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Sport Policy in Canada

Lucie Thibault

Publication Year: 2013

Sport Policy in Canada provides the first and most comprehensive analysis of the new Canadian Sport Policy adopted in 2012. In light of this new policy, the authors, top scholars in the field, provide detailed accounts of the most salient sport policies and programs, while also discussing issues and challenges facing policy makers.
In Canada and around the world, the last decades have known a sharp increase in state intervention and public funding in pursuit of medals on the international stage and in support of a more active lifestyle. Governments at all levels have made substantial investments in hope of hosting major sporting events to benefit from the economic impact and gain international prestige.
The study of sport policies, often neglected in the past, is becoming an increasingly important research topic. Sport Policy in Canada seeks to fill this void by offering the most comprehensive analysis of sport policy since Macintosh, Bedecki, and Franks' Sport Policy in Canada (1987). 

Published by: University of Ottawa Press

Title Page, Copyright

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List of Figures

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pp. vii-

List of Tables

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pp. viii-ix

Abbreviations

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pp. x-xiii

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Acknowledgements

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pp. xv-

The editors and authors would like to acknowledge public servants from all levels of government involved in sport as well as leaders of various national, provincial and local non-profit sport organizations for their availability and their willingness to answer our questions about the policies that affect them and their organizations. We would especially...

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Introduction

Lucie Thibault. Jean Harvey

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pp. 1-8

The purpose of this book is to provide a comprehensive overview of current Canadian sport policy. More than ever, in order to understand the role and meaning of sport in society, it is important to recognize the inter-relations between the sport system and the state, to realize that numerous sport issues are indeed also public policy issues in which...

Section I: An Overview of Sport Policy in Canada

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Chapter I: The Evolution of Federal Sport Policy from 1960 to Today

Lucie Thibault, Jean Harvey

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pp. 11-35

As noted in the introduction to this book, contemporary analysis of government involvement in ‘amateur’ sport is not only warranted, it is essential given the significant changes that have occurred in Canadian sport and in federal government involvement in sport since the publications of Macintosh and his colleagues as well as others...

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Chapter II: Multi-Level Governance and Sport Policy in Canada

Jean Harvey

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pp. 37-68

A few years ago, I attended a reception at Ottawa’s National Arts Centre in honour of recently appointed members of the Order of Canada. The reason for my presence was the nomination of the late Major Jan Eisenhardt, who was appointed for his work as the leader of British Columbia’s Pro-Rec program in the 1930s, as well as for his presidency of Canada’s National Fitness...

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Chapter III: Canada and Sport for Development and Peace

Bruce Kidd

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pp. 69-94

Canadian policy makers, sport leaders and athletes eager to tackle the most pressing developmental challenges of our times have been at the forefront of the growing international effort to recruit sport and physical activity to the cause, the movement known as sport for development and peace (SDP). The idea is to use sport as an explicit strategy to help realize...

Section II: The Canadian Sport Policy and its Impact on the Sport System

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Chapter IV: Contemporary Policy Issues in High Performance Sport

Lisa M. Kikulis

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pp. 97-145

This chapter explores the contemporary high performance sport initiatives that are aimed at enhancing the performance of Canada’s athletes at international competitions—increasing medals won and sustaining such performance levels in the future. In a paper commissioned by the Federal-Provincial/Territorial Ministers Responsible for Sport...

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Chapter V: Athlete Development and Support

Lucie Thibault, Katherine Babiak

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pp. 146-176

Athletes play an important role in any sport system. Athlete development and excellence in international competitions have been central to Canada’s sport system for many years (cf. Macintosh, 1996; Macintosh, Bedecki, & Franks, 1987; Macintosh & Whitson, 1990). As so aptly noted by the leaders of AthletesCAN, an organization created for athletes by athletes, “athletes...

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Chapter VI: Sport Participation

Peter Donnelly

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pp. 177-213

In some ways, it is intriguing to write a chapter on ‘sport participation’ for a book on Sport Policy in Canada when Canada does not have a specific policy on sport participation. In fact, the only policy that is directly concerned with participation is Sport Canada’s Policy on Aboriginal People’s Participation in Sport (2005). Of course, many documents recognize the importance...

Section III: Policy Issues

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Chapter VII: Olympic ideals versus the Performance Imperative: The History of Canada's Anti-Doping Policies

Rob Beamish

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pp. 217-242

The Modern Olympic Games have always been plagued by the fundamental tension that exists between Baron Pierre de Coubertin’s original, lofty vision for the Games and the realities of modern, competitive sport. Throughout the twentieth century, this opposition has grown as the forces of modernity have increasingly permeated more and more aspects...

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Chapter VIII: Hosting Policies of Sport Events

Cora McCloy, Lucie Thibault

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pp. 243-265

Hallmark or “mega-events” are large-scale, planned occurrences of limited duration which can have a substantial social, economic, political, environmental and/or cultural impact on the host region (Emery, 2002; Essex & Chalkley, 1998; Hall & Hodges, 1998; Kavestos & Szymanski, 2010; McCloy, 2002; Roche, 2000; Whitson, 2004). Mega-events also involve significant mass media coverage...

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Chapter IX: The Double Helix: Aboriginal People and Sport Policy in Canada

Janice Forsyth, Victoria Paraschak

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pp. 267-293

In 2005, the federal government, through Canadian Heritage, released Sport Canada’s Policy on Aboriginal Peoples’ Participation in Sport (Canadian Heritage, 2005).1 It was a prolonged process, set in motion by a formal declaration of support from the federalprovincial/territorial ministers responsible for sport, recreation and fitness in 2002 and concluded...

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Chapter X: Policy on Sport for the Disabled

P. David Howe

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pp. 295-316

It is rather disappointing that a book on sport policy in Canada should require a chapter on issues related to persons with a disability. This is not a reflection on any research that has been carried out on sport policies, but rather it highlights that legislation and policy positions established by the government that deal with ‘sport for all’ have...

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Chapter XI: Women in Sport Policy

Parissa Safai

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pp. 317-349

No one can deny that Canadian women have a rich history of participation and leadership in sport and that the current state of Canadian sport—at all levels—involves, and is vitally dependent upon, women as athletes, coaches, volunteers, administrators, and leaders. That said, girls and women in Canada continue to face obstacles to full participation and representation...

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Chapter XII: Official Languages and the Canadian Sport System: Steady Progress, Constant Vigilance Needed

Graham Fraser

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pp. 351-379

Canada’s language policy applies to all federal institutions and covers many facets of Canadian life, including social and economic development, immigration, transportation and the environment. The policy also addresses high performance sport and the staging of national and international sport...

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Chapter XIII: Sport and Social Inclusion

Wendy Frisby, Pamela Ponic

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pp. 381-403

As the quotation below suggests, sport policy makers and researchers have been grappling with what social inclusion means and how to best achieve it: Inclusionary and exclusionary mechanisms that influence sport participation and positions of leadership in sport form a complex constellation of interacting factors and dimensions. Changes in the facilitation and organization...

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Conclusion

Jean Harvey, Lucie Thibault

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pp. 405-410

This book fills the need for a renewed overall examination of sport policy in Canada since the publication of Macintosh, Bedecki and Franks’s (1987) text entitled Sport and Politics in Canada. Federal Government Involvement Since 1961. Moreover, this book offers the most comprehensive analysis of Canadian sport policy that has ever been published...

About the Contributors

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pp. 411-416

Index

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pp. 417-433


E-ISBN-13: 9780776620954
Print-ISBN-13: 9780776621265

Page Count: 435
Publication Year: 2013

Series Title: Open Access