Why Choice Can Deepen Inequality and How to Make Schools Fair
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of California Press
Download PDF (110.6 KB)
Title Page, Copyright
Download PDF (52.3 KB)
Download PDF (43.2 KB)
List of Illustrations
Download PDF (41.1 KB)
Download PDF (47.5 KB)
Choice has been a major theme in civil rights policy since the 1960s. One of us, Erica Frankenberg, is the product of a good desegregated magnet school in Mobile, Alabama; the other, Gary Orfield, had his children attend a magnet school in illinois and was deeply involved in the creation of new magnet schools in st. louis and san Francisco, where federal courts appointed him as special ...
Part One. Introduction
1. Choice and Civil Rights: Forgetting History, Facing Consequences
Download PDF (206.6 KB)
The idea of school choice has a tangled history. it is an idea that has taken many shapes, under the banner of the same hopeful word, one that seems to have a simple positive meaning but embodies many contradictory possibilities. Choice has a thousand dif_ferent faces, some treacherous, some benign. it includes the creation of charter and magnet schools, voluntary transfer programs under state ...
2. Choice Theories and the Schools
Download PDF (186.8 KB)
...school choice has become so important in American educational policy discus-sions because it resonates strongly with the basic beliefs of many Americans and with important aspects of American social and political ideology. Wealthy business leaders who insist on data rather than theories in their own businesses pour money into charter schools based on a simple faith that markets relying on ...
Part Two. School Districts’ Use of Choice to Further Diversity
3. The Promise of Choice: Berkeley’s Innovative Integration Plan
Download PDF (135.0 KB)
...since the 1960s, the Berkeley Unified school District (BUsD) in Berkeley, California, has voluntarily committed to integrating its schools. it provided the first major test of a city struggling to find a successful integration strategy that would survive court challenges af_ter the supreme Court forbade many kinds of voluntary desegregation plans in 2007.one.fitted in contrast to many other districts, which ...
4. V aluing Diversity and Hoping for the Best: Choice in Metro Tampa
Download PDF (134.2 KB)
...serving Metro tampa, the Hillsborough County Public schools (HCPs) district has relied heavily on choice policies for the past two decades, and school leaders still express a significant commitment to using choice to promote school diver-sity even though the desegregation plan that led to the creation of many of the choice options has ended. Af_ter implementing a comprehensive desegregation ...
5. Designing Choice: Magnet School Structures and Racial Diversity
Download PDF (137.6 KB)
Magnet schools represent the first mainstream policy ef_fort to combine school choice with the pursuit of racial diversity.one.fitted During the 1970s, as urban districts around the country grappled with the implementation of Brown v. Board of Education’s mandate, pioneering educators in Milwaukee, Cincinnati, Buf_falo, and other communities sought to create educationally distinctive schools that ...
Part Three. Charter Schools and Stratification
6. A Segregating Choice? An Overview of Charter School Policy, Enrollment Trends, and Segregation
Download PDF (122.5 KB)
The expansion of charter schools has been championed by every presidential administration since that of George H. W. Bush, under whom the first such schools were founded. These administrations have supported charters by escalat-ing financial allocations for them and using the presidential bully pulpit to pro-mote their virtues.one.fitted Given such high levels of federal support, it is not surprising ...
7. Failed Promises: Assessing Charter Schools in the Twin Cities
Download PDF (221.0 KB)
Minnesota passed the nation’s first charter school law and has been at the center of a debate over the possible contribution of the surging charter school move-ment to equalizing opportunity for students of color, who are increasingly iso-lated in low-performing schools that are segregated by ethnicity and poverty. Unfortunately, data from the twin Cities, two decades af_ter charters began, shows ...
8. The State of Public Schools in Post-Katrina New Orleans:The Challenge of Creating Equal Opportunity
Download PDF (320.6 KB)
Charter schools in new Orleans have been hailed as the silver lining from Hurricane Katrina. The state of louisiana used the hurricane as an opportunity to rebuild the entire new Orleans public school system, considered among the worst in the country, and launched the nation’s most extensive charter school experiment. These rebuilding ef_forts focused on charter schools not only as the ...
Part Four. Lessons about Conditions under Which ChoiceFurthers Integration
9. The Story of Meaningful School Choice:Lessons from Interdistrict Transfer Plans
Download PDF (342.3 KB)
For the past twenty years, enthusiastic calls for more school choice — from both the political right and lef_t — have eclipsed most other educational reform propos-als. Wealthy philanthropists have eagerly poured money into charter schools in urban neighborhoods where regular public schools are struggling to overcome the impact of poverty on too many families’ lives. The popular film Waiting for ...
10. S chool Information, Parental Decisions, and the Digital Divide:The SmartChoices Project in Hartford, Connecticut
Download PDF (259.2 KB)
...two rapidly expanding developments — public school choice and the World Wide Web — have dramatically altered U.s. elementary and secondary education dur-ing the past two decades. in many cities and states, traditional neighborhood school assignment patterns have given way to an increasing array of public sector options, such as magnet and charter schools. At the same time, we have witnessed ...
11. Experiencing Integration in Louisville: Attitudes on Choice andDiversity in a Changing Legal Environment
Download PDF (181.6 KB)
The supreme Court has been drawn into the struggles over the use of choice in desegregation plans on several occasions. in 1968 it rejected most choice plans as inadequate to achieve real desegregation in Green v. New Kent County.one.fitted it approved limits on choice that were part of almost all desegregation plans, for example prohibiting transfers that would increase segregation. it forbade split-...
Conclusion: A Theory of Choice with Equity
Download PDF (110.1 KB)
Choice sounds good but can mean a myriad of very dif_ferent things. There are choices that produce life-changing gains and bad choices that seem good but lead to disaster. The idea that any kind of choice will produce good results is something no parent or teacher would suggest. similarly, there are markets that have powerful and creative results, like the computer market, and markets that ...
Download PDF (240.8 KB)
Download PDF (50.5 KB)
Download PDF (231.3 KB)
Page Count: 330
Publication Year: 2013