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Women and Political Representation in Canada

Edited by Manon Tremblay and Caroline Andrew

Publication Year: 1998

This collection of essays explores the often antagonistic relationship between women and political life in Canada. While women make up little over half of the total population in Canada, they are in many ways conspicuous by their absence from the Canadian political scene.

Published by: University of Ottawa Press

Table of Contents

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pp. 1-3

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pp. 5-15

Women and political representation in Canada—as recently as 25 years ago it would have been difficult to imagine that such a topic could constitute an object of study and discussion, except perhaps to illustrate the absence of research in the field. The Royal Commission on the Status...

Part One: How the State Organizes the Interests of Women

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pp. 17-112

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Chapter 1: Restructuring and the Politics of Marginalization

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pp. 19-37

After passing the leadership of the National Action Committee on the Status of Women (NAC) to Sunera Thobani, Judy Rebick gave a candid and insightful interview about the future of the Canadian women's movement to Studies in Political Economy (1994). The interview contains...

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Chapter 2: A Critical Look at State Discourse on "Violence against Women": Some Implications for Feminist Politics and Women's Citizenship

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pp. 39-84

Over the past few years, Canadian feminists have witnessed, often with some astonishment, the development of a new and radical feminist inspired state discourse on "violence against women."1 Since the very beginning of the second wave women's movement, activists had...

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Chapter 3: Employment Equality Strategies and Their Representation in the Political Process in Canada, 1970-1994

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pp. 85-112

This paper outlines the key gender equality strategies relating to employment that have been developed in Canada since 1970 and asks how they have been represented in the political process. It further asks if the dominant mode of representation has set limits on the strategies considered...

Part Two: Strategies of Women's Entry into Politics: Are They Strategies of Transformation?

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pp. 113-168

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Chapter 4: The Canadian Advisory Council on the Status of Women: Possibilities and Limitations

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pp. 115-144

At the 1994 conference that brought together many of the authors represented in this collection, I called my presentation "A Tale of Two Papers." I had initiated an investigation of the work of the Canadian Advisory Council on the Status of Women with the sense that I had overlooked...

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Chapter 5: "More Women": The RCSW and Political Representation, 1970

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pp. 145-168

"More Women!" More women needed to be elected to the House of Commons, provincial legislatures, and local government. More women needed to be appointed to the Senate and to the bench. The recommendations in the Report of the Royal Commission on the Status of Women...

Part Three: Women's Entry into Formal Politics - The Sphere of Electoral Politics

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pp. 169-289

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Chapter 6: Affirmative Action and Women's Representation in the Ontario New Democratic Party

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pp. 171-193

During the 1970s, social democratic parties began to give more recognition to their female activists and issues of concern to them. For instance, they incorporated feminist claims into their programmes and sanctioned the replacement of older female auxiliaries with feminist women's committees...

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Chapter 7: The Canadian Women's Movement and Political Parties, 1970-1993

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pp. 195-217

In popular discourse, the political representation of women is synonymous with the election of women to the representative institutions of formal politics—parliaments, legislatures, and councils—and the integration of women into political party elites. This...

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Chapter 8: Entry to the Commons: Parties, Recruitment, and the Election of Women in 1993

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pp. 219-255

An important element in the political representation of women is their very presence in the central decision-making arenas of politics, particularly the representative institutions of government. With the beginnings of second-wave feminism, feminist scholarship started documenting...

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Chapter 9: Who's Represented? Gender and Diversity in the Alberta Legislature

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pp. 257-289

Who's represented when women are elected to serve in Canada's legislatures? Do legislators speak for women in all their diversity? Rosemary Brown, an MLA from 1972 to 1984, certainly had this goal in mind. In her autobiography, Being Brown, she recalled that, when giving...

Part Four: Women's Politics

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Chapter 10: Representation and the Struggle for Women's Equality: Issues for Feminist Practice

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pp. 293-310

Representation has been a central issue for feminists in the struggle for women's equality in Canada. Feminists continue to document the limiting effects that the underrepresentation of women in political institutions has had on these struggles (see Lynda Erickson's chapter in this volume). The roots of this...

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Chapter 11: Problematizing Ethnicity and "Race" in Feminist Scholarship on Women and Politics

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pp. 311-340

The impetus for this paper came out of my first experience teaching Women and Politics and the difficulties in locating distinctively Canadian literature on women and politics that adequately reflects Canada's ethnocultural diversity.2 The experiences of ethnic minority...

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Chapter 12: Locating Women's Politics

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pp. 341-367

The reality of feminist organizing in Canada is that women daily face a multilayered political system that entrenches territorially organized interests and divides political power among jurisdictions in bewildering ways. Confronted with an inevitable fracturing of their activism, feminists must choose wisely about where...

About the Contributors

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pp. 369-372

E-ISBN-13: 9780776617442
E-ISBN-10: 0776617443
Print-ISBN-13: 9780776604510
Print-ISBN-10: 0776604511

Page Count: 370
Publication Year: 1998