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The Africana World

From Fragmentation to Unity and Renaissance

Mammo Muchie, Sanya Osha

Publication Year: 2012

It is 127 years since the Scramble for Africa divided up the continent, imposing borders that have led to conflict rather than peace and stability. It is 100 years since the African National Congress (ANC) was founded as the first African liberation movement with pan-African roots. It is nearly 50 years since the Organization of African Unity (OAU) was founded in May 1963 and ten years since the African Union (AU) was born with a vision that seeks ëthe actualisation of human dignity, development and prosperity for the entire African people ... anchored on a vision of an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa Ö driven and managed by its own citizens Ö and representing a dynamic force in the international arenaí. The achievement of the AU vision is predicated on colonialism being dead. However, it has actually been replaced by neocolonialism, which requires extra vigilance from Africa and its diaspora in order for the unity and renaissance dreamed of to become a reality. The chapters in Africana World: From Fragmentation to Unity and Renaissance address colonial and postcolonial African realities with a view to present a holistic and transcontinental appraisal of questions, issues and challenges that confront the continent. Contributors are drawn from different parts of the world ñ Africa, Europe and the Americas ñ and it is this eclectic range of scholarly views that lends a rich historicity to the meaning of Africanity. The book contains multidisciplinary and transdisciplinary engagements with Africaís rich cultural heritage, its lingering contemporary challenges, its multifaceted systems of knowledge and its future in the exciting context of the twenty-first century. Africana World: From Fragmentation to Unity and Renaissance is put together in order to help develop the study and knowledge of African liberation across the continent and the diaspora. This first volume launches a new book series, following the Scramble for Africa conferences held every May to commemorate the founding of the OAU, which will be published annually to support the scholarly study of African unity and renaissance in order to replace the lingering imagery of colonialism in Africa with a fully liberated African consciousness.

Published by: African Books Collective

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-iii

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pp. v-vi

We are pleased to share the intellectual output from the fi rst Scramble for Africa conference that was held from 25 to 27 May 2011. The conference theme was ‘Putting African Unity First to Overcome the Scramble for Africa: Africa in the Twenty-fi rst Century after...


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pp. vii

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Introduction: African Unity: If Not Now, When?

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pp. 1-22

The European scramble for Africa that originated from the 1884 Berlin Conference had a double consequence for Africa. The first is that Africans were divided by pulling those that should be together apart, and blending those that had distinct variations within one territorial...

Part I - Postcolonial Nation-Building Processes

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Chapter 1 - Strengthening the Implementation of Antipoverty Strategies and the Active Role of Stakeholders: A Case Study of Mutale Municipality Community Engagement

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pp. 24-48

Poverty is becoming increasingly entrenched in Africa and continues to defy efforts to eradicate it. Various authors1 have noted that more than 75 percent of the poorest countries are in Africa and the situation is worsening. In South Africa, the fight against poverty started in...

Part II - Governance, Democracy and Development

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Chapter 2 - The Flip Sides of Corruption: A Challenge to Developing Countries

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pp. 51-64

Life is anchored in human consciousness of the self and of the environmental factors pivotal to the provision and receipt of the goods and services necessary for livelihood. However, that experience comes with various challenges. The first is how to sustain a livelihood given the...

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Chapter 3 - Transitions of a Political Culture

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pp. 65-96

Several myths regarding the Nigerian military establishment have been created and perpetuated by Nigerian intellectuals. More than the myths by the military itself, the myths created by the opinion moulders of civil society have an added veneer of legitimacy, accuracy and...

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Chapter 4 - Locating the Image of Postcolonial sub-Saharan African State Fragility in the Mirror of Colonialism

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pp. 97-118

Historically, sub-Saharan Africa has suffered two major forms of extractive events.1 Firstly, there was the devastating triangular transatlantic slave trade in which Africans were traded as commodities for centuries, robbing the continent of its productive workforce. Secondly, the 1884–85 Berlin Conference-inspired illogical and exploitative balkanisation...

Part III - The New Scramble for Africa: Brazil, Russia, India and China

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Chapter 5 - China’s Links with Africa and Implications for Development and Democratic Governance: A Study of Selected African Countries

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pp. 121-142

China is emerging as a world power with massive interest in Africa. What does this mean for Africa’s development and democratic agenda? Will China influence Africa to postpone democracy and prioritise poverty reduction? Will China infl uence Africa to choose a developmental state model, devoid of democratic content? Will the developmental...

