The Pilgrim Art
Cultures of Porcelain in World History
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: University of California Press
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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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Note on Terminology
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The distinctions amongearthenware,stoneware,andporcelain,in terms of appear-ance, ﬁring range, and material composition, are explained in the opening sectionof chapter three.taboldstyle. Earthenware covered with a tin-based glaze is known as maiolica inSpain and italy,faiencein France, anddelftwarein Holland and England. Althoughthere are only negligible differences among these wares, the terms are employed...
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...i should like to thank Mimi Gardner Gates, director of the Seattle Art Museum, forinviting me to participate in the conference “Porcelain Stories from China to Eu-rope”inMarchtwo.taboldstylezero.taboldstylezero.taboldstylezero.taboldstyle.AssheandJulieEmerson,curatorofdecorativearts,explained,an essay i wrote on the global inﬂuence of Chinese porcelain played a role in in-spiringtheexhibition.Theconferencerepresentsmyonlyexposuretothecongenial...
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...in one.taboldstylefive.taboldstylenine.taboldstyleeight.taboldstyle Philip ii of Spain was buried in the Escorial palace north of Madrid in acofﬁn made from the keel of theCincoChagasdeCristo,a vessel that had served asthe ﬂagship of ﬁve viceroys of Goa in india, the center of the Portuguese maritimeempire in Asia. Sailing for the Portuguese crown for over a quarter of a century,the teak-built carrack had made about nine round-trip voyages between Goa and...
1. The Porcelain City
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...in the opening years of the eighteenth century, François-xavier dentrecolles es-tablished a church in Jingdezhen, the great porcelain center on the Chang riverin the province of Jiangxi, southeastern China. A recruit for the French missionof the Jesuits, he was thirty-ﬁve years old when he arrived in Canton in one.taboldstylesix.taboldstylenine.taboldstyleeight.taboldstyle onboard the Amphitrite, a ship purchased by the Compagnie des indes orientales...
2. The Secrets of Porcelain
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...inone.taboldstylesix.taboldstyleeight.taboldstylefive.taboldstyleJoachimbouvetandﬁvefellowmathematiciansconstitutedtheﬁrstFrenchJesuit mission to China. bouvet received the prestigious assignment to tutor theKangxi emperor in geometry and philosophy, a task he believed would further thecause of Christianity. For the Jesuits, the most learned of the clerical orders, con-version and the search for knowledge went hand in hand. The Constitution drawn...
3. The Creation of Porcelain
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Whileamodern-daydentrecollescertainlywouldﬁnditsubstantiallyeasiertolearnabout the history and nature of porcelain, problems of deﬁnition and interpreta-tion still puzzle a newcomer to the subject. A central difﬁculty is that China andthe West categorize porcelain differently in relation to earthenware and stoneware.based on a Western taxonomy, the contemporary view regards pottery as encom-...
4. The Culture of Porcelain in China
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...duringtheSongperiod,aChinesewriterexulted,“TheshipswhichsailtheSouth-ern Sea and south of it are like houses. When their sails are spread, they are greatclouds in the sky.”1 Government ofﬁcials and private entrepreneurs had reason tolook upon the huge junks with satisfaction, for their voyages contributed sub-stantiallytoaﬂourishingeconomy.despitecostly,relentlessthreatsfromnomadic...
5. The Creation of Blue-and-White Porcelain
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From the perspective of dentrecolles, the most celebrated wares of Jingdezhen pre-sentedsomethingofamystery.learningfromlocalannalsthat“peoplehereintimespast made only white porcelain,” he wondered how it came about that in his day“onehardlyseesanyinEuropeexceptthosewhichhaveavividblueonawhiteback-ground.” When he questioned his parishioners about the origins of the coloring,...
6. The Primacy of Chinese Porcelain
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MatteoriccirecountedthatwhenheshowedsomeChineseofﬁcialsaEuropeanmapof the world, they were puzzled to ﬁnd the Middle Kingdom placed at its farthesteastern margin. When he later drafted a map for the Wanli emperor, he therefore soarranged it that “the empire of China occupied a more or less central position.” nat-urally,ricciwasconcernedtorespectthesensibilitiesofhishosts(andpotentialcon-...
7. The Triumph of Chinese Porcelain
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According to Matteo ricci, the Confucian elite regarded peoples beyond their em-pire with scorn, differing “but little from the beasts of the ﬁelds and the forest,” be-cause they lacked the social and political virtues characteristic of the Middle King-dom. As he explained, “The few kingdoms contiguous to their state, of which theyhad any knowledge before they learned of the existence of Europe, were, in their...
8. The Decline and Fall of Chinese Porcelain
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...in March one.taboldstylesix.taboldstylezero.taboldstyletwo.taboldstyle two voC ships from the province of Zeeland captured the Por-tugueseSanJagooff the island of St. Helena in the South Atlantic, a convenient lay-over for carracks on the way home from Goa. The auction of its cargo of porcelainin Middleburg attracted considerable attention, assisted by the voC, which cere-monially presented packages of dishes and bowls to many town councils and dig-...
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...in the late eighteenth century, louis-Sébastien Mercier expressed astonishment attheexhilarating,cosmopolitanlifeofParis.Thepeoplethrongingthestreets,hesaid,includedJapanese,indians,Persians,laplanders,Hottentots,andQuakers.Henotedthat his contemporaries took up novelties in clothing and tableware with enthusi-asm, akin to “electricity passing from one to another.” The commodities available...
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Page Count: 440
Publication Year: 2010
Series Title: California World History Library