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Innovation For Sustainability

African and European Perspectives

Mammo Muchie, Angathevar Baskaran

Publication Year: 2013

The innovation system theory has to deal with climate change as it generates the intellectual tools to promote development. A unified innovation system theory that integrates the eradication of threats to nature with the promotion of development is critically important to advance an original pedigree and trajectory of epistemology. Africa must learn and appreciate the costs to itself from the way Europe industrialised. It can neither follow nor imitate the European pattern of industrialisation. It has to include in its own development agenda both the meeting of social needs and choosing a path of development that would not bring ecological harm in the process. The African innovation system has to evolve in a nature protecting ñ rather than hurting ñ system; in addition, social needs must be met rather than exacerbating the social inequalities path of development.

Published by: African Books Collective

Cover

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p. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. 2-5

Contents

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pp. i-iv

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Preface

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pp. v-vi

The South African Research Initiative (SARChI) started the research applying the innovation systems theory approach to African problems of development and structural transformation since 2008. Throughout the last four years the SARChI chair has concentrated research on innovation to address the challenges of African development, inspired by the vision that Africa’s...

Contributing authors

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pp. vii-viii

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Introduction

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pp. ix-xxi

We live in a world where there is a growing threat to nature that can eventually lead to a bigger threat to human well-being if there is failure to respond to all the warning signals. The innovation system theory has to deals with climate change as it generates the intellectual tools to promote development. A unified innovation system theory that integrates the eradication of...

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Chapter 1- The Uptake of Environmentally Sensitive Innovation to Transform Production Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa

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pp. 1-19

One factor for focusing on cleaner production practices in Africa is the possibility of building in environmental concerns in Africa’s quest to industrialise. In comparison to the industrialised countries, the industrialising countries of Africa can be seen as ‘a green field economic space’. The condition for setting up cleaner production centres to help...

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Chapter 2 - Climate Debt Owed to Africa

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pp. 20-47

The ‘climate debt’ that the industries and over-consumers of the Global North owe Africans and other victims of climate change not responsible for causing the problem has accrued by virtue of the North’s excessive dumping of greenhouse gas emissions into the collective environmental...

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Chapter 3 - Education, Convergence and Carbon Dioxide Growth per Capita

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pp. 48-68

In recent years, the climate change debate has received renewed attention, because climate change associated environmental and socio-economic effects are more evident now than even before. In response, some agreements, such as the Kyoto Protocol, were signed between countries. These agreements establish flexible mechanisms and confirm the commitment of...

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Chapter 4 - Green Markets of the Future

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pp. 69-92

Competences for green technologies in Newly Industrializing Countries (NICs) are becoming increasingly urgent from a global perspective. These technologies open up the opportunity for reducing emissions and modernising the infrastructure, and the prospect of exporting them can add an incentive for NICs to push in that direction. The article analyses whether or...

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Chapter 5 - Science for the Future

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pp. 93-113

With the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro, the concept of sustainable development – bringing together questions of social justice with environmental issues – has gained importance in international politics. Based on these political processes, a new field of research has developed within...

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Chapter 6 - Conceptualizing Sustainable Development as a Global Problem

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pp. 114-126

Multilateral cooperation is in crisis. The Fifteenth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 15) of the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen has shown that the current cooperation platforms do not correspond efficiently to the power dynamics in the international system. Global problems urge governments to cooperate, ...

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Chapter 7 - Why Radical Innovations Fail

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pp. 127-146

In the discussion on innovations for sustainable development, radical innovations are frequently called for in order that the transformation of society to a system perceived as sustainable can succeed (Vellinga, 2004). The reason given for this is the expectation that these innovations will increase environmental efficiency by a factor of 10, compared to a factor of...

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Chapter 8 - In Search of Green Knowledge

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pp. 147-161

There was a brief moment in the early spring of 1968 when it seemed not only possible but actually quite likely that the war in Vietnam would soon come to an end – and largely because of the mobilisation of youthful idealism. After Eugene McCarthy, the poetic senator from Minnesota with his band of student supporters, including yours truly, had...

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Chapter 9 - Innovation for Sustainability in a Changing World

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pp. 162-168

The South African-German Dialogue on Science for Sustainability (D4S) between the South African Department of Science and Technology (DST) and the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) was initiated in December 2007 in Pretoria, South Africa...

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Chapter 10 - The Ecological Economics Synthesis for Sustainability

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pp. 169-171

Ecology shares with economics the etymology of ‘ eco’, which means house in the Greek language. But both ecology and economics have evolved by living in different houses, their ‘eco’ may sound the same, but the eco of ecology, and the eco of economics connote different realities with the same name and with entirely different meanings. This makes it diffi ult and complex...

Back Cover

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p. 200-200


E-ISBN-13: 9780798303569
Print-ISBN-13: 9780798303460

Page Count: 198
Publication Year: 2013