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Collective Preventive Diplomacy

A Study in International Conflict Management

Barry H. Steiner

Publication Year: 2004

Powerful nations have often assumed a leadership role in international relations by becoming involved in ethnic conflict arising within small states. Recently however, their willingness to do so, at least unilaterally, has diminished. This study focuses on why and how powerful nations have acted together to dampen or forestall the expansion of small state conflicts while limiting potential risks to themselves. Employing a case-study method, Barry H. Steiner distinguishes between two types of collective preventive diplomacy, the insulationist and the interventionist. In the former, powerful nations are motivated to contain small power conflict in order to preserve their relations with other powerful nations. In the latter, they act to settle conflict between the small power antagonists themselves.

Published by: State University of New York Press

Title and Copyright Pages

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Contents

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pp. vii-

Tables and Illustrations

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pp. ix-x

Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

Part 1: Framework ad Concepts

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1. Introduction

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pp. 3-22

Divisions within small states have in recent years been the most important cause of war.1 This study focuses on violence or threat of violence induced by small-state ethnic conflict as a collective great-power agenda issue. Its interests are both empirical and prescriptive. ...

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2. Insulation and Intervention

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pp. 23-40

Insulation, neglected in the PD literature, commonly takes precedence as a great power objective over intervention and conditions the scope and will of the major states to become involved in intrastate local conflict. That conclusion, and the discussion of the problems—for the major states as...

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3. Forging Great-Power Consensus

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pp. 41-62

To explain shifts in collective PD, this study traces collaboration and dis- cord in great-power relations. Both elements shape great-power responses to small-state conflict, and major state influence over the small-state antagonists. But coping with small-state conflict is, as already...

Part 2: The History

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4. Eight Cases

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pp. 65-83

The following profiles of eight cases form the building blocks for the analytical portion of this study. Each profile has been prepared to address the same seven questions listed in table 1.3, simplifying and abstracting from a variety of writings about the case to convey how specific local...

Part 3: Case Analysis

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5. Local Ethnic Conflict as an International Problem

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pp. 87-105

The interplay between localized ethnic antagonists and the international political environment is evident in the earliest stages of the cases presented in chapter 4. This chapter studies the emergence of local ethnic conflicts and the impact of the great powers upon them. ...

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6. Great-Power Objectives and Agenda Making

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pp. 107-120

Moving beyond the local aspects of great-power PD initiatives, this study now addresses the timing and scope of PD in terms of great-power relationships. The interest here is in how relations between the major states affect their willingness and ability to practice insulationist...

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7. Conciliating the Antagonists

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pp. 121-142

Having discussed the background to collective PD, giving special attention to great-power attitudes and relationships, this study now turns to the effect collective diplomacy has on the primary antagonists. Interventionist PD includes conciliatory and voluntaristic aspects, ...

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8. From Conciliation to Coercion

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pp. 143-166

Collective interventionist PD initiatives are commonly resisted by one or more primary antagonists, and this resistance tests the will of the great powers to sustain them. This chapter is concerned with the issue of collective enforcement of great-power views: how, given local...

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9. The Endgame

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pp. 167-191

This study has argued that the great powers have been more preoccupied with preventing local ethnic conflict from undermining their own relationships than with defusing conflict between the local antagonists. It has further maintained that collective major-state influence on the local...

Part 4: Conclusions

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10. Implications for Policy

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pp. 195-212

This study has been designed, as indicated, to facilitate collective insulationist and interventionist PD. To assist this objective, the major themes of this study are now linked to the needs of policymakers and policy planners, in two respects: first, by providing diagnoses of...

Notes

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pp. 213-236

Selected Bibliography

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pp. 237-244

List of Titles in the SUNY series in Global Politics

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pp. 245-247

Index [Includes Back Cover]

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pp. 249-255


E-ISBN-13: 9780791485637
Print-ISBN-13: 9780791459874
Print-ISBN-10: 079145987X

Page Count: 267
Illustrations: 16 tables, 4 figures
Publication Year: 2004

Series Title: SUNY series in Global Politics
Series Editor Byline: James N. Rosenau