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From Arabye to Engelond

Medieval Studies in Honour of Mahmoud Manzalaoui

Edited by A. E. Christa Canitz and Gernot R. Weiland

Publication Year: 1999

This collection of essays explores the dialogue between Arabic and European cultures during the medieval period starting from the year 700. Using critical approaches the contributors examine a variety of thematic and cultural concerns.

Published by: University of Ottawa Press

Contents

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pp. v-vi

Acknowledgements

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pp. vii-

Abbreviations

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pp. viii-

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Introduction

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pp. 1-7

As both person and scholar, Mahmoud A. Manzalaoui embodies the dialogue between cultures, languages, and traditions that is fundamental to the reality and the ideal of a multicultural civilization. ...

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Images of Europe and Europeans in Some Medieval Arabic Sources

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pp. 9-23

"Europa," or the fair 'Orphah ("the girl with a full mane") as she was known in some early Semitic languages, was the daughter of the Phoenician king of Tyre (modern Lebanon), who was abducted by Zeus and for whom she bore three sons. Her brother Cadmus was sent by her father to fetch her; but instead of bringing her back, he settled in Thebes, where he taught the...

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The First Patriarchate of Gennadios II Scholarios as Reflected in a Pastoral Letter

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pp. 25-38

George Scholarios was about fifty years old when the City (as Constantinople was known) finally fell to the Turks under the Sultan Mehmed II on 29 May 1453. Three years earlier he had taken the name Gennadios on becoming a monk. ...

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Arabic and Hebrew auctoritates in the Works of Enrique de Villena

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pp. 39-60

Enrique de Villena (c. 1384-1434), scion of the royal houses of Castile and Aragon, was an eccentric polymath, a reputed magus, and a significant figure in the "proto-Humanism" of early fifteenth-century Castile, recognized in his own day-though not always appreciated-for his immense learning and knowledge of languages.2 ...

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"Ad restringuendum coytum": How to Cool Lust

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pp. 61-73

In a British Library manuscript, Sloane 2463, is a gynecological text written in Middle English in the early fifteenth century. Because it concludes advice on conception with the phrase "witnesse Trotula," it was formerly thought to be a translation from a Latin work ascribed to the legendary Salernitan healer. ...

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The Compulsions of Honour

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pp. 75-92

Professor Mahmoud Manzalaoui is trilingual in English, French, and Arabic, as well as learned in medieval scientific Latin. He is in a particularly strong position to appreciate both the cross-cultural similarities of systems of honour from Islam to Europe, and also the variations that each society creates out of general human impulses. ...

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Another Look at an Old 'Science': Chaucer's Pilgrims and Physiognomy

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pp. 93-111

The treatises dating from Geoffrey Chaucer's era that deal with the pseudo-science of physiognomy are usually contained in versions of the long-popular Secreta Secretorum, compendiums of practical wisdom that claimed to provide instruction in rulership taught by Aristotle to Alexander. The practical nature of this pseudo-science has been called "the art of...

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Voices of the Tabard: The Last Tales of the Canterbury Tales

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pp. 113-129

He sits in a corner of the pub watching the sundry company, noting their eccentricities. Soon, he will agree to become a part of this motley assembly's pilgrimage to Canterbury, deciding along the way to provide a chronicle of this journey and, more significantly, of the tales told to pass the time on the road to Canterbury. ...

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Courtly Hagiomythography and Chaucer's Tripartite Genre Critique in the Legend of Good Women

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pp. 131-153

From the very beginning of the Prologue, the Legend of Good Women takes a critical stance towards authority per se: not even St. Bernard saw all of heaven and hell, and hence the authoritative account of these realms purportedly provided by "olde bokes" must be questionable. ...

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Coleridge's Sublime and Langland's Subject in the Pardon Scene of Piers Plowman

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pp. 155-174

Much has been written on the pardon scene in Passus 7 of the B-text of Piers Plowman. Not only is the passage an important one, the climax of the first section of the poem or Visio according to some of its manuscript traditions; but the interpretation of the episode has also been one of the chief controversies in Langland criticism. ...

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"Whilom, as olde stories tellen us": The Discourse Marker whilom in Middle English

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pp. 175-199

Not even the most casual reader of Middle English narrative, especially of Chaucer and Gower, will have failed to note the formulaic use of the word whilom at the onset of tales and stories. It is frequently translated with the phrase "once upon a time" characteristic of folk tales in contemporary English. ...

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The Writings of Hilary of Poitiers in Medieval Britain from c. 700 to c. 1330

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pp. 201-216

Recent scholarship on extant manuscripts, medieval library lists, and quotations of sources enables us to track particular traditions or authors on the interpretation of biblical texts and theological issues from the Early Church through the Middle Ages. ...

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Ge mid wige ge mid wisdome: Alfred's Double-Edged Sword

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pp. 217-228

Alfred's Preface to the translation of the Cura Pastoralis has received much critical attention, and yet not all the aspects of that much anthologized piece of writing have been analyzed.2 A large part of the criticism has concentrated on examining Alfred's claim that learning had vanished in England during the ninth century.3 ...

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The Oldest Folk Poetry? Medieval Woman's Song as "Popular" Lyric

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pp. 229-252

For the last hundred years or more, medievalists have been using the terms Frauenlied and chanson de femme to designate a particular type of female-voice love lyric which they felt to be somehow significantly different from the dominant courtly discourse of medieval love poetry. ...

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The Pageant of the Sins

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pp. 253-264

In his recent book The Limits of Moralizing, David Mikics makes interesting comments on Book I of Spenser's Faerie Queene, particularly regarding the "characterisation" of its protagonist, the Red Crosse Knight, and his encounter with Error and the Seven Deadly Sins. ...

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John Ruskin's Medievalism

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pp. 265-282

The Gothic revival was well under way when Ruskin was born in 1819, the year in which Sir Walter Scott published Ivanhoe. Medievalism in Ruskin's own time took many forms: among others, enthusiasm for Gothic architecture, for the idea of chivalry, for the social structure of the Middle Ages. ...

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Sub Rosa: Umberto Eco and the Medievalist Mystery Story

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pp. 283-298

It is not easy to locate or develop a syncretic view of twentieth-century medievalism. If the medievalism of the antiquaries, of Scott and the Romantics, of Tennyson and William Morris, is like a series of fancifully reconstructed stained glass windows, medievalism in the twentieth century is more like a spilled jig-saw puzzle. ...

Bibliography of Works by Mahmoud Manzalaoui

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pp. 299-303

List of Contributors

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pp. 305-307


E-ISBN-13: 9780776615950
E-ISBN-10: 0776615955
Print-ISBN-13: 9780776605173
Print-ISBN-10: 0776605178

Page Count: 320
Publication Year: 1999

Series Title: Actexpress

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Literature, Medieval -- Arab influences.
  • English literature -- Middle English, 1100-1500.
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