The Modern World-System I
Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: University of California Press
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Title Page, Frontispiece, Copyright, Dedication
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List of Illustrations
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...It is always difficult to list the immediate sources of ideas and assistance— from authors, colleagues, and students — in the conception and writing of a book, and particularly so in a book that pretends to synthesize other people's empirical work. The great risk is neglect. In the case of this volume the two authors whose voluminous writings most immediately inspired me on the path I finally decided to go were Fernand Braudel and Marian Malowist...
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Prologue to the 2011 Edition
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...the Sorokin Award. The award was so unexpected that I was not even present at the session at which the award was announced. The book was rapidly translated into a large number of other languages. It sold remarkably well for a scholarly monograph. By any measure, it was a success. However, it also turned out right away that it was a highly controversial book. The book received wonderful plaudits, but it also was the subject of vigorous denunciations, and the latter came...
INTRODUCTION: ON THE STUDY OF SOCIAL CHANGE
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...Change is eternal. Nothing ever changes. Both cliches are "true." Structures are those coral reefs of human relations which have a stable existence over relatively long periods of time. But structures too are born, develop, and die. Unless we are to use the study of social change as a term synonymous to the totality of social science, its meaning should be restricted to the study of changes in those phenomena...
1. MEDIEVAL PRELUDE
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...In the late fifteenth and early sixteenth century, there came into existence what we may call a European world-economy. It was not an empire yet it was as spacious as a grand empire and shared some features with it. But it was different, and new. It was a kind of social system the world has not really known before and which is the distinctive feature of the modern world-system. It is an economic but...
2. THE NEW EUROPEAN DIVISION OF LABOR: C. 1450–1640
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...It was in the sixteenth century that there came to be a European worldeconomy based upon the capitalist mode of production. The most curious aspect of this early period is that capitalists did not flaunt their colors before the world. The reigning ideology was not that of free enterprise, or even individualism or science or naturalism or nationalism. These would all take until the eighteenth or nineteenth...
3. THE ABSOLUTE MONARCHY AND STATISM
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...It is evident that the rise of the absolute monarchy in western Europe is coordinate in time with the emergence of a European world-economy. But is it cause or consequence? A good case can be made for both. On the one hand, were it not for the expansion of commerce and the rise of capitalist agriculture, there would scarcely have been the economic base to finance the expanded bureaucratic state structures...
4. FROM SEVILLE TO AMSTERDAM: THE FAILURE OF EMPIRE
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...The European world-economy in creation was a great prize, and it is understandable that men should seek to control it. The route of imperial domination was the classical route, familiar to the men of the era. Many dreamed of the possibility. The Hapsburgs under Charles V made a valiant attempt to absorb all of Europe into itself. By 1557, the attempt had failed. And Spain steadily lost not only...
5. THE STRONG CORE-STATES: CLASS-FORMATION AND INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE
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...One of the persisting themes of the history of the modern world is the seesaw between "nationalism" and "internationalism." I do not refer to the ideological seesaw, though it of course exists, but to the organizational one. At some points in time the major economic and political institutions are geared to operating in the international arena and feel that local interests are tied in some immediate way to developments...
6. THE EUROPEAN WORLD-ECONOMY: PERIPHERY VERSUS EXTERNAL ARENA
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...The boundaries of an entity defined in political terms are relatively easy to ascertain. If we want to know the territory covered by the Chinese empire in the year 1600, we need to consult some archives which tell us of the juridical claims as of that date. To be sure, there will always be marginal regions, where sovereignty is contested by two rival state structures, or one in which the imperial authority can scarcely be perceived as existing de facto which may lead us to...
7. THEORETICAL REPRISE
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...Theorizing is not an activity separate from the analysis of empirical data. Analyses can only be made in terms of theoretical schema and propositions. On the other hand, analyses of events or processes must include as a starting point a whole series of specific values of certain of the variables, on the basis of which one can explain how the final outcomes were arrived at. In order to convey the historical...
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Page Count: 440
Publication Year: 2011