-centering it in relation to any putative “core” valuesDiscourses on the rights, entitlements, and obligations of citizenship havechanged dramatically in the past two decades as a result of the increasingly...
2 Reconstructing the Migrant in MexicanState-Policy Discourse
Download PDF (169.5 KB)
Historically, the Mexican state has deployed various discourses and policyinitiatives to encourage the continuing allegiance of Mexican migrants totheir patria. In this chapter we offer a detailed analysis of the remarkablyconsistent set of migrant reincorporation policies implemented by the pre-vious three presidential administrations of Carlos Salinas, Ernesto Zedillo,...
3 The Regional State and the Politicsof Translocality
Download PDF (830.0 KB)
Since the mid-1990s, political elites of the Partido Acción Nacional in Gua-najuato have sought to reconstitute guanajuatense migrants to the UnitedStates as clients and funders of new state economic and social policy initia-tives, as political subjects with “dual loyalty” but limited political auton-omy. The translocal character of global migration networks created unique...
4 The Social Construction of “Migrant-LedProductive Investment”
Download PDF (476.8 KB)
Migrant remittances sent to Mexico have skyrocketed over the last decade,from just under $3.7 billion in 1995 to over $23 billion in 2006 (Banco deMéxico 2007), an increase of over 500 percent. By 2004, Mexico was receiv-ing more remittances than the total sent from the United States to all of thecountries of Latin America and the Caribbean—including Mexico itself—...
5 Transnational Electoral Politics
Download PDF (839.0 KB)
On July 1, 2001, Andrés Bermúdez Viramontes was elected presidente ofJerez, one of the largest municipal governments in the state of Zacatecas.Bermúdez, a successful tomato grower, labor contractor, and inventor of atomato transplanting machine who lived in Winters, California, gained in-ternational media attention during his campaign as El Rey del Tomate (the...
6 Institutionalizing New Spaces forMigrant Political Agency
Download PDF (403.0 KB)
Much of the existing literature on migrant political transnationalism hasfocused, as we have done in earlier chapters, on the construction and exer-cise of transnational citizenship at the level of the local state. In the case ofMexican migration in particular, such studies have tended to focus on theinformal negotiations between individual migrants, hometown association...
7 The Second Face of Transnational Citizenship
Download PDF (253.0 KB)
In previous chapters we have examined the Mexican face of transnationalcitizenship by detailing the ethnographic ﬁndings of a series of separate, yetinterrelated, extended case studies that have slowly begun to reveal thecomplex emergence of Mexican migrants as cross-border political subjectsand transnational citizens. In this chapter we turn to the second face of...
8 The Boundaries of Citizenship
Download PDF (421.3 KB)
...know words or that we know minds? In answering this question, itis necessary...to notice the characteristic intellectual movement,tacking between the most local of local detail and the most global ofglobal structure in such a way as to bring them into simultaneousthrough the parts that actualize it and the parts conceived through...
Download PDF (152.1 KB)
Download PDF (139.7 KB)
Download PDF (109.0 KB)
Page Count: 264
Publication Year: 2007