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Reconciling Yogas

Haribhadra's Collection of Views on Yoga With a New Translation of Haribhadra's Yogadrstisamuccaya by Christopher Key Chapple and John Thomas Casey

Christopher Key Chapple, John Thomas Casey

Publication Year: 2003

Reconciling Yogas explores five approaches to the accomplishment of Yoga from a variety of religious perspectives: Jaina, Hindu, and Buddhist. Haribhadra, a prolific Jaina scholar who espoused a universal view of religion, proclaimed that truth can be found in all faiths and sought to elucidate differences between various schools of thought. In Yoga, he discovered a form of spiritual practice common to many faiths and juxtaposed their paths to demonstrate the common goal of liberation. Utilizing the structure of Patañjali’s advanced eightfold path of Yoga in the Yoga Suµtra, Haribhadra formulates his own eight stages of Yoga to which he assigns titles in the feminine gender that echo the names of goddesses. Discussed are the Jaina stages of spiritual ascent and two forms of Yoga for which there is no other account. Also included is a new translation of the Yogadr|s|t|isamuccaya, an eighth-century text by Haribhadra.

Published by: State University of New York Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. iii-iv


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pp. vii-viii

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pp. ix-xii

Haribhadra combines two primary concerns that have sustained and propelled me as a theologian and Yoga practitioner: respect for a plurality of perspectives and respect for personhood. During my very first class on the Bhagavad Git

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CHAPTER ONE: The Life Story of Haribhadra

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pp. 1-14

Haribhadra lived in India during a time of great philosophical diversity. The aftermath of the post-Gupta, pre-Islamic era witnessed a proliferation of Pur

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CHAPTER TWO: Haribhadra and Pata

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pp. 15-38

The Yoga system of Patañjali provides the template upon which Haribhadra erects the Yogadrstisamuccaya. Patañjali’s system, based on Såmkhya philosophy, incorporates several key Buddhist practices and aspects of Jaina philosophy. By the time of Haribhadra...

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pp. 39-52

In the Yogadrstisamuccaya. , Haribhadra describes three systems of Yoga for which we have no other account. The first is attributed to Haribhadra himself and incorporates terminology reflective of the Tantric movement that flourished during his time, as will be discussed in chapter six...

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CHAPTER FOUR: Centrality of the Real

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pp. 53-64

Jainism’s core religious philosophy, as articulated by Umåsvåti in the Tattvårtha Sutra, asserts that the world is real, that the soul is real, and that the religious path involves a gradual ascent through sequential stages (guoeasthåna), away from the influences of karma...

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CHAPTER FIVE: Purity in Pata

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pp. 65-74

Jainism emphasizes the purification of one’s karma through rigorous abstention from tainted, violent behavior as the only path of liberation. Buddhists and Vedåntins alike have characterized Jainas as holding extreme views, and they have developed different theologies...

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CHAPTER SIX: Haribhadra’s Critique of Tantric Yoga

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pp. 75-86


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CHAPTER SEVEN: Haribhadra’s Sociology of Yoga and Its Culmination

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pp. 87-98

One of the fascinating aspects of Haribhadra’s Yogadrstisamuccaya. lies in its description of different styles of Yoga practiced in eighth-century India. In this chapter we examine his descriptions of these Yogas: Kula, Gotravanta, Pravrttacakra, and Avañcaka...

Yogadrstisamuccaya (A Collection of Views on Yoga)

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pp. 99-152


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pp. 153-162


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pp. 163-166


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pp. 167-170

E-ISBN-13: 9780791486023
Print-ISBN-13: 9780791458990
Print-ISBN-10: 0791458997

Page Count: 182
Illustrations: 51 tables
Publication Year: 2003

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Subject Headings

  • Haribhadrasūri, 700-770. Yogadr̥ṣṭisamuccaya.
  • Yoga -- Jainism.
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