Molecular Panbiogeography of the Tropics
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: University of California Press
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TItle Page, Copyright
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Table of Contents
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The theme of this book is the distribution of plants and animals and how it developed. The subject is approached using the methods of pan-biogeography, a synthesis of plant geography, animal geography, and geology (Craw et al., 1999). The methodology is based on the idea that distribution is not due to chance dispersal; instead, range expansion ...
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I am very grateful for the help and encouragement I’ve received from friends and colleagues, especially Lynne Parenti (Washington, D.C.), John Grehan (Buffalo), Isolda Luna-Vega and Juan Morrone (Mexico City), Jürg de Marmels (Maracay), Mauro Cavalcanti (Rio de Janeiro), Guilherme Ribeiro (São Paulo), Jorge Crisci (Buenos Aires), Andres ...
1. Evolution in Space
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Many different ways of analyzing spatial variation in biological diversity—the biogeographic patterns—have been employed by different authors, and some of the assumptions in these methods are discussed here. The chronological aspect of evolution is discussed in the next Every kind of plant or animal has its own particular distribution ...
2. Evolution in Time
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Differentiation in morphology and molecules occurs over space and through time. Spatial variation can be observed directly; establishing the age of a clade is more diffi cult. Molecular clock dates for clades are reported in the mass media and even the scientifi c literature as more or less factual, yet in reality there are fundamental problems transforming ...
3. Evolution and Biogeography of Primates: A New Model Based on Molecular Phylogenetics, Vicariance, and Plate Tectonics
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The last two chapters considered general aspects of evolution in space and time. The rest of the book is a study of biogeography and tectonics in the tropical regions. The tropics are well known for their stupendous biodiversity, and a survey of all groups is obviously impossible. On the other hand, discussions that are not based on concrete examples often ...
4. Biogeography of New World Monkeys
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...monkeys (Opazo et al., 2006; Osterholz et al., 2009) and on their distribution and ecology (IUCN, 2009) is now available, and so the group is an excellent subject for biogeographic and evolutionary study. Researchers now agree on many descriptive aspects of the phylogeny and distributions, although the interpretation of the data remains con-...
5. Primates in Africa and Asia
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Several decades of work on the molecular biology of primates, together with extensive fi eld studies by biologists, paleontologists, and conserva-tion ecologists, mean that a great deal is now known about the phy-logeny and distribution of the order. Nevertheless, the interpretation of this data and proposals about how, where, and when the different ...
6. Biogeography of the Central Pacific: Endemism, Vicariance, and Plate Tectonics
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East of the Philippines and Sulawesi there is abundant suitable habitat for non-human primates in the tropical rainforests of New Guinea and the Pacifi c islands. Despite this, they are absent (apart from an intro-duced Macaca in northwestern New Guinea), and the account of Pacifi c biogeography given in this chapter and the next two will rely instead on ...
7. Biogeography of the Hawaiian Islands: The Global Context
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The Hawaiian Islands have one of the most distinctive biotas of all the Pacifi c islands, and they have been the subject of many in-depth studies. Most authors now interpret the fl ora and fauna as classic cases of long-distance dispersal. For these reasons the biogeography of the group is As explained in Chapter 6, the most infl uential theory of island bio-...
8. Distribution within the Hawaiian Islands
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The plants and animals of the Hawaiian Islands survive in a landscape that has been dominated, at least at some stage in the past, by volca-nism. The geology of the islands is summarized below before looking in The Hawaiian Islands form a chain with the youngest island in the southeast and the oldest in the northwest. Although the archipelago ...
9. Biogeography of Pantropical and Global Groups
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Pacifi c and tropical America. Examples include Fitchia and its allies (Fig. 6-15), the tribe Sicyeae in Cucurbitaceae (Fig. 6-16), and others (Figs. 7-3 to 7-6). These groups link the Pacifi c with western parts of the Americas and the Caribbean plate, terranes that formed in the Pacifi c and were later translated eastward. The Pacifi c–western American clades ...
10. Evolution in Space, Time, and Form: Beyond Centers of Origin, Dispersal, and Adaptation
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This book has dealt at some length with ideas on the center of origin and dispersal. The third component of the CODA model is adaptation by natural selection. Some current views of geneticists on this are dis-cussed below, but fi rst several conclusions reached in earlier chapters Many of the studies cited in earlier chapters indicate that phylogenetic ...
Glossary of Geological Terms
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About the Author
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Michael Heads was educated in New Zealand and has taught ecology and systematics at universities in Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Zimbabwe, and Ghana. He has also carried out fi eld studies in the American tropics, mainly in Jamaica and Venezuela. His research interests are in tree architecture, biogeography, and the evolution of rainforest plants ...
Further Reading, Production Notes
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Page Count: 576
Publication Year: 2012
Series Title: Species and Systematics