The Riparian Politics of the Jordan River Basin
Publication Year: 2007
Published by: State University of New York Press
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List of Maps, Tables, and Figures
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The title of this work, Cooperating Rivals, has a double meaning. First, rivals as generally understood are competitors who pursue the same object. Second, the word “rival” is derived from the Latin, rivalis, one utilizing the same river as another. The title thus reflects the focus of this work: riparian cooperation and conflict in a competitive setting. The book’s cover picture is of Israeli Prime...
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In 1979, a group of Israeli water experts secretly crossed the Yarmouk River to enemy territory in Jordan. Their Jordanian counterparts greeted them, and discussions ensued concerning the difficult issue of sharing scarce water resources. These talks and subsequent cooperation continued for a surprisingly long time—the next fifteen years before Jordan and Israel signed a formal peace...
2. State-Building and Water Development, 1920–1956
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This chapter examines the formative years (1920–1956) of the Arab-Israeli/Zionist conflict, particularly the water disputes between the players. During this period, the parties developed unilateral and often-competing water development schemes. In response, the United States mediated among Jordan-basin states and negotiated a regional water plan. This well-publicized...
3. Water Development and Conflict,1957–1967
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Water politics in the period between 1957 and 1967 were shaped by three new factors: a shift in US diplomacy toward more modest goals, the growing Soviet-American rivalry that influenced the Middle East conflict, and a radicalization of Arab states’ preferences toward Israel and the West. After the1956 Suez War, the Arab-Israeli conflict became routinized and US diplomacy...
4. The Yarmouk, 1967–1994
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The Yarmouk River and not the upper Jordan became the focal point of the Jordan River basin riparian dispute during the post–1967 War period. In the June 1967 Middle East War, Israel captured the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, the Golan Heights, and East Jerusalem. Besides these...
5. The West Bank and Gaza, 1948–1992
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From the Johnston mission’s focus on resettling Palestinian refugees to delays in the construction of the Maqarin Dam in part because of a West Bank water allocation dispute, the Palestinian question has continued to play an important part in the politics of the Jordan River basin. With that said the material available to this researcher and incorporated within this book positions the West Bank and Gaza—the prospective future Palestinian state—along with...
6. The 1990s Madrid Peace Processand After, 1991–2006
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Not since the 1950s and the Johnston mission did Jordan River riparians negotiate and resolve so many water-related issues as they did through the 1990s Madrid Peace Process. Even so, water remains a difficult political and economic issue for the Jordan riparians. Some of the water agreements ratified in the 1990s have a tactical functional cooperation foundation, which...
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This chapter summarizes the results of this study’s investigation into what leads states in a protracted conflict to cooperate or to compete over scarce water resources. By examining contemporary international security, environmental studies, and US foreign policy literature, this book identifies several prominent debates and arguments that help explain how states in a protracted...
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SUNY series in Global Politics
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Page Count: 310
Illustrations: 9 maps, 8 tables, 2 figures
Publication Year: 2007