Archaeologies of Colonialism
Consumption, Entanglement, and Violence in Ancient Mediterranean France
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: University of California Press
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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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...1. The Cup of Gyptis: Introduction to a Colonial Encounter • 1...
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Having conducted research in France for nearly thirty years, I find it fitting that the final touches to this book should be made in Lutetia, capitol of the Parisii, as I return to France for a sojourn as director of the University of Chicago Center in Paris. Over all those years, I have accumulated many debts of gratitude to people and institutions. Let me begin by ex-pressing my profound thanks to the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences ...
1. The Cup of Gyptis: Introduction to a Colonial Encounter
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This statement summarizing the colonial encounter that constitutes the central focus of this book was written during the reign of Augustus, the first Roman emperor, although it purports to describe a process that began about six centuries earlier. It was written by a historian named Gnaeus Pompeius Trogus, who, despite his Roman name and citizen-ship, was a son of the Vocontii, a powerful Gallic tribe1 from what was by that time the ...
2. Archaeologies of Colonialism
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Perhaps the most intriguing and consequential case of “invented traditions” in European history involved a sweeping “colonization” of modern consciousness by the ancient Greco-Roman world. This process was launched several centuries ago, and its evolving manifes-tations have been a pervasive feature of European cultures ever since. The passages cited above are illustrative of this curious cultural conquest of the present by the past, although ...
3. Consumption, Entanglement, and Colonialism
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Developing the theoretical tools to accomplish the goals outlined in the previous chapters, and to enable a productive archaeological contribution to the comparative understand-ing of colonialism, requires coming to grips with the issue of agency in both indigenous and colonial societies and abandoning the kinds of teleological assumptions of inevita-bility that have been shown to underlie many of the approaches discussed previously. ...
4. Social, Cultural, and Political Landscapes
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When traders peddling Etruscan goods first anchored their small ships along the shores of southern France in the late seventh century BCE, they encountered a diverse and dynamic indigenous world composed of exotic peoples whose languages and customs they did not understand. A few decades later, colonists from a Phocaean homeland at the other end of the Mediterranean claimed a space on the north shore of a small harbor ...
5. Trade and Traders
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As should be clear from the previous chapter, throughout most of the period covered in this book, trade, interspersed with episodes of violence, was the principal form of inter-action between indigenous peoples of the region and Etruscans and Greeks. But even after the Roman military intrusion into the region in the late second century BCE, trade continued to be a major element of colonial relations and a significant factor in the his-...
6. A History of Violence
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Violence is a crucial subject of analysis in any colonial encounter. That is not to say that it is an inevitable feature of colonialism or even necessarily the most important. But colonial situations do frequently involve aggressive action (or at least the threat of such action), and they often provoke or alter various forms of collective homicidal conflict. Transformations in the extent and nature of collective violence among societies in the ...
7. Culinary Encounters
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Food is a domain of social life that presents what should be an obvious target for inves-tigation in seeking to understand the operation of colonialism. After all, contemporary foodways around the world are in large measure the product of a long history of colonial encounters. Moreover, food has been a consistently prominent material medium for the enactment of colonialism.1 In other words, food is not simply a convenient index of ...
8. Constructed Spaces: Landscapes of Everyday Life and Ritual
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The colonial encounter unfolded within an evolving set of interrelated material and con-ceptual spaces that both organized the flow of interactions and were reconfigured by the colonial experience. This chapter examines two dimensions of that set of spaces—landscapes of everyday life and ritual—and asks what these features can tell us about the nature and consequences of the encounter. Obviously, the distinction between the ...
9. Conclusion and Imperial Epilogue
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This book began with a passage by the Gallo-Roman historian Pompeius Trogus extol-ling the radiant civilizing influence of Massalia and claiming that the progress of the sur-rounding barbarians was so brilliant that it seemed as though Gaul had essentially been transformed into Greece (fig. 9.1). In subsequent chapters, analysis of archaeological data covering the six centuries of colonial encounters that preceded the account of Pom-...
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Page Count: 480
Publication Year: 2010