Globalization, Security, and the Nation State
Paradigms in Transition
Publication Year: 2005
Published by: State University of New York Press
Title Page, Copyright
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This edited book arose from an international conference on Globalization, Security, and the Nation State, held in Ankara in June 2002. The conference and subsequent volume would not have been possible without financial and administrative support from the Center for Eurasian Strategic Studies in Ankara, and in particular its director,...
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We live in a time of enormous contradictions, of dualities that are moving people and societies in opposite directions. Some paradigms are coming undone and yet others are as fixed as ever. Changes and transformations are pervasive and yet constancies persist. Globalizing processes are accelerating and yet localizing processes remain powerful. Many...
Part I. Reconceptualizing Security
1. Security in the Age of Globalization: Separating Appearance from Reality
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This chapter makes several arguments. First, it contends that the proponents of globalization (those who insist that the free market is now firmly in the driver’s seat and will determine the future trajectory of the international system) and the exponents of a global society (those who advocate solidarist norms for global governance) overestimate the nature...
2. Two Terrors, One Problem
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The starting point of my argument is that when it comes to the theory and practice of security, we have seen the past and it did not work.To advance this proposition, I want to make three further claims: that human society is confronted by a world-historical crisis and not just a temporary period of international turmoil; that the interacting dynamics of the...
3. The National Security State and Global Terrorism: Why the State Is Not Prepared for the New Kind of War
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The effects of globalization on the national security state are multifaceted, as exemplified by the chapters in this volume. This chapter specifically addresses the question of global terrorism, a key manifestation of the transformed globalized threat environment, and its impact on the national security state. The rise of global terrorism as a major challenge to the nation-state has occurred...
Part II. State Transformations and Responses
4. The Rise of the Trading State Revisited
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In 1986, Richard Rosecrance’s The Rise of the Trading State captured the sense and imagery of a new era, as international relations were evolving toward a greater emphasis on economics rather than security. Rosecrance powerfully and persuasively argued that shifts in technology had made conquest for economic gain foolhardy. In the current era, states were...
State Transformation and New Security Dilemmas
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The entire discipline of International Relations (IR) is predicated on the idea that sovereign states are valuable places. They are precious because they provide— or are at least expected to provide—basic social values for their citizens: security, freedom, order, justice and welfare. Historically, other types of social organizations have catered to these values, for example, bands,...
6. Anarchy Meets Globalization: A New Security Dilemma for the Modernizing State
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The mainstream of globalization and the state literature theorizes that state capacity is undergoing a transformation; however, it has been unable to operationalize the dynamics of the change. This chapter attempts to address that gap by exploring how states, which have been designed in reaction to the state-centric system and its primary demand of survival at home...
Part III. Regional Reflections
7. Global Challenges to Russia’s National Security: Any Chances for Resisting/Bandwagoning/Adapting/ Contributing to an Emerging World Order?
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The term “globalization” has been a popular word among Russian politicians, academics, and journalists since the early 1990s. Even among academics, however, globalization remains a rather vague notion. Depending on their theoretical underpinnings or research objectives, Russian analysts offer quite different interpretations of this phenomenon. Following a brief overview...
8. Globalization and (In)Security in AMENA: A Contextual Double-pronged Analysis
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Current debates and issues within security studies are bypassing the Arab Middle East and North Africa (AMENA) in the sense that the major countries of the region seem to be remaining victims of traditional security issues and have not yet woken up to newer security aspects. According to these debates, the Middle East is an exception to what is..
9. The Constellation of Securities in Europe
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A chapter on European security written in the shadow from the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington on September 11, 2001, easily turns into a search for the European reaction, the place of terrorism in European threat perceptions and the impact of 9/11 on conceptions of security in Europe. Similarly, a conference on globalization and security seems...
Part IV. Emerging International Patterns
10. The Security Dynamics of a 1 4 World
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This chapter1 addresses the question: After bipolarity, what? Contrary to the prevailing mode of polarity theory in neorealism, the argument is based on a distinction between great powers and superpowers, with regional powers as the most useful way of designating the next rank down. The basis for the differentiation between superpowers and great powers...
11. Prospects for a New World Order
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The conclusion of E. H. Carr’s (1961) Twenty Years’ Crisis, entitled “The Prospects of a New International Order,” comprises an inquiry into how power and morality could be combined in the design of a peaceful world. This chapter draws on Carr’s approach to consider the same question. There are several reasons for looking back to Carr’s contribution at this...
12. Turbulence and Terrorism: Reframing or Readjusting the Model?
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Widespread is the understanding that the terrorism of September 11, 2001, constituted a system perturbation (SP) so profound as to initiate transformations of local, domestic, and international life wherein long-standing structures everywhere have given way to new patterns, orientations, and practices. As one analyst put it, “few veteran foreign policy watchers...
Conclusion: Seeking Conceptual Links for Changing Paradigms
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Scholars of globalization studies have suffered from what could be called an uneasy preoccupation with definitional issues. Naturally so, perhaps, when we consider that it is still nearly impossible to attend a conference on globalization without hearing globalization critics’ cries of “Haven’t you defined it yet?” Books on the topic of globalization often carry a tone of apology...
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SUNY series in Global Politics
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Page Count: 290
Illustrations: 4 tables, 1 figure
Publication Year: 2005