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The State of Africa 2010/11

Parameters and Legacies of Governance and Issue Areas

Korwa G. Adar, Monica K. Juma

Publication Year: 2010

The State of Africa series project was conceived by the Africa Institute of South Africa (AISA) during its 2003ñ2004 financial year for purposes of mapping out on a regular basis critical issue areas relating to intra- and inter-African as well as extra-African relations. The first and second volumes of the series were published in 2004 and 2008 respectively. Volume 1: The State of Africa: Thematic and Factual Review served as an exploratory piece and covered a broad range of issues relating to politics and governance, millennium development goals (MDGs), peace and conflict and regional development. Volume 2: The State of Africa: Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Development focused thematically and examined ñ from critical and comprehensive perspectives ñ issues associated with post-conflict in Africa. The volume was grounded on the continentís quest for conflict prevention, management and resolution as a means of creating an enabling environment for the consolidation of democracy and reconstruction of societies affected by crisis in general and war in particular. This volume, Volume 3: Parameters and Legacies of Governance and Issue Areas takes a multi-pronged and multi-faceted approach to some of these issues by providing in-depth analysis of dynamics at national, regional, continental and international levels. The global transformation in the 1980s and 1990s, which witnessed the crumbling of the Soviet Union, the Warsaw Pact and opened a window of opportunities for EastñWest bipolar rapprochement, particularly between the United States and Russia, also had impact on Africa at the national, regional and continental levels. Focusing on conceptual units, such as the state, indigenous organisations, regional and continental organisations as well as selected priority issues ñ in particular gender and empowerment, the global South, and space science ñ the chapters in the book provide useful insights into the nature and impact of the transformation and its impact on the socio-economic and politico-security situation in Africa.

Published by: African Books Collective

Title Page, Copyright Page

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Contents

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pp. iii-iv

About the Editors

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pp. v-vi

About the Contributors

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pp. vii-viii

Abbreviations, Acronyms and Concepts

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pp. ix-xiv

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Introduction. Conceptual and Issue Areas in Context

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pp. xv-xxxi

The State of Africa series project was conceived by the Africa Institute of South Africa (AISA) during its 2003–2004 financial year for purposes of mapping out on a regular basis critical issue areas relating to intra- and inter-African as well as extra-African relations...

PART 1. Local and National Dimensions

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CHAPTER 1. Managing Diversity and Competitive Politics

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pp. 3-20

Nation-building remains a major development challenge for many African states in the post-colonial epoch, particularly now in the context of accelerated globalisation bedevilled by the current global economic meltdown. Part of this challenge manifests itself...

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CHAPTER 2. The African Post-Colonial State/Post-Adjustment State and the Social Contract

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pp. 21-36

Any interrogation of the reality of the post-colonial/post-adjustment state, and its associated social reality in Africa, has to subject the very idea of the state to thorough scrutiny. The word that will, of necessity, have to occupy centre stage in that process is: war. This is no simple task, given the fact that in many remote parts...

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CHAPTER 3. Indigenous Organisations, Social Movements and the Nigerian State

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pp. 37-50

As proclivities that are likely to develop in any organised society irrespective of the existing forms of governance, indigenous organisations and social movements, are not novel in state–civil society discourse. The literature in this area is replete with a plethora...

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CHAPTER 4. Human Security in Africa

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pp. 51-66

Sub-Saharan Africa appears to be the most endangered region in the world. This is partly the result of the overall poor performance of African countries in key indices of development and the numerous challenges that threaten its development and stability...

PART 2. Regional and Continental Reconstruction Governance, Security and Economic Dimensions

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CHAPTER 5 Politics and Governance in Africa

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pp. 69-86

A proper understanding of the context in which African states deal with the myriad of issues facing them requires an appreciation of the nature of politics and governance on the continent.1 The issues, suffice to say, are numerous and complex. Many of Africa’s problems...

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CHAPTER 6. Pan-African Governance Architecture: Prospects and Future

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pp. 87-102

Since the 1960s, African countries have undertaken significant initiatives with a view to achieving industrial prosperity by integrating their economies and promoting regional political cooperation or unity. Notable among these initiatives was the creation of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) in 1963. The OAU’s objective...

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CHAPTER 7. African Renaissance, African Conflicts and the Regional Security Complex

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pp. 103-118

The transformation of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) into the African Union (AU) brought fresh perspectives to the continental body’s approach to conflict resolution. Whereas the OAU had a policy of ‘non-interference’ in the internal affairs of...

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CHAPTER 8. Intra-African Trade and Economic Development

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pp. 119-134

The growth of regional trading blocs has been one of the major developments in international relations across the world in recent years. Virtually all countries are now members of at least one bloc or trade arrangement; and more recently, more than one-third of world trade has been found to take place within such agreements – nearly two-thirds...

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CHAPTER 9. Market Reforms and Socioeconomic Development in Africa

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pp. 135-152

The late 20th and early 21st centuries were characterised by the triumphalism of the liberal capitalist ideology encapsulated in market reforms and liberal democracy. Francis Fukuyama, celebrating the ascendance of the neo-liberal orthodoxy, suggested that..

PART 3. External Relations and Issue Areas

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CHAPTER 10. Africa in Emerging International Forums

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pp. 155-170

Tony Blair’s unease about development in Africa reflects the debates about Africa’s ambiguous relations with multilateral institutions. Against the backdrop of prosperity and cosmopolitanism elsewhere, there have always been misgivings about whether Africa...

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CHAPTER 11. Africa and its Traditional Western Partners

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pp. 171-194

It is neither superfluous nor an exaggeration to observe that post-Cold War politics can be characterised as a period of partnership. Global and regional institutions, states, major non-governmental organisations (NGOs), and the specialised agencies of the UN...

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CHAPTER 12. Africa and the Emerging Global South

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pp. 195-210

To discuss Africa alongside the Emerging Global South (EGS) implies that Africa is part of the South, but not part of the EGS. So, what is the EGS? And are all African countries excluded from the category of EGS? These questions are just food for thought as we...

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CHAPTER 13. Women and Gender: Beyond the Rituals of Empowerment

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pp. 211-226

In rethinking women’s experiences and the rituals of their empowerment, feminist and gender researchers have continued to focus on gender relations and the consequences of segregationist policies despite highly sought after gender balance and good governance across the world. Using thematically the Nigerian-African example...

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CHAPTER 14. The State of Space Science in Africa

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pp. 227-242

In the past 15 years there has been much deliberation, discussion and agreement on measures to promote science and technology across Africa. These include, on the one hand, the expressed need to coordinate space science efforts in Africa and on...

PART 4. Conclusion

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CHAPTER 15. Conclusion Confronting Africa’s Developmental Challenges

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pp. 245-252

The picture painted by this volume reveals that Africa is not moving forward; it remains the poorest continent on earth, having been left far behind by Asia with which it was almost at par in the early 1960s. In some analyses the situation is painted as worsening...

Back Cover

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p. 288-288


E-ISBN-13: 9780798303194
Print-ISBN-13: 9780798302401

Page Count: 286
Illustrations: b/w
Publication Year: 2010