Ethical Eating in the Postsocialist and Socialist World
Publication Year: 2014
Published by: University of California Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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Earlier versions of the chapters in this volume were presented at an international workshop on “Ethical Foods and Food Movements in Postsocialist Settings,” co-organized by the editors and held on May 11–13, 2011, at the Food Studies Centre, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of...
Introduction: Ethical Eating and (Post)socialist Alternatives
Jakob A. Klein, Yuson Jung, and Melissa L. Caldwell
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In spring 2013, alternative food activists and their supporters took to the streets around the world to protest against GM (genetically modified) foods and Monsanto, arguably one of the most visible symbols behind the spread of genetically modified seeds. Organizers claimed that more than two million people throughout...
1. Homogenizing Europe: Raw Milk, Risk Politics, and Moral Economies in Europeanizing Lithuania
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In July 2009, something quite unusual began to appear in the lobbies of Lithuania’s largest supermarket stores—colorful raw milk vending machines that dispensed milk that had been delivered to the supermarkets directly from the farm. The lines of customers at these machines were long but moved...
2. The Moral Significance of Food in Reform-Era Rural China
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In discussions of the food system of contemporary China, many analysts have focused on the rise of fast foods and agribusiness, and the dominance of petrochemicals in agriculture.1 These developments raise questions for China, as they have elsewhere, about how chemical agricultural inputs, and fast and...
3. Placing Alternative Food Networks: Farmers’ Markets in Post-Soviet Vilnius, Lithuania
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Farmers’ markets have experienced growing popularity in Europe and North America in recent years, in many ways becoming emblematic of new trends to foster alternatives to industrially produced, processed, and marketed food. Activists and scholars alike imagine farmers’ markets as ideal places for reconnection...
4. Ambivalent Consumers and the Limits of Certification: Organic Foods in Postsocialist Bulgaria
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In the summer of 2012, I accompanied an old friend to a large and crowded supermarket in the basement of a new shopping mall in Sofia, Bulgaria. The supermarket was owned by a French corporation specializing in wholesale goods, and it had a large section devoted to organic products. This was marked...
5. Connecting with the Countryside? “Alternative” Food Movements with Chinese Characteristics
Jakob A. Klein
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In March 2012 a friend took me for a meal at The Earthbound Restaurant (Tusheng Shiguan). Opened the previous month in a former factory building on the outskirts of downtown Kunming, the restaurant reminded me of many of the other country-style eating places that were popular in the Yunnanese...
6. Vegetarian Ethics and Politics in Late-Socialist Vietnam
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In 2000, there were only three vegetarian restaurants (com chay) in the small town of Hoi An in central Vietnam. One tiny restaurant was located in a narrow back-alley in the ancient quarter (pho co), another was a makeshift shed situated by one of the town’s main thoroughfares, and the third was located...
7. Agroecology and the Cuban Nation
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I first met Eduardo, a small-scale Cuban farmer or parcelero, in 2004.1 The meeting was organized by agronomists from the Agrarian University of Havana who told me that Eduardo and his family were famous in Cuba for informing the nation about agroecological production. Eduardo described himself in this...
8. Gardening for the State: Cultivating Bionational Citizens in Postsocialist Russia
Melissa L. Caldwell
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While the impact of Russia’s rapidly growing car culture is evident both in the heavy traffic and gridlock that now clogs the country’s roadways and in the environmental pollution from car exhaust that hangs in the air, it also appears in the country’s food supply. Transit has become the medium by which...
Afterword: Ethical Food Systems: Between Suspicion and Hope
Harry G. West
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In the autumn of 2002, Peter Rossett delivered a paper entitled “Sustainable Agriculture and Resistance: Transforming Food Production in Cuba” in the Program in Agrarian Studies Colloquium at Yale University.1 As a resident fellow of the program, I was asked to serve as commentator on the paper...
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Page Count: 235
Publication Year: 2014