Haj to Utopia
How the Ghadar Movement Charted Global Radicalism and Attempted to Overthrow the British Empire
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: University of California Press
Download PDF (96.6 KB)
Title Page, Copyright
Download PDF (156.5 KB)
Download PDF (284.4 KB)
List of Maps
Download PDF (126.9 KB)
Download PDF (289.1 KB)
Of the many people who contributed to this writing, thanks are due fi rst to Terry Burke, Dilip Basu, Gene Irschick, Radhika Mongia, and Barbara Epstein, all ad-visors and mentors at the University of California, Santa Cruz and Berkeley, for equipping my sense of context and helping me to make so many connections, while also granting me your confi dence and trust to go in unorthodox direc-...
Download PDF (129.6 KB)
Download PDF (639.3 KB)
A week aft er Britain declared war on Germany on 4 August 1914, a clarion call appeared in the Ghadar, an ardently revolutionary newspaper emanating from San Francisco to reach a readership of overseas Indians in East Asia, North and South America, Mesopotamia, and East Africa: “O Warriors! Th e opportunity you have been looking for has arrived.” Th e prodigal children of Hindustan were ...
1. "The Air of Freedom": Ghadar in America
Download PDF (394.7 KB)
Th ere had been a smattering of Indian sailors in New En gland ports since the late eigh teenth century, and the odd celebrity religious phi los o pher since the late nineteenth, starting with Vivekananda’s star turn at the Chicago World’s Fair in 1892, which garnered a cult following of theosophists and countercultural practi-tioners among a northeastern elite. Meanwhile, the fl ow of indentured labor to ...
2. Our Name Is Our Work: The Syndicalist Ghadar
Download PDF (527.3 KB)
Almost immediately the Ghadar propaganda tours hit the fi elds. Kartar Singh Sarabha was particularly inspired in generating publicity, said Behari Lal, ar-ranging meetings such as the one in Yolo that he describes here: “A good num-ber” of farm workers gathered around, sitting on the ground around him and his kinsman. “Th ey sat quietly and I said a few things. Th en Har Dayal talked about ...
3. Enemies of Enemies . . . : The Nationalist Ghadar
Download PDF (606.8 KB)
It is a truism for theorists of nationalism (and even for common observers of the world) that the rhetoric of nationalism, and the emotionality of patriotism, increase drastically during war time. Th e Great War introduced a hitherto un-imaginable scale of confl ict as the great empires collided and began ripping each other apart. National identities took over for the duration, breaking up the ideal ...
4. . . . and Friends: The Republican Ghadar
Download PDF (475.1 KB)
Th ough the Germans were willing to fund schemes and initiatives, they lacked a nuanced understanding of the goals of their various benefactees. In an alliance formed of statist thinking, they were in starkest terms the enemies of the enemy. But the partisans of two other major national liberation struggles whom the Ger-mans were supporting, running along timelines roughly parallel to India’s, were ...
5. Toilers of the East: The Communist Ghadar
Download PDF (580.0 KB)
Th e results of the Great War, including the reconfi guration of the Ottoman, German, and Austro- Hungarian empires, combined with the Rus sian upheaval, drastically altered the conditions in which transnational anticolonial revolution-aries functioned at the global level and within both American and Indian do-mestic contexts. Th is is the moment at which it is generally said that Ghadar took ...
6. "Dear Muhammedan Brothers": The Khilafatist Ghadar
Download PDF (615.3 KB)
We have been tracking the evolution of a unique or ga ni za tion that shift ed in form in a dramatically changing global context while still remaining consistent in its agenda and principles of progressive radical democracy, po liti cal libertarian-ism, and economic egalitarianism. But a constant counterpoint throughout this period was another movement without which we cannot understand Ghadar’s ...
7. Lal Salaams: Ghadar and the Bolshevik Muhajirin
Download PDF (555.7 KB)
A special appeal was sent out in December 1917, just aft er the Rus sian Revolution:Muslims of the East! Persians, Turks, Arabs, and Indians! All you whose lives and property, whose freedom and homelands were for centuries merchandise for trade by rapacious Eu ro pe an plunderers! All you whose countries the robbers who Lose no time in throwing off the ancient oppressors of your homelands. Permit ...
Download PDF (320.8 KB)
Th e arc of Ghadar’s narrative paused for breath but did not stop at the threshold of the 1930s, with the Meerut and Lahore Conspiracy cases, the deaths of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev, and a new round of struggle in the Chittagong Armoury raids and the Civil Disobedience movement. Although Ghadar- linked activists were doing their work through other names and formations, even in ...
Download PDF (844.1 KB)
Download PDF (339.4 KB)
Download PDF (394.5 KB)
Download PDF (126.9 KB)
Page Count: 332
Publication Year: 2011
Series Title: California World History Library