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Negotiating Democracy

Media Transformations in Emerging Democracies

Isaac A. Blankson, Patrick D. Murphy

Publication Year: 2007

Negotiating Democracy addresses issues that have defined the challenges and consequences of media transformation faced by new and emerging democracies. These issues include the dismantling of national broadcasting systems, the promotion of private independent and pluralistic media, the clash between liberal democratic and authoritarian political traditions, negotiations about the appropriate broadcast language, and the potential for free press and for freedom of speech. The contributors use examples from countries such as Cambodia, Bulgaria, Iran, Nigeria, and Taiwan to not only provide detailed analysis of regional and/or nation-specific cases of media, but also to identify transnational patterns that help deepen the understanding of the media’s role in globalization.

Published by: State University of New York Press

Contents

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pp. v-vi

Figures

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pp. vii-

Tables

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pp. ix-

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-

We have benefited from the encouragement and support of many colleagues, friends, and family members in completing this book.We would like to offer our deepest gratitude to the contributing authors of this book for their hard work and commitment to the project...

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Introduction: Media and Democracy in the Age of Globalization

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pp. 1-11

Agents of participatory democracy or purveyors of consumer capitalism? Guardians of the public sphere or lap dogs of the power elite? Much of the debate about media’s role in the “democratization” of various societies around the world demands an examination of the implications of such questions...

PART ONE. Regional Trends in Media and Democracy

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pp. 13-74

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1. Media Independence and Pluralism in Africa: Opportunities and Challenges of Democratization and Liberalization

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pp. 15-34

Africa's transition into democratization and the global free market economy in the 1990s emerged alongside the transformation of national broadcasting systems connected to authoritarian regimes, the promotion of independent and plural media, and the proliferation of new media channels...

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2. Vestiges of Authoritarianism: Monopoly Broadcasting in Central America

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pp. 35-50

In more of Central America, although radio remains the dominant medium, television’s ascendancy as a popular and dominant medium is raising new concerns. In most of the countries that make up the ribbonlike isthmus connecting North and South America, a dominant television broadcasting...

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3. Emerging Media Transformations in the New Europe: Past and Future Challenges

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pp. 51-74

The last decade of the 20th century constitutes a two-fold revolution for the southeastern, eastern, and central European countries engaging civil society transformation, developing democratic institutions, and liberalizing the media. These revolutionary transformations from state control toward...

PART TWO. State Control, Liberalization,and Democratic Reform

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pp. 75-176

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4. An Awakening in Cambodia: From Failed State to a Media-Rich Society

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pp. 77-97

Cambodia is known for the agonizing political turmoil of the 1970s and 1980s, a chaos that prompted even opposition leader Sam Rainsy to label it a “failed . . . sovereign democratic nation” (Rainsy, 2002). It was marked by civil war, a murderous Maoist government, and then humiliating occupation...

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5. First Democracy in Chinese History: Media’s Role in the Democratization of Taiwan

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pp. 99-121

The democratization of Taiwan, considered by China a “breakaway” island province off its southeastern coast, in a peaceful manner since the lifting of the 38–year-old martial law in July 1987 is without parallel in Chinese history. For the first time in the more than 5,000 years of recorded...

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6. Nigeria: Equivocating while Opening the Broadcast Liberalization Gates

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pp. 123-142

Usually, broadcast market liberalization is associated with a democracy. The broadcast market liberalization effort that moved swiftly throughout the world from the 1980s had its roots in the ideological changes, which began in the late 1970s in east Europe, Africa, and elsewhere. Nations...

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7. Media, the State, and the Prodemocracy Movement in Iran

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pp. 143-160

The ongoing conflicts in the Middle East and the Iraq War have recently highlighted the importance of the Middle East to international affairs and to the global economy vis-

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8. Transformations and Development of the Korean Broadcasting Media

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pp. 161-176

The Korean broadcasting industry has experienced tremendous change in both scope and scale over the past two decades. The oligopolistic structure of the two public broadcasting networks existed in the 1980s with the Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) and Munhwa Broadcasting...

PART THREE. Television, Radio,Globalization, and Democracy

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pp. 177-258

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9. Reality Television, Politics,and Democratization in the Arab World

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pp. 179-198

The most popular and controversial television programs in the Arab world are “reality” shows such as Super Star and Star Academy, broadcast by satellite to viewers from Morocco to Iraq. These shows claim to be live, nonscripted and therefore “real” and rely on audience participation in the form of...

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10. Democracy Sponsored by NAFTA? Mexican Television in the Free Trade Era

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pp. 199-218

These statements raise questions at the heart of this book’s theme: how are political and economic changes linked in globalization processes, and what roles do national and international media play in advancing those changes? Mazza articulates a widely held belief among advocates of neoliberal...

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11. First Green Is Always Gold: An Examination of the First Private National Channel in Bulgaria

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pp. 219-238

The growth of communication systems in modern capitalist societies has been inextricably linked to both the rise of mass democracy and the growth of mass consumption. However, from the very beginning, commentators of a variety of political and cultural hues have pointed out the...

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12. Globalization and the Privatization of Radio in Greece: Influences, Issues, and Consequences

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pp. 239-258

In 1983, almost 50 years after the Greek government established the statecontrolled Radio Broadcasting Service, the movement to privatize Greek radio emerged advocating pluralism (Sims, 1990; Zaharopoulos & Paraschos, 1993).1 Composed of pirate radio broadcasters, intellectuals, and activists from all sides...

Notes on the Editors and Contributors

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pp. 259-264

Index

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pp. 265-285


E-ISBN-13: 9780791479353
Print-ISBN-13: 9780791472330

Page Count: 297
Illustrations: 9 tables
Publication Year: 2007

Series Title: SUNY series in Global Media Studies
Series Editor Byline: Yahya R. Kamalipour

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Subject Headings

  • Democracy -- Case studies.
  • Mass media -- Political aspects -- Case studies.
  • Mass media -- Social aspects -- Case studies.
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