Creating Systems of Innovation in Africa
Country Case Studies
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: African Books Collective
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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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The South African Research Initiative (SARChI) started the research apply-ing the innovation systems theory approach to African problems of develop-ment and structural transformation since 2008. Throughout the last four years the SARChI chair has concentrated research on innovation to address the challenges of African development inspired by the vision that Africaâ€™s ...
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SARCHI/NRF Research Fellow at the Institute for Economics Research on Innovation, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa.Researcher at the National Centre for Technology Management (NACETEM), an Agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology, Obafemi Senior Lecturer at Middlesex University Business School, London, UK....
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There are different approaches to the system of innovation building process. There is the linear traditional route, and there is also the co-evolution route. The linear route in the African development context today sees progress from agriculture to manufacturing. Co-evolution sees agriculture co-evolving with manufacture; the rural economic sector co-evolving with the urban sector, ...
Chapter 1 - Research Typology and Knowledge Needs for Development in Africa
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The effi cient management of scientifi c activities with the aim of development requires that their objectives, methods, roles and their links are clarifi ed. In addition to the three usual research types: Basic research; applied research and experimental development, the targeted societal research for decision-making is presented with its specifi cities. The relevant contrast appears ...
Chapter 2 - Ghana’s Innovation System
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Science, technology, and innovation (STI) are expected to play a key role in lifting Ghana to middle-income status by 2020. Ghana is not alone in wanting to promote STI as a means to socio-economic development; governments throughout Africa have been making political commitments in support of the knowledge economy. The paper provides a micro-...
Chapter 3 - Labour Productivity, Exports and Skills Formation
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This paper uses fi rm-level panel data from Kenyan manufacturing industry to compare labour productivity, export and skills formation between foreign and local fi rms. Given the superior productive capabilities and market access of multinational fi rms, foreign direct investment (FDI) is considered to enjoy greater potential to generate labour productivity, ...
Chapter 4 - Innovative Approaches to Industrial Utilisation of Cassava in a Developing Economy
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Nigeria has remained the worldâ€™s leading economy in the production of cassava for about two decades. Nevertheless, the industrial utilisation of this agricultural produce has remained low. We synthesise the fi ndings of an extensive literature on some innovative approaches to this challenge. There is a need for policy learning on how Nigeria can sustain global leadership ...
Chapter 5 - Enhancing Innovation in Developing Country Systems
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A contribution to an improved empirical understanding of the nature of innovation system competence building in Africa is made. First: A framework of analysis for assessing system competence building is defi ned and applied to fi ve case studies drawn from Uganda. Second: Drawing from the case studies three appreciative empirically grounded system building ...
Chapter 6 - Innovation Financing, Industrial production and the Growth of Nigeria’s Non-oil Exports
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For those who have been following the economic trend in Nigeria, the coun-tryâ€™s quest to become one of the twenty most industrialised nations in the world has been a front burner issue of policy discourse. In the year 2007, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and World Fact Book listed Nigeria as the 41st country on the list of devel-...
Chapter 7 - A Firm-Level Analysis of Technological Externality of Foreign Direct Investment in South Africa
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This paper examines how Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) impacts on productivity performance in host economy by raising and addressing two key questions: (a) To what extent does technological externality of FDI (FDI Spillover) rely on host economyâ€™s skill defi ciency characteristic before it can be generated and appropriated? (b) Is there a regional dimension to the level ...
Chapter 8 - A Consensual Approach to Domain-Partitioning of a Cancer Data Sample Space
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Interest in the patterns and predictability of various types of cancer has been steadily growing over the years (e.g. Steliarova-Foucher et al., 2004). However, comparative studies on geo-ethnic grounds (particularly Africa-specifi c) have been quite limited. Further, the infl uence of commonly known predisposing factors on various types of cancer has mainly been studied using conventional ...
Chapter 9 - Remote Sensing and Geological Investigation of Okemesi Area, Southwestern Nigeria
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Remote sensing is a versatile tool in geology which has wider applications. It has been used successfully in mapping rocks and structures. Sometimes, these structures are diffi cult to observe on the fi eld during geologic mapping due to the rugged nature of the terrain. Often, the terrain is made up of thick, tropical forests that are diffi cult to access for the fi eld gologist, most ...
Chapter 10 - Conclusion
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There have been a number of attempts to apply a national system of in-novation by a number of states in Africa. It appears most of the application suffers from mimickery: It is not grounded in the reality of Africa. Failure to appreciate the empirical variation in Africa must change into the success of the grounded appreciation of the rich variety of the African realities. For ...
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Page Count: 236
Publication Year: 2013