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Global Neighborhoods

Jewish Quarters in Paris, London, and Berlin

Michel S. Laguerre

Publication Year: 2008

Looks at how contemporary Jewish neighborhoods interact with both local and transnational influences. Global Neighborhoods analyzes the organization of everyday life and the social integration of contemporary Jewish neighborhoods in Paris, London, and Berlin. Concentrating on the post-Holocaust era, Michel S. Laguerre explains how each urban diasporic site has followed a different path of development influenced by the local milieu in which it is incorporated. He also considers how technology has enabled extraterritorial relations with Israel and other diasporic enclaves inside and outside the hostland. Shifting the frame of reference from assimilation theory to globalization theory and the information technology revolution, Laguerre argues that Jewish neighborhoods are not simply transnational social formations, but are fundamentally transglobal entities. Connected to multiple overseas diasporic sites, their interactions reach beyond their homelands, and they develop the logic of their social interactions inside this larger network of relationships. As with all transglobal communities, there is constant movement of people, goods, communications, ideas, images, and capital that sustains and adds vibrancy to everyday life. Since all are connected through the network, Laguerre contends that the variable shape of the local is affected by and affects the global.

Published by: State University of New York Press

Frontmatter

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

Figures, Tables, and Maps

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pp. ix-

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Preface

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pp. xi-xviii

The study of global metropolitan landscapes has taken a new strategic turn in regard to the conceptualization of their geographical and social parameters because of the diasporic revolution that such urban sites are experiencing. Diasporic communities in the information and digital age have revolutionized the modus operandi of Western European and ...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xix-xxi

The preparation of this book, including research, writing, and revisions of the manuscript, has benefited from the participation and collaboration of a number of people in each phase, including digital searches of library materials, sociological and ethnographical fieldwork in each of these neighborhoods, interviews of informants, transcription and ...

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Chapter 1: Neighborhood Globalization

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pp. 1-17

The study of European neighborhoods as “global ethnopolises” or “global chronopolises” can be used to understand the internal organization of the globalization process within the European Union.1 This “globalization from below” complements the “globalization from above” of international politics and trading practices between states. ...

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Chapter 2: Paris’s Jewish Quarter

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pp. 19-36

The Jewish quarters in Paris, London, and Berlin went through different phases in response to the Nazi forces or Gestapo occupation.1 Since not all of these Jewish neighborhoods were formally occupied, they each had different war experiences, which materialized in their built environments and demographic composition.2 ...

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Chapter 3: Berlin’s Jewish Quarter

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pp. 37-60

Scheunenviertel, the historic Jewish quarter in Berlin, provides an exemplary illustration for the study of the local history of the global.1 Globality is anchored in localities as nodes of its performances, as markers of its heterogeneity, and as signs that map its geography. Every locale brings its own set of constraints and limitations that choreograph ...

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Chapter 4: London’s Jewish Neighborhoods

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pp. 61-81

As we have just seen, global neighborhoods have their own ways of behaving as units of global networks as they constitute and feed the transglobal urban circuit. As we will now see, this explains why even when they are located in the same metropolis and participate in the same sets of relations with the homeland and other overseas sites, they ...

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Chapter 5: Residential Districts Versus Business Districts

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pp. 83-100

The Jewish quarter, like any ethnic neighborhood, has always had the double identity of serving as both a residential site and a business district. This is because of the inexpensive housing that attracts newcomers with meager means and the ethnic community that socializes them in the culture of the city. ...

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Chapter 6: The Jewish Quarter as a Global Chronopolis

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pp. 101-116

The Jewish quarters in Paris, Berlin, and London operate on the basis of a cultural time different from that of the rest of the surrounding cities. This temporal dimension is central to understanding the rationale of everyday life in these neighborhoods as global neighborhoods that are networked into the global chronopolis (“chronos” = time; “polis” = city). ...

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Chapter 7: Paris’s City Hall and the Jewish Quarter

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pp. 117-136

The relations of the neighborhood with city hall are a pivotal issue to analyze in order to understand the Jewish quarter’s manifold globalization. These relations have a global content, and their outcome disciplines some aspects of the shape of neighborhood globalization. This is so because ...

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Chapter 8: Heritage Tourism

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pp. 137-158

The notion of an ethnic neighborhood as a tourist attraction has a plural significance and history because of the many different meanings that this term encapsulates. Foreign tourists visit a place because of its exotic splendor; cities maintain or transform specific places for that purpose; the members, institutions, and culture of a diasporic group ...

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Chapter 9: The Jewish Quarter, Other Diasporic Sites, and Israel

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pp. 159-173

The globalization of the Jewish quarters in Paris, London, and Berlin is sustained by the transnational relations they maintain with extraterritorial sites such as the ancestral homeland of Israel and other diasporic Jewish communities throughout the world. These relations are familial, transactional, religious, or communicational. Far from ...

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Chapter 10: Information Technology and the Jewish Neighborhood

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pp. 175-193

Information technology (IT) has added another layer to the transnational relations between the European Jewish neighborhood, Israel, and other diasporic Jewish sites.1 In some cases, IT is the means through which transnational relations are maintained and sustained, while, in others, it is the means through which new relations are forged. ...

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Chapter 11: Neighborhoods of Globalization

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pp. 195-216

The spaces of globalization are not uniform because they include different places with unique traditions, cultures, and histories that make the whole circuit a coherent, but diversified landscape of networks of nodes. Each place deploys its own mode of globalization and relates ...

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Conclusion:Global Neighborhoods in the Global Metropolis

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pp. 217-227

The transformation of the local neighborhood in the metropolis into a global neighborhood as a node in a network of global sites has forced us to reposition our object of study. In this new light, the European neighborhood is now seen as located in a global circuit out of which the logic of its transnational integration emerges. ...

Notes

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pp. 229-245

References

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pp. 247-258

Index

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pp. 259-276


E-ISBN-13: 9780791477731
E-ISBN-10: 0791477738
Print-ISBN-13: 9780791475515
Print-ISBN-10: 0791475514

Page Count: 298
Illustrations: 4 maps, 3 tables, 7 figures
Publication Year: 2008