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Life, Fish and Mangroves

Resource Governance in Coastal Cambodia

Melissa Marschke

Publication Year: 2012

In Life, Fish and Mangroves, Melissa Marschke explores the potential of resource governance, offering a case study of resource-dependent village life. Following six households and one village-based institution in coastal Cambodia over a twelve-year period, Marschke reveals the opportunities and constraints facing villagers and illustrates why local resource management practices remain delicate, even with a sustained effort.  She highlights how government and business interests in community-based management and resource exploitation combine to produce a complex, highly uncertain dynamic. With this instructive study, she demonstrates that in spite of a significant effort, spanning many years and engaging many players, resource governance remains fragile and coastal livelihoods in Cambodia remain precarious.

Published by: University of Ottawa Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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Table of Contents

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pp. v-

List of Figures and Tables

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pp. vi-

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-viii

I have never had the words to explain adequately my experiences of living, working and conducting research in the mangrove-estuary villages of southwestern Cambodia. I was introduced to the area as a graduate student...

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Prologue

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pp. ix-x

I first visited Koh Sralao village in June 1998. The area surrounding the village had recently (1996) obtained Ramsar site status because of the health and abundance of mangrove trees in this part of the Gulf of Thailand. Being Canadian and new...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-12

Wayne Som Sak’s reflection upon his livelihood speaks volumes about the changes taking place in the Cambodian countryside. Wayne lives in a mangrove-estuary village surrounded by trees, water and fish...

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I. Desiring Local Resource Governance

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pp. 13-37

Twenty years of war excluded Cambodia’s natural resources— forests, coastal and inland fisheries, waterways and minerals—from the acute resource depletion associated with agricultural expansion and economic...

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II. Governing a Coveted Resource

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pp. 39-56

Fisheries resources contribute significantly toward nutrition, livelihoods and GDP in Cambodia. At the same time, most of the near-shore fisheries are overfished (Pomeroy et al. 2007), both in coastal areas...

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III. Life in a Resource-Dependent Village, 1998–2010

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pp. 57-77

I came to Koh Sralao in 1988 because I did not want to be a soldier anymore. People told me about the opportunity to work for a businessperson who was growing marijuana. I came to the village thinking that I would be a worker but the plantation was shut down...

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IV. Villagers Pursuing Local Resource Governance, 1998–2010

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pp. 79-105

Cambodia’s emphasis on local governance can be seen as a timely embodiment of the global trend encouraging decentralized resource governance, as a donor and government response to the poverty and marginalization found in many...

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V. Resource Governance across Administrative Units

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pp. 107-129

This type of governance challenge, where one fisher or boat driver inadvertently ruins the fishing gear of a fisher, is not easy to solve. Initially (in 2004) Sok thought that a light would be helpful for night fishing...

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VI. Probing the Failures

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pp. 131-144

As this quote illustrates, Cambodia continues to be promoted as a frontier to be explored for its potential development. Resource extraction has now been happening for over twenty years, leading to the depletion...

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Conclusion: Resource Governance at the Margins

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pp. 145-150

Policy reforms promoting local resource governance are not working out as envisioned.19 Although people do engage in resource governance in creative ways, there are many failures along the road. The broad appeal of local resource...

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Academic Acknowledgements

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pp. 151-

Chapter 2 draws and adapts sections from two papers: one I published in 2008 entitled « Le Secteur des Pêcheries de l’Ère « Post » au Cambodge: Une explication de la nontransformation » and another...

References

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pp. 153-164

Index

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pp. 165-179


E-ISBN-13: 9780776619866
E-ISBN-10: 0776619861
Print-ISBN-13: 9780776607283
Print-ISBN-10: 0776607286

Page Count: 192
Publication Year: 2012

Series Title: Governance Series

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Sei Sh
  • Makura no s
  • Sei Sh
  • Japanese literature--Heian period, 794-1185--History and criticism.
  • Women authors, Japanese--Heian period, 794-1185.
  • East and West in literature.
  • Translating and interpreting--Cross-cultural studies.
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