Sartre and Adorno
The Dialectics of Subjectivity
Publication Year: 2007
Published by: State University of New York Press
Title Page, Copyright Page
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As with any significant undertaking, there are many people whose support, whether intellectual or emotional, warrants an expression of appreciation, and it is my pleasure to discharge this debt here. Earlier drafts of this book were reviewed by Kathy Higgins, Kelly Oliver, Harry Cleaver, ...
Abbreviations Used in the Text and Notes
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Since the late 1960s, during which time various strains of poststructuralism and critical theoryâs linguistic turn have largely demarcated the field in continental philosophy, there has really been only one point of agreement among the preponderance of continental philosophersâ namely, that any philosophical ...
PART 1. Adorno's Relation to the Existential and Phenomenological Traditions
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Adornoâs engagement with the existential and phenomenological traditions was deep and long running. From his 1924 doctoral dissertation (âThe Transcendence of the Material and Noematic in Husserlâs Phenomenologyâ) and 1931 Habilitationsschrift (âThe Construction of the Aesthetic in Kierkegaardâ) ...
1 Adorno and Kierkegaard
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Kierkegaard: Construction of the Aesthetic, first published in 1933,1 is a modified version of Adornoâs Habilitationsschrift, which had been written a few years earlier. The book, which is critical of Kierkegaard, was at odds with the sentiment of the time, for Kierkegaardâs thought was experiencing a renaissance in ...
2 Adorno and Heidegger
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While Adorno deals most extensively with Heidegger in The Jargon of Authenticity and Negative Dialectics, which were both written in the 1960s,1 his engagement with Heideggerâs philosophy traversed his entire career. As is evidenced by âThe Actuality of Philosophyâ and âThe Idea of Natural History,â ...
3 Adorno and Husserl
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Kierkegaard and Heidegger both flee from the subject-object dialectic, albeit in diametrically opposed ways: Kierkegaard withdraws from the profane world into subjective inwardness so as to preserve his âpersonal meaning,â while Heidegger rejects subjectivity in his quest to recover the âmeaning of Being.â ...
PART II. Subjectivity in Sartre's Existential Phenomenology
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Sartreâs earliest works build mostly on the philosophy of Husserl, but unlike Husserl, who holds on to the notion of a transcendental ego that categorially intuits the object in its essence, Sartre rejects the notion of a transcendental ego altogether. In this way, as we shall see, Sartreâs brand of phenomenology is ...
4 The Frankfurt School's Critique of Sartre
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Although Horkheimer had wanted the Frankfurt School to undertake a comprehensive analysis of Sartreâs philosophy,1 the only consideration of it that was anything more than superficial was Marcuseâs 1948 article âExistentialism: Remarks on Jean-Paul Sartreâs LâÃtre et le NÃ©ant.â 2 Before I proceed to consider this ...
5 Sartreâs Relation to His Predecessors in the Phenomenological and Existential Traditions
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Classic philosophical questions concerning the nature of âBeing,â âKnowing,â and âDeathâ tend to preoccupy Sartreâs predecessors in the phenomenological and existential traditions, and these questions also find their way into Sartreâs work. In this chapter, I shall consider Sartreâs relation to these perennial ...
6 Sartreâs Mediating Subjectivity
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Sartreâs phenomenological ontology implies that as agents in the world we must, practically speaking, experience ourselves as free and responsible, but this does not mean that it is Sartreâs claim that we are âabsolutelyâ free, as so many critics in addition to Adorno and Marcuse have maintained. Matters are far more ...
PART III. Adornoâs Dialectic of Subjectivity
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Because Adorno emphasizes the relation between enlightenment subjectivism and an oppressive historical dialectic, many commentators claim that he all but rejects the subject. This conclusion, which is often based on Adornoâs analysis of the subjectâs genesis and historical development in Dialectic of Enlightenment ...
7 The (De)Formation of the Subject
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In contrast to Being and Nothingness, which considers the subject from the phenomenological standpoint, and therefore does not call into question such âfirst personâ notions as freedom and responsibility (because, practically speaking, we must operate under these ideas), Dialectic of Enlightenment considers ...
8 Subjectivity and Negative Dialectics
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During 1963, Adorno published three monographs on Hegelâ âAspects of Hegelâs Philosophy,â âThe Experiential Content of Hegelâs Philosophy,â and âSkoteinos, or How to Read Hegelââin a small book titled Hegel: Three Studies. In the Preface to this book, Adorno says that âthe work as a whole is intended as a preparation ...
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Page Count: 340
Publication Year: 2007
Series Title: SUNY series in Contemporary Continental Philosophy
Series Editor Byline: Dennis J. Schmidt