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Ideology, Party Change, and Electoral Campaigns in Israel, 1965-2001

Jonathan Mendilow

Publication Year: 2003

Explores the turbulent changes in Israel party politics since the mid-1960s. The tumultuous and rapid political change experienced by Israel since 1965 has been reflected in the history of its party system. In this book, Jonathan Mendilow examines the party and party system transformations through the lens of the electoral campaigns that defined and reflected them. He shows that the relative stability of the dominant party system bequeathed from the pre-independence era was shattered in the 1960s, and replaced by cluster parties that vied for power in the ideological center, only to decline and be replaced in turn in the 1980s and early 1990s by ideological party blocs locked in centrifugal competition. With the separate direct election of the prime minister since the mid-1990s, there has been yet a third profound realignment in party structures, ideologies, and modes of campaigning, according to Mendilow.

Published by: State University of New York Press

TItle Page, Copyright

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CONTENTS

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pp. v-vi

TABLES

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p. vii-vii

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

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pp. ix-

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Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION

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pp. 1-25

"An anecdote is a short, concentrated, and structured narrative leading up climactically to an unexpected point whose significance may extend beyond the particular event described. One example is the meeting arranged by Menachem Begin— leader of the Likud, the main center-right opposition party in Israel, and Hillel Seidel of the Independent Liberal Party (IL), a junior partner in the labor-led government..."

Part I THE CLUSTER PARTY SYSTEM

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pp. 27-

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Chapter 2 THE FORMATION OF THE CLUSTER PARTIES

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pp. 28-58

"More than a century and a half ago the famous historian and man of letters, Thomas Carlyle, warned against our being bemused by the mass of information that, especially in times of rapid change, leads us to focus attention on events separately, as though they were complete, self-contained stories. As he put it, at time when all things seem to 'resolve themselves into chaos,' one is liable to forget..."

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Chapter Three THE LOGIC OF THE NEW PARTY SYSTEM

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pp. 59-90

"Economic entrepreneurs are most likely to employ one of two basic modes of operation. They may first explore the customers’ needs and then attempt to satisfy them ahead of rivals. Alternatively, they may seek to shape the customers’ taste, thereby creating a need for their merchandise. The fashion industry offers a..."

Part II THE PARTY-BLOC SYSTEM

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pp. 91-

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Chapter 4 THE TRANSITION TO THE PARTY-BLOC SYSTEM

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pp. 92-121

"If it is a truism that history never repeats itself, it is equally true that many of the broad patterns underlying history certainly do. This would seem to hold for the development of the Israeli party system between the rise of the Likud to power and the final phase of the campaign for the general elections of 1981."

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Chapter 5 THE CAMPAIGNS OF 1988 AND 1992 AND THE HEYDAY OF THE PARTY-BLOC SYSTEM

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pp. 122-156

"A paradox can be defined as a truth turned inside out. This would certainly apply to the extraordinary situation that transpired in consequence of the 1984 electoral results. When the dust settled, Israel found itself in a crisis of functional efficacy. Labor won a plurality of Knesset seats, but together with the parties ready to..."

Part III THE PARLIA-PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEM

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pp. 157-

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Chapter 6 THE LOGIC OF THE NEW SYSTEM: CANDIDATES IN SEARCH OF CENTERS

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pp. 158-185

"Common to the various versions of the Israeli party system hitherto discussed was the gradualness of their development. Even when a political actor such as Begin planned ahead fundamental change, its salient characteristics became apparent only with time. The final metamorphosis that came about in the twentieth century differed in this regard. Although some of the outstanding features of the..."

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Chapter 7 STRADDLING THE MILLENNIUM

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pp. 186-230

"Netanyahu’s narrow victory did not remedy the Likud’s basic malady, but it did ensure a remission. From dwelling chiefly on the peace process, the top leaders, now ministers, had to extend their concerns. Frictions within the party itself had been reduced as most of its prominent members moderated their tone. This in part was due to the tendency of those benefiting from government positions to be..."

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Chapter 8 EPILOGUE: A COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE

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pp. 231-249

"Research is akin to a journey of exploration into areas of a country that have hitherto been inadequately mapped. It is not necessarily limited however to first encounters with foreign lands such as those proclaimed by the mappa mundi to be the haunt of monsters and dragons. Often enough it examines a known terrain..."

NOTES

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pp. 250-282

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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pp. 283-292

INDEX

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pp. 293-300


E-ISBN-13: 9780791487501
E-ISBN-10: 0791487504
Print-ISBN-13: 9780791455876
Print-ISBN-10: 0791455874

Page Count: 300
Illustrations: 18 tables
Publication Year: 2003

Series Title: SUNY series in Israeli Studies
Series Editor Byline: Russell Stone

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Subject Headings

  • Israel -- Politics and government.
  • Representative government and representation -- Israel.
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