Innovation For Sustainability
African and European Perspectives
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: African Books Collective
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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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The South African Research Initiative (SARChI) started the research apply-ing the innovation systems theory approach to African problems of develop-ment and structural transformation since 2008. Throughout the last four years the SARChI chair has concentrated research on innovation to address the challenges of African development, inspired by the vision that Africaâ€™s ...
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Andrew Jamison: Department of Development and Planning, Aalborg Angathevar Baskaran: Senior Lecturer, Middlesex University Business Britta Rennkamp: Deutsches Institut fÃ¼r Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), German DÃ¶rte Ohlhorst: Center for Technology and Society, Technische UniversitÃ¤t Imraan Patel: Department of Science and Technology, Pretoria, South Africa....
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We live in a world where there is a growing threat to nature that can eventu-ally lead to a bigger threat to human well-being if there is failure to respond to all the warning signals. The innovation system theory has to deals with climate change as it generates the intellectual tools to promote develop-ment. A unifi ed innovation system theory that integrates the eradication of ...
Chapter 1- The Uptake of Environmentally Sensitive Innovation to Transform Production Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa
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The objective is to identify empirically the degree to which fi rms in Sub-Saharan African countries have experience with environmentally sensitive technology uptake. Examples are sought from reports of cleaner production activities from Tanzania and Zimbabwe. Invariably cleaner production is externally induced. It is not created internally as part of a fi rmâ€™s evolutionary ...
Chapter 2 - Climate Debt Owed to Africa
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The â€˜climate debtâ€™ that the industries and over-consumers of the Global North owe Africans and other victims of climate change not responsible for causing the problem has accrued by virtue of the Northâ€™s excessive dumping of greenhouse gas emissions into the collective environmental space. Damage is being accounted for, including the more constrained ...
Chapter 3 - Education, Convergence and Carbon Dioxide Growth per Capita
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This paper examines the existence of convergence and the importance of education on carbon dioxide growth per capita, over the period 1970-2004 for 85 countries. We use panel data and apply GMM-System estimation. This rigorous approach takes into account the observed and unobserved heterogeneity of countries, and solves the endogeneity problems associated ...
Chapter 4 - Green Markets of the Future
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Competences for green technologies in Newly Industrializing Countries (NICs) are becoming increasingly urgent from a global perspective. These technologies open up the opportunity for reducing emissions and modernising the infrastructure, and the prospect of exporting them can add an incentive for NICs to push in that direction. The article analyses whether or ...
Chapter 5 - Science for the Future
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Sustainability research is aimed at meeting the challenge of dealing with important societal problems related to the â€˜metabolicâ€™ processes between society and nature in a global context. Besides generating knowledge about the characteristics and dynamics of the complex processes involved (e.g. climate change, loss of biodiversity, increasing poverty and hunger), it ...
Chapter 6 - Conceptualizing Sustainable Development as a Global Problem
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Technological innovation and strategic knowledge are crucial to global problem solving. But in the current global governance architecture â€˜knowledgeâ€™ is a marginal issue. Classical economic theories do not take into consideration that knowledge is not a public good, free from rival consumption and exclusion. This article briefl y outlines the main problems ...
Chapter 7 - Why Radical Innovations Fail
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Radical innovations are frequently called for in order that the transformation of society to a system perceived as sustainable can succeed. The reason given for this is the greater environmental effi ciency of these innovations. We review the hypothesis that radical innovations are superior to incremental innovations by taking the case of fossil fuel power plants in Germany. An ...
Chapter 8 - In Search of Green Knowledge
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Looking for an expression that could capture the change that has occurred in the last century and a half in the relation between science and society, I can fi nd no better way than to say that we have shifted from Science to Research. Science is certainty; Research is uncertainty. Science is supposed to be cold, straight and detached; Research is warm, involving and risky. Science puts an ...
Chapter 9 - Innovation for Sustainability in a Changing World
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The South African-German Dialogue on Science for Sustainability (D4S) between the South African Department of Science and Technology (DST) and the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) was initiated in December 2007 in Pretoria, South Africa.A hundred South African and German scientists, policy makers and rep-resentatives of industries and non-governmental organisations participated in the course of the dialogue. The initiative intends to defi ne common areas ...
Chapter 10 - The Ecological Economics Synthesis for Sustainability
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Ecology shares with economics the etymology of â€˜ecoâ€™, which means house in the Greek language. But both ecology and economics have evolved by living in different houses, their â€˜ecoâ€™ may sound the same, but the eco of ecology, and the eco of economics connote different realities with the same name and with entirely different meanings. This makes it diffi cult and com-...
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Page Count: 198
Publication Year: 2013