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Chapter 6 - Modernity, Globalisation and Complexity: The Legacy and Future of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD)

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pp. 143-172

Pan-Africanism as a movement and intellectual force is as old as the ruthless imposition of colonialism in Africa. Colonialism’s advent was a brutal one, fashioned in 1884–1985 when European racists carved up Africa into fiefdoms, the impact of which has been felt for over...

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Chapter 7 - SINO-led Development in Lesotho: Power Cruise or Sustainable Development?

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pp. 173-194

Tensions, controversies and periodic bloody conflicts cloud the Kingdom of Lesotho regarding the role of Chinese-led development interventions. Lesotho has had relations with China since colonial times. Depending on the ideology and foreign policy of the ruling party...

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Chapter 8 - The European Union’s Economic Partnership Agreements with Africa and the Scramble for the African Market

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pp. 195-206

The European Union (EU) and the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP) countries, including a number of African countries, have been negotiating economic partnership agreements (EPAs) since 2002. Negotiations are still ongoing. A conclusion was...

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Chapter 9 - From Hegemony to Cooperation: A Comparative Analysis of India and China in Africa

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pp. 207-216

In 1968, George Yu, a leading contributor to China–Africa research, wrote that ‘studying China in Africa is much like pursuing a dragon in the bush. The dragon is imposing but the bush is dense’.1 The notion of the Chinese ‘dragon’ operating in the African ‘bush’...

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Chapter 10 - Economic Integration in Africa: The Systems of Innovation Approach

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pp. 217-236

The 2010 McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) report on the performance and prospects of African economies points to the accelerating growth rates of African economies in the first eight years of the twenty-first century, the almost seven-fold increase in foreign direct investment over the same period, as well as the rapid rate of urbanisation, as strong...

Part IV - Indigenous Knowledge Systems

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Chapter 11 - Ambivalences of Traditional Institutions in Southern Africa

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pp. 239-262

In the frst years of the twenty-first century, well over a decade after the formal demise of apartheid, one of the startling features in the institutional set-up of most of southern Africa would certainly be the strong implantation of traditional institutions. In contradistinction to other parts of Africa, this is true not only in terms of their social importance but...

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Chapter 12 - Utilising Indigenous Knowledge to Enhance Food Security: Tapping Zimbabwean Experiences

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pp. 263-274

One of the major attacks that colonisers meted out to Africans was on the culture of the people. The indigenous cultures of the African people within the 53 colonial states created by the Berlin Act of 1885 invariably suffered from purposeful and calculated demonisation as part of the subjugation agenda of the colonisers. The colonisers...

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Chapter 13 - Blessed be the Tie that Binds: African Diaspora Christian Movements and African Unity

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pp. 275-286

Christianity and Christian religious thought played a significant role in the justification and implementation of the transatlantic slave trade and the African and American colonisation projects. Christianity would also play a significant role in...

Part V - Twenty-first Century Pan-Africanism

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Chapter 14 - Unscrambling Africa’s Future: The Role of African Youth in Pan-AfricanEmpowerment

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pp. 289-310

Africa – this vast continent of diversity – rises from a history of relating to ‘power’ in many different ways. Several constellations of words can be construed to define its many affiliations to the concept of power. Powerful. Over-powered. Empowered. Power-struck. Disempowered...

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Chapter 15 - Beyond the Berlin Conference: The Renaissance of Twenty-first Century Pan-Africanism – Setting Standards to Measure its Effectiveness

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pp. 311-328

Early in the nineteenth century, pan-Africanism, particularly as emigrationism, began as a clarion call from dispersed Africans and African descendants to re-establish African identities for the offspring of former involuntary migrants from the African continent. Names like...

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Chapter 16 - Language in the Recovery of Ourselves: The Medew Netjer (Hieroglyphics) in the Construction of Pan-Afrikan Unity

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pp. 329-348

The Afrikan world continues to suffer the effects of a twin catastrophe which began to unfold among its people about a millennium and a half ago: the Arab invasion and destruction, and the European invasion and destruction. The combined effects of this Afrikan...

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pp. 349-358

Today is unlike yesterday; so too will tomorrow and today differ. However, today provides a bridge between the known of yesterday and the unknown of tomorrow. Thus, knowing and understanding yesterday enables us, guides us and teaches us about what actions we must...


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pp. 359

Back cover

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p. 380-380

E-ISBN-13: 9780798303347
Print-ISBN-13: 9780798303118

Page Count: 364
Publication Year: 2012