Streetwise for Book Smarts
Grassroots Organizing and Education Reform in the Bronx
Publication Year: 2009
In Streetwise for Book Smarts, Celina Su examines the efforts of parents and students who sought to improve the quality of education in their local schools by working with grassroots organizations and taking matters into their own hands. In these organizations, everyday citizens pursued not only education reform but also democratic accountability and community empowerment. These groups had similar resources and operated in the same political context, yet their strategies and tactics were very different: while some focused on increasing state and city aid to their schools, others tried to change the way the schools themselves operated. Some coalitions sought accommodation with administrators and legislators; others did not.
The events Su describes began with a series of stabbings in Bronx high schools during the 2003-2004 school year. After this rash of violence, several grassroots groups cited the need for additional safety patrols. Mothers from one school spoke of how they had previously protested until they got extra officers, a fairly scarce resource in New York public schools, at their local elementary school. Others asserted that not all the safety patrol officers already in place were treating students humanely. Parent organizations and school officials battled over who was to blame for the school violence. Did a police presence solve the problem, or did it exacerbate the schools' violence-prone conditions? Members of different groups proposed and mobilized behind a range of remedies. These divergent responses shed light on the ways in which the choices made by each organization mattered.
By learning from Su's close observation of four activist groups in the Bronx, including Mothers on the Move and Sistas and Brothas United, we can better understand strategies that may ultimately lead to better and safer schools everywhere and help to revitalize American democracy.
Published by: Cornell University Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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I want to thank the organizers and leaders at the case study social change organizations who so generously welcomed me into their world. In base-ment offi ces or fancy conference auditoriums, in the middle of a hailstorm or under highway overpasses on steaming hot black asphalt, I came to more fully appreciate the diffi culty of their work: the long hours and last-minute ...
Chapter OneA Kaleidoscope of People Power
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In the 2003–2004 school year, Bronx, New York, high schools reeled from a series of stabbings and violent attacks. A number of schools were labeled dangerous. In these schools, students waited in long lines to pass through metal detectors each morning, facing quite a few police offi cers along the way. Several Bronx-based social change organizations (SCOs), ...
Chapter TwoPublic Education andOrganizing in the Bronx
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A look at the social, political, and economic landscape in which the pres-ent study takes place helps to explain why the case study organizations have launched campaigns against racial and economic inequalities, for ac-cess to decent schooling and basic social services, and for more democratic governance. Further, since the struggles of these organizations are emblem-...
Chapter ThreeOrganizing the Organizations
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This chapter focuses on the nuts and bolts, or the tool kit, inspired by Saul Alinsky. Contemporary Alinsky-inspired social change organizations, such as the Industrial Areas and Gamaliel (a Chicago-based network of congregation-based community organizing groups) foundations, have de-veloped practices and frameworks quite different from those espoused by ...
Chapter FourFriends Forever
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Everyday activities are often unpredictable for any organizing group. Meetings are canceled at the last minute or simply fail to materialize for inexplicable reasons. At other times, constituents seem to appear out of nowhere, galvanized by a landlord’s misstep or a politician’s sudden an-nouncement. In the context of community organizing, where little activity ...
Chapter FiveOff the Charts
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In this chapter I examine social change organizations’ untold stories, contradictions, and other factors not easily labeled as activities, organizer-leader relationships, or other key practices. In other words, I analyze pat-terns in the conspicuous, awkward silences that unfolded in my fi eldwork. It so happens that, more often than not, what was not being openly talked ...
Chapter SixWhat These Tools Can Build
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Social change organizations (SCOs) with similar missions pursue diver-gent political strategies, even when these organizations face a similar po-litical context and resource constraints, partly because their respective tool kits help to develop different strengths and capacities among leaders and In the present study, more specifi cally, the Alinskyite tool kit helped ...
Chapter SevenFavorite Hits
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Tool kits do more than help social change organizations (SCOs) in de-ciding on their approaches to issues of race and their capacities to infl uence different stages of the policy-making process. Their signifi cance is clearest in the SCOs’ embedded preferences for collaboration or confrontation, since the organizations tend to stick to their respective repertoires of po-...
Chapter EightCommitment and Commencement
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All of the social change organizations (SCOs) in the present study sowed and reaped rewards for their efforts in local education reform, and all of them received media attention for it. Outlets as varied as the New York Post, the New York Times, City Limits, the Christian Science Monitor, and National Public Radio chronicled various campaigns for greater funding, ...
Appendix APounding the Pavement
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Appendix BInterview Protocol andList of Interviewees
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Page Count: 264
Publication Year: 2